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Omar Khayyám
Omar Khayyam2.JPG
Era Islamic Golden Age
Region Persian scholar
School Persian mathematics, Persian poetry, Persian philosophy
Main interests
Poetry, Mathematics, Islamic philosophy, Astronomy

Omar Khayyām (Persian: عمر خیام) or Omar Khayyam (b. May 18 1048 Nishapur, (Iran) – d. December 4 1131) was a Persian, mathematician, astronomer and poet.

In mathematics he contributed to the theory of equations, to the understanding of the parallel axiom, and possibly to the generalization of the binomial theorem. As an astronomer he contributed to a calendar reform when Sultan Malik-Shah decided that the calendar needed some adjusting. He is best known for his agnostic and sceptic poetry, largely because of the publication in 1859 of Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam by the translator Edward Fitzgerald.

  • E.G. Browne. Literary History of Persia. (Four volumes, 2,256 pages, and 25 years in the writing). 1998. ISBN: 0-7007-0406-X
  • Jan Rypka, History of Iranian Literature. Reidel Publishing Company. 1968. ISBN: 90-277-0143-1

Related pages

  • The Persian Poet (http://www.omar-khayyam.org ) - Contains the translations by Edward FitzGerald and a biography.
  • O'Connor, John J; Edmund F. Robertson "Omar Khayyám". MacTutor History of Mathematics archive.  

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