An Academy Award statue
|Awarded for||Excellence in movies|
|Presented by||Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences|
|First awarded||May 16, 1929|
The Academy Awards, commonly known as the Oscars, are the best-known movie awards in the United States. The awards have been given by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences since 1929. The awards ceremony takes place each year in late February or early March in Hollywood, California.
In the first years of the award, the trophy was called Academy Award of Merit. The origin of the name Oscar is not clear, it is certain, that the name was used in 1931.
It is said that Oscar is not the official name of the statue. But the nickname is trademark-protected. The statue is 13 ½ inches tall and weighs 8½ pