Sequim, Washington facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
John Wayne Marina in Sequim
|• Total||6.40 sq mi (16.58 km2)|
|• Land||6.32 sq mi (16.37 km2)|
|• Water||0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)|
|Elevation||184 ft (56 m)|
| • Estimate
|• Density||1,209.05/sq mi (466.82/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (Pacific (PST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1531505|
|Website||City of Sequim|
Sequim lies within the rain shadow of the Olympic Mountains and receives on average less than 16 inches (410 mm) of rain per year – about the same as Los Angeles, California – leading it to give itself the nickname of Sunny Sequim. However, the city is relatively close to some of the wettest temperate rainforests of the contiguous United States. This climate anomaly is sometimes called the "Blue Hole of Sequim". Fogs and cool breezes from the Juan de Fuca Strait make Sequim's climate more humid than would be expected from the low average annual precipitation. Some places have surprisingly luxuriant forests dominated by Douglas-fir and western red cedar. Black cottonwood, red alder, bigleaf maple, Pacific madrone, lodgepole pine, and Garry oak can also be large. Historically, much of the area was an open oak-studded prairie supported by somewhat excessively drained gravelly sandy loam soil, though agriculture and development of the Dungeness valley have changed this ecosystem. Most soils under Sequim have been placed in a series that is named after the city. This "Sequim series" is one of the few Mollisols in western Washington and its high base saturation, a characteristic of the Mollisol order, is attributed to the minimal leaching of bases caused by low annual rainfall.
The city and the surrounding area are particularly known for the commercial cultivation of lavender, supported by the unique climate. It makes Sequim the "Lavender Capital of North America", rivaled only in France. The area is also known for its Dungeness crab.
Sequim is pronounced as one syllable, with the e elided: "skwim". The name developed from the Klallam language.
Sequim's sister city is Shiso, Hyōgo, Japan. Sequim and Shiso have an exchange student program set up through Sequim High School and Sequim Middle School.
Fossils discovered in the late 1970s at a dig known as the Manis Mastodon Site, near Sequim, by Carl Gustafson, an archaeologist at Washington State University included a mastodon bone with an embedded bone point, evidencing the presence of hunters in the area about 14,000 years ago. According to Michael R. Waters, an archaeologist at Texas A&M University, this discovery is the first hunting weapon found that dates to the pre-Clovis period.
The S'Klallam tribe had inhabited the region prior to the arrival of the first Europeans. S'Klallam means "the strong people". The band of S'Klallam Indians disbanded into their own individual federally recognized tribes in the early 1900s. The local Tribe is the Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe named after one of their early leaders, Lord James Balch. According to other tales the town Sequim in S'Klallam means "a place for going to shoot" which represents the abundance of game and wildlife of the area. Both Manuel Quimper and George Vancouver explored the region's coast in the 1790s.
First European settlers
The first European settlers arrived in the Dungeness Valley in the 1850s, settling nearby Dungeness, Washington. While the lands along the river became fertile farmlands, the remainder of the area remained arid prairie, known as "the desert". Irrigation canals first brought water to the prairie in the 1890s, allowing the expansion of farmlands.
Sequim was officially incorporated on October 31, 1913. For many decades small farms, mostly dairy farms, dotted the area around the small town. Near the end of World War I, Sequim became a stop for a railway which passed through from Port Angeles to Port Townsend, built primarily to carry wood products from the forests of the western Olympic Peninsula.
Sequim has held its Irrigation Festival every May since 1895. As of 2016[update], it is the longest continuously running festival in the state and is in its 121st year.
- Sequim is home to a herd of Roosevelt elk, one attraction to the area. The herd occasionally crosses US 101 just to the southeast of the town. Radio collars on some members of the herd trigger warning lights for motorists.
- Over the past two decades, Sequim has become famous for growing lavender and holds the Sequim Lavender Weekend (always the third weekend in July).
