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Robert Schwarz Strauss
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United States Ambassador to Russia
In office
December 26, 1991 – November 19, 1992
President George H. W. Bush
Preceded by Himself as Ambassador to the Soviet Union
Succeeded by Thomas Pickering
United States Ambassador to the Soviet Union
In office
August 2, 1991 – December 26, 1991
President George H. W. Bush
Preceded by Jack Matlock
Succeeded by Himself as Ambassador to Russia
Special Envoy for the Middle East
In office
May 4, 1979 – November 25, 1979
President Jimmy Carter
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Sol Linowitz
United States Trade Representative
In office
March 29, 1977 – August 17, 1979
President Jimmy Carter
Preceded by Frederick Dent
Succeeded by Reubin Askew
Chairperson of the Democratic National Committee
In office
December 9, 1972 – January 21, 1977
Preceded by Jean Westwood
Succeeded by Kenneth Curtis
Personal details
Born (1918-10-19)October 19, 1918
Lockhart, Texas, U.S.
Died March 19, 2014(2014-03-19) (aged 95)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Political party Democratic Party
Alma mater University of Texas, Austin

Robert Schwarz Strauss (October 19, 1918 – March 19, 2014) was an American politician and diplomat. He served as the Chairman of the Democratic National Committee between 1972 and 1977 and served under President Jimmy Carter as the U.S. Trade Representative and special envoy to the Middle East.

Strauss was selected by President George H. W. Bush to be the U.S. ambassador to the Soviet Union in 1991 and after the USSR's collapse, he served as the U.S. ambassador to Russia from 1991 until 1993. Strauss has advised and represented U.S. presidents over three administrations and for both major U.S. political parties.

Strauss died from natural causes in Washington, D.C., aged 95.

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