President of the French Republic facts for kids

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President of the French Republic
Emmanuel Macron in 2019.jpg
Incumbent
Emmanuel Macron

since 14 May 2017
Executive branch in French Politics
Style
  • Mr. President (informal)
  • His Excellency (international correspondence)
Member of
Residence Élysée Palace
Seat Paris, France
Nominator At least 500 elected officials
Appointer Direct popular vote (two rounds if necessary)
Term length Five years, renewable once consecutively
Constituting instrument Fifth Republic Constitution
Inaugural holder
Formation
  • Second Republic: 20 December 1848
  • Fifth Republic: 4 October 1958
Salary 179,000 annually
Website (in French)

The President of the French Republic is the head of state of France. The current President is Emmanuel Macron since 14 May 2017 defeating Marine Le Pen in the second round of the presidential election on 7 May 2017.

List of French Presidents (Fifth Republic)

Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office and election Political party
Previous office
18 Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F015892-0010, Charles de Gaulle (cropped 2).jpg Charles de Gaulle
GCLH GCM CL Cg (1914) Cg (1939) CC MIV Mcg
(1890–1970)
8 January 1959 28 April 1969 1958 Union for the New Republic
(1959–1967)
1965 Union of Democrats for the Republic
(1967–1969)
President of the Council of Ministers
(1 June 1958 – 8 January 1959)
The President of the Senate Alain Poher deputised during the interim (28 April 1969 – 20 June 1969).
19 Georges Pompidou (cropped 2).jpg Georges Pompidou
GCLH GCM Cg (1939)
(1911–1974)
20 June 1969 2 April 1974 1969 Union of Democrats for the Republic
Prime Minister of France
(14 April 1962 – 10 July 1968)
The President of the Senate Alain Poher deputised during the interim (2 April 1974 – 27 May 1974).
20 Valéry Giscard d’Estaing 1978(3).jpg Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
GCLH GCM Cg (1939) Académie
(born 1926)
27 May 1974 21 May 1981 1974 National Federation of the Independent Republicans
(1974–1977)
Union for French Democracy
(1978–1981)
Minister of the Economy and Finance
(20 June 1969 – 27 May 1974)
21 François Mitterrand avril 1981.jpg François Mitterrand
GCLH GCM OF MR Cg (1939)
(1916–1996)
21 May 1981 17 May 1995 1981 Socialist Party
1988
Member of the National Assembly for Nièvre
(6 December 1962 – 21 May 1981)
22 Jacques Chirac retouched.jpg Jacques Chirac
GCLH GCM CVM COMA COAL MA Algérie COEN
(1932–2019)
17 May 1995 16 May 2007 1995 Rally for the Republic
(1995–2002)
2002 Union for a Popular Movement
(2002–2007)
Mayor of Paris
(25 March 1977 – 16 May 1995)
23 Flickr - europeanpeoplesparty - EPP Summit October 2010 (105).jpg Nicolas Sarkozy
GCLH GCM
(born 1955)
16 May 2007 15 May 2012 2007 Union for a Popular Movement
Minister of the Interior
(2 June 2005 – 26 March 2007)
24 Francois Hollande 2015.jpeg François Hollande
GCLH GCM
(born 1954)
15 May 2012 14 May 2017 2012 Socialist Party
President of the General Council of Corrèze
(20 March 2008 – 11 May 2012)
25 Emmanuel Macron in 2019.jpg Emmanuel Macron
GCLH GCM
(born 1977)
14 May 2017 Incumbent 2017 La République En Marche!
Minister of the Economy, Industry and Digital Affairs
(26 August 2014 – 30 August 2016)

Living former Presidents of France

There are three living former French presidents:


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