- The Museum and Arts Center features both natural and cultural exhibits including a mastodon mural mounted with the remaining mastodons bones, artifacts, and a video on the excavation.
- The Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge is located just north of the city, near the mouth of the Dungeness River. It includes Dungeness Spit and a five-mile hike to the New Dungeness Lighthouse at the end of the spit.
- To the east along Highway 101 is Sequim Bay, a 4-mile long inlet from the Strait of Juan de Fuca. Along the western stretch is the Sequim Bay State Park. The inlet is a popular bird watching area.
- To the west off Highway 101 along the Strait of Juan de Fuca is a west coast replica of George Washington's home, the George Washington Inn.
Sequim is located at(48.078002, -123.101427).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.37 square miles (16.50 km2), of which, 6.31 square miles (16.34 km2) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) is water.
Sequim experiences a mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csb), sometimes classified as an oceanic climate owing to the relatively cool temperatures. Despite its low rainfall, extreme summer temperatures are marginally more moderate than nearby extremely wet towns like Forks, owing to the coastal fog. Winters are mostly mild with very little snowfall. Many years there is no snow at all. The highest temperature recorded in Sequim was 99 °F (37.2 °C) on 16 July 1941, and the lowest −3 °F (−19.4 °C) on 19 January 1935.
|Climate data for Sequim|
|Record high °F (°C)||62
|Average high °F (°C)||46.6
|Average low °F (°C)||31.2
|Record low °F (°C)||−3
|Precipitation inches (mm)||2.09
|Snowfall inches (cm)||2.31
|Avg. precipitation days||15||11||11||9||8||7||4||5||7||10||14||16||118|
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2010, there were 6,606 people (2020 US Census = 8024) 3,340 households, and 1,626 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,046.9 inhabitants per square mile (404.2/km2). There were 3,767 housing units at an average density of 597.0 per square mile (230.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.3% (2020=86.7%) White, 0.4% (2020=1.9%0 African American, 1.2% Native American, 1.9% (2020=3.1%) Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.7% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 4.8% (2020=8.5%) of the population.
[Note: The U.S. Postal Service delivers to 28,000+ people within Sequim's zip code, 98382 (2020=30,000+). 2/3 of these postal patrons live outside the Sequim city limits in Clallam County.]
There were 3,340 households, of which 17.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.5% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 51.3% were non-families. 45.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 29.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.87 and the average family size was 2.57.
The median age in the city was 57.9 years. 15.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 15.9% were from 25 to 44; 22.1% were from 45 to 64; and 40.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 44.4% male and 55.6% female.
The Sequim School District served a population of almost 29,000 as of 2018. It is home to the following schools:
- Sequim High School
- Sequim Middle School
- Olympic Peninsula Academy
- Helen Haller Elementary
- Greywolf Elementary
- Five Acre School
- Richard B. Anderson, World War II soldier, posthumous Medal of Honor recipient
- Princess Marie-Christine of Belgium, daughter of the late Belgian King Leopold III of Belgium and aunt of the current Monarch of Belgium, King Filip
- Bailey Bryan, country music artist
- Matthew Dryke, two-time world champion skeet shooter and Olympic gold medalist
- Dorothy Eck, Montana politician
- Hal Keller, baseball player and executive
- Donald M. Kendall, former CEO PepsiCo and political adviser
- Robbie Knievel, daredevil and stunt performer
- Jesse Marunde, 2005 World's Strongest Man runner-up
- James Henry McCourt, Wisconsin politician
- Pauline Moore, actress
- Andrew Nisbet, Jr., member of the Washington House of Representatives and Army officer
- Joe Rantz, rower and Olympic gold medalist; depicted in the book Boys in the Boat
- Jennifer Thomas, classical pianist, violinist, composer, and recording artist
- Leo Sampson Goolden, YouTuber, sailor and shipwright. Forced out of town by zoning and bureaucracy while restoring the classic yacht TALLY HO.
Sequim, Washington Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.