37th G8 summit facts for kids
The Deauville summit of the Group of Eight (G8) was the 37th meeting in a series which began in 1976.
Previous G8 summits have been hosted by France at Rambouillet (1975); Versailles (1982); Paris (1989); Lyon (1996); and Évian-les-Bains (2003).
The G8 and the summit are part of a consultation process. The G8 is not an international organization. It is an informal group.
|Core G8 members
Host nation and leader are indicated in bold text.
|Canada||Stephen Harper||Prime Minister|
|Italy||Silvio Berlusconi||Prime Minister|
|Japan||Naoto Kan||Prime Minister|
|United Kingdom||David Cameron||Prime Minister|
|United States||Barack Obama||President|
|European Commission||Jose Manuel Barroso||President|
|European Council||Herman Van Rompuy||President|
Other national leaders are traditionally invited to attend the summit. They participate in some, but not all, G8 summit activities. African leaders who came to Deauville included:
- Algeria Abdelaziz Bouteflika, President
- Egypt Essam Sharaf, Prime Minister
- Ethiopia Meles Zenawi, Prime Minister
- Equatorial Guinea Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, President
- Senegal Abdoulaye Wade, President
- South Africa Jacob Zuma, President
- Tunisia Beji Caid el Sebsi, Prime Minister
Also invited were:
- Arab League Amr Moussa, Chairman
- African Union (AU) Jean Ping, Chairman
- New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD)
- United Nations Ban Ki-moon, Secretary-General
Schedule and Agenda
Traditionally, the host country of the G8 summit sets the agenda. French general priorities included peace and security.
Discussions included some issues which remained unresolved from previous summits.
Some of the specific topics on the agenda were:
- G8 + Broader Middle East and North Africa (BMENA);
- The Internet: new challenges
- Non-proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction
- The G8's Partnership with Africa
- Transatlantic Cocaine Trafficking
- G8 political and security issues
World events caused the list of topics to grow, including
- Fukushima nuclear accident
- European debt crisis
- Selection of a new managing director for the International Monetary Fund
Protesters and demonstrations
Protest groups and others organized public events. In these demonstrations, the slogan G8 dégage ("G8 Go Away") was notable.
The demonstrators are widely understood to be against globalisation.
According to the Mayor of Deauville, "Our main interest is the economic implications."
For some, the G8 summit became a profit-generating event. For example, the G8 Summit magazines have been published under the auspices of the host nations for distribution to all attendees since 1998.
37th G8 summit Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.