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Red Hook, New York
Town
Montgomery Place in Barrytown
Montgomery Place in Barrytown
Flag of Red Hook, New York
Flag
Official seal of Red Hook, New York
Seal
Location of Red Hook, New York
Location of Red Hook, New York
Country United States
State New York
County Dutchess
Established 1812
Area
 • Total 40.0 sq mi (103.7 km2)
 • Land 36.2 sq mi (93.7 km2)
 • Water 3.9 sq mi (10.0 km2)
Elevation 203 ft (62 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 11,319
 • Density 313/sq mi (120.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 12504, 12507, 12571
Area code(s) 845
FIPS code 36-60905
GNIS feature ID 0979411

Red Hook is a town in Dutchess County, New York, United States. The population was 11,319 at the 2010 census. The name is supposedly derived from the red foliage on trees on a small strip of land on the Hudson River. The town contains two villages, Red Hook and Tivoli. The town is in the northwest part of Dutchess County. U.S. Route 9 and State Route 9G pass through the town.

The town also contains two hamlets. Bard College is in the hamlet of Annandale-on-Hudson. The Unification Theological Seminary is in the hamlet of Barrytown. Both hamlets are located within the Hudson River Historic District.

History

The region was settled in the late 17th century under the Schuyler Patent. Prior to 1812, Red Hook was part of the town of Rhinebeck. Because Rhinebeck, as well other towns, had populations over 5,000 residents, the state legislature authorized the separation of these two precincts on June 12 to accommodate and encourage public attendance at town meetings via horseback or carriage. The first documented Town of Red Hook meeting was on April 6, 1813, in a local inn and held yearly afterwards as required by law. Wealthy landowning farmers oversaw the maintenance of their assigned roads with the help of their farm workers and neighbors. The Red Hook Society for the Apprehension and Detention of Horse Thieves is thought to be one of the oldest formal organizations in the state and still holds an annual meeting.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 40.0 square miles (103.7 km2), of which 36.2 square miles (93.7 km2) is land and 3.9 square miles (10.0 km2), or 9.67%, is water.

The north town line is the border of Columbia County. The west town line is the border of Ulster County and is defined by center of the Hudson River.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 2,714
1830 2,983 9.9%
1840 2,829 −5.2%
1850 3,264 15.4%
1860 3,964 21.4%
1870 4,350 9.7%
1880 4,471 2.8%
1890 4,388 −1.9%
1900 3,895 −11.2%
1910 3,705 −4.9%
1920 3,218 −13.1%
1930 3,404 5.8%
1940 3,405 0.0%
1950 4,219 23.9%
1960 6,023 42.8%
1970 7,548 25.3%
1980 8,351 10.6%
1990 9,565 14.5%
2000 10,408 8.8%
2010 11,319 8.8%
Est. 2014 11,263 −0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 10,408 people, 3,574 households, and 2,473 families residing in the town. The population density was 283.6 people per square mile (109.5/km²). There were 3,840 housing units at an average density of 104.6 per square mile (40.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.20% White, 1.44% African American (U.S. Census)African American, 0.08% Native American, 2.08% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.65% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.65% of the population.

There were 3,574 households out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.5% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.8% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the town, the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 15.0% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $46,701, and the median income for a family was $57,950. Males had a median income of $42,099 versus $26,694 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,410. About 5.0% of families and 8.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in the Town of Red Hook

Red Hook, NY, town hall
Town hall
  • Annandale-on-Hudson: A hamlet in the northwest part of the town by the Hudson River. Because this community does not have a well-developed business district, students of Bard College often use the Villages of Tivoli and downtown Red Hook as "college towns."
  • Barrytown: A hamlet south of Annandale-on-Hudson. The north junction of NY 9G and NY 199 is known as Barrytown Corners.
  • Cokertown: A hamlet in the northeast part of the town, located on County Route 56.
  • College Park: A housing development east of Bard College.
  • Forest Park: A housing development in the south part of the town.
  • Fraleighs: A hamlet in the eastern part of the town.
  • Kerleys Corners: A hamlet near the north town line at the junction of US 9 and County Route 78.
  • Linden Acres: A housing development northwest of Red Hook village.
  • Red Hook: The Village of Red Hook.
  • Red Hook Mills: A hamlet north of Red Hook village.
  • Spring Lakes: A small hamlet along County Route 55.
  • Tivoli: The Village of Tivoli is in the northwest part of the town by the Hudson River. The West side of NY 9G is Tivoli, while the east is still considered the town of Red Hook.
  • Upper Red Hook: A hamlet north of Red Hook village.

Transportation

Airport

Sky Park Airport is a public use general aviation facility located two nautical miles (4 km) east of Red Hook's central business district.

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