Vienna, Virginia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Vienna, Virginia
Town
Street scene in Vienna
Street scene in Vienna
Official seal of Vienna, Virginia
Seal
Location of Vienna in Fairfax County, Virginia
Location of Vienna in Fairfax County, Virginia
Country United States
State Virginia
County Fairfax
Incorporated 1890
Settled 1754
Area
 • Total 4.4 sq mi (11.5 km2)
 • Land 4.4 sq mi (11.5 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 358 ft (109 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 15,687
 • Density 3,570/sq mi (1,364/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 22180-22183, 22185
Area code(s) 571 and 703
FIPS code 51-81072
GNIS feature ID 1500258
Website www.viennava.gov

Vienna is a town in Fairfax County, Virginia, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, it had a population of 15,687. Significantly more people live in ZIP codes with the Vienna postal addresses (22180, 22181, and 22182) bordered approximately by Interstate 66 on the south, Interstate 495 on the east, Route 7 to the north, and Hunter Mill road.

In August 2013, CNN/Money and Money magazine ranked Vienna, VA third on its list of the 100 best places to live in the United States. In addition to highly ranked public schools, its assets include a downtown with many small businesses, a Washington Metro station with large parking garages (the western terminus of the Orange Line) just south of the town, and a portion of the Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Regional Park hiker/biker trail cutting through the center of the town. Tysons Corner, a residential, commercial and shopping district, is nearby, as is Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts.

History

Vienna, VA 22180, USA - panoramio - Idawriter
War memorial in Vienna

Non-native settlement in the region dates to ca. 1740. In 1754, prominent soldier and land owner Colonel Charles Broadwater settled within the town boundaries. Broadwater's son-in-law, John Hunter built the first recorded house there in 1767, naming it Ayr Hill (recalling his birthplace, Ayr, Scotland.) That name was subsequently applied to the tiny, developing community. The name of the town was changed in the 1850s, when a doctor named William Hendrick settled there on the condition that the town would rename itself after his hometown, Phelps, New York, then known as Vienna.

On June 17, 1861 a relatively minor but widely noted military engagement occurred there, the Battle of Vienna, one of the earliest armed clashes of the Civil War. A would-be Union occupation unit under Brig. Gen. Robert C. Schenck approached Vienna from the east by train but was ambushed and forced to retreat by a superior Confederate force led by Colonel Maxcy Gregg. Today, several historical markers in Vienna detail its Civil War history.

The First Baptist Church of Vienna was founded in 1867, and the original church structure was built using Union Army barracks lumber obtained through the Freedmen's Bureau. This church building was also the town's first black public school. The first white public school was built in 1872. A permanent black elementary school was built, which was later named for its long-time principal, Louise Archer. Fairfax County Schools were completely desegregated by the Fall of 1965.

Robert Hanssen was arrested in Vienna in 2001 for spying for the Russian intelligence service (and previously the KGB). His home was outside the town but had a Vienna mailing address. He used dead drops in nearby Foxstone Park to deliver U.S. government secrets to his handlers, and to collect cash or diamonds in exchange. Hanssen was sentenced that year to serve multiple life terms in prison.

Geography

Vienna postal area and city limits
The Vienna, VA postal area (pink) compared to the town limits (red).

Vienna is located at Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:mw' not found. (38.8991, −77.2607), at an elevation of 358 feet (109 meters). It lies in the Piedmont approximately 5.5 miles (8.9 km) southwest of the Potomac River. Wolftrap Creek, a tributary of nearby Difficult Run, flows north from its source in the eastern part of town. The Bear Branch of Accotink Creek, a Potomac tributary, flows south from its source in the southern part of town. Located in Northern Virginia on Interstate 66, Vienna is 12 miles (19 km) west of Washington, D.C. and 2 miles (3.2 km) northeast of Fairfax, the county seat.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.4 square miles (11.5 km²), all of it land. As a suburb of Washington, D.C., Vienna is a part of both the Washington Metropolitan Area and the larger Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area. It is bordered on all sides by other Washington suburbs, including: Wolf Trap to the north, Tysons Corner to the northeast, Dunn Loring to the east, Merrifield to the south, and Oakton to the west. These communities are unincorporated, and portions of them lie in ZIP codes with Vienna postal addresses despite lying outside the town's borders.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 136
1900 317
1910 578 82.3%
1920 773 33.7%
1930 903 16.8%
1940 1,237 37.0%
1950 2,029 64.0%
1960 11,440 463.8%
1970 17,146 49.9%
1980 15,469 −9.8%
1990 14,852 −4.0%
2000 14,453 −2.7%
2010 15,687 8.5%
Est. 2015 16,522 5.3%
* U.S. Decennial Census

As of the 2010 census, there were 15,687 people, 5,528 households, and 4,215 families residing in the town. The population density was 3,565.2 per square mile (1,376.5/km²). There were 5,686 housing units at an average density of 1,292.3 per square mile (494.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 75.5% White, 12.1% Asian, 3.2% African American, 0.3% Native American, 5.3% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.0% of the population.

There were 5,528 households out of which 39.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.4% were married couples living together, 3.7% had a male householder with no wife present, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.8% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84, and the average family size was 3.19.

In the town, the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 30.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males age 18 and over.

As of 2009, the median income for a household in the town was $113,817, and the median income for a family was $124,895. Males had a median income of $88,355 versus $66,642 for females. The per capita income for the town was $49,544. About 3.7% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.5% of those under age 18 and 2.9% of those age 65 or over.

Points of interest

  • Freeman Store and Museum (Vienna, Virginia)
  • Jammin' Java coffeehouse and music club
  • Meadowlark Botanical Gardens
  • The Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection
  • Terrorist Screening Center
  • Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts (located in the CDP of Wolf Trap, Virginia)
  • Covance#Vienna, Virginia, United States
  • Great Falls Park, Virginia, United States

Vienna, Virginia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.