Palestinians facts for kids

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Palestinians
(الفلسطينيون, al-Filasṭīnīyūn)
Total population
c. 13,000,000
Regions with significant populations
State of Palestine 4,750,000
 – West Bank 2,930,000 (of whom 809,738 are registered refugees (2017))
 – Gaza Strip 1,880,000 (of whom 1,386,455 are registered refugees (2018))
Jordan 2,175,491 (2017, registered refugees only)–3,240,000 (2009)
Israel 1,890,000 (60% of Israeli Arabs identify as Palestinians (2012))
Syria 552,000 (2018, registered refugees only)
Chile 500,000
Lebanon 174,000 (2017 census)–458,369 (2016 registered refugees)
Saudi Arabia 400,000
Qatar 295,000
United States 255,000
United Arab Emirates 91,000
Germany 80,000
Kuwait 80,000
Egypt 70,000
El Salvador 70,000
Brazil 59,000
Libya 59,000
Iraq 57,000
Canada 50,975
Yemen 29,000
Honduras 27,000–200,000
United Kingdom 20,000
Peru 15,000
Mexico 13,000
Colombia 12,000
Netherlands 9,000–15,000
Australia 7,000 (rough estimate)
Sweden 7,000
Algeria 4,030
Languages
Palestine and Israel:
Palestinian Arabic, Hebrew, English and Greek
Diaspora:
Other varieties of Arabic, the vernacular languages of other countries in the Palestinian diaspora
Religion
Majority: Sunni Islam
Minority: Christianity, Samaritanism, Druze, Shia Islam, non-denominational Muslims
Related ethnic groups
Other Levantines, other Semitic-speaking peoples, Jews (Ashkenazim, Mizrahim, Sephardim), Assyrians, Samaritans, other Arabs, and other Mediterranean peoples.

The Palestinian people or just Palestinians are the Arab people from the West Bank and the Gaza strip, which are also called the Palestinian Territories, or Palestine.

The people called "Palestinians" today are Arabs, but in the past, "Palestinians" could also be used as a name for Jewish people who lived in Palestine.

Some well known Palestinians are:

The Palestinian people, (Arabic: الشعب الفلسطيني, ash-sha`b al-filasTīni) also referred to as Palestinians or Palestinian Arabs (Arabic: الفلسطينيون, al-filasTīnīyyūn; Arabic: العرب الفلسطينيون, al-`Arab al-filasTīnīyyūn), are an Arabic-speaking people with family origins in Palestine. The total Palestinian population, including descendants, is estimated at approximately 10 million, roughly half continuing to live in the region of historic Palestine, an area encompassing Israel proper, the West Bank including East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip and Jordan. In this combined area, as of 2009, they constitute a majority of 51% of all inhabitants, some of whom are internally displaced persons. The remainder, just over half of all Palestinians, comprise what is known as the Palestinian diaspora, most of whom are stateless Palestinian refugees lacking citizenship in any country. Of the diaspora, over two and a half million live in neighboring Jordan, one million is shared between Syria and Lebanon, a quarter million in Saudi Arabia, and Chile's half a million is the largest concentration outside the Arab world.

By religious affiliation, most Palestinians are Muslim, particularly of the Sunni branch of Islam, and there is a significant Palestinian Christian minority of various Christian denominations, as well as smaller religious communities. As the commonly applied term "Palestinian Arab" ethnonym implies, the current traditional vernacular of Palestinians, irrespective of religion, is the Palestinian dialect of Arabic. For those who are citizens of Israel, known also as Arab Israelis, many are now also bilingual in Modern Hebrew. Recent genetic evidence has demonstrated that Palestinians as an ethnic group represent modern "descendants of a core population that lived in the area since prehistoric times," largely predating the Arabian Muslim conquest that resulted in their acculturation and established Arabic as the lingua franca, which eventually became the sole vernacular of the locals, most of whom would over time also convert to Islam from various prior faiths.

The first widespread use of "Palestinian" as an endonym to refer to the nationalist concept of a Palestinian people by the local Arabic-speaking population of Palestine began prior to the outbreak of World War I, and the first demand for national independence was issued by the Syrian-Palestinian Congress on 21 September 1921. After the creation of Israel, the exodus of 1948, and more so after the exodus of 1967, the term came to signify not only a place of origin, but the sense of a shared past and future in the form of a Palestinian nation-state. The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) represents the Palestinian people before the international community. The Palestinian National Authority, officially established as a result of the Oslo Accords, is an interim administrative body nominally responsible for governance in Palestinian population centres in the West Bank and Gaza Strip

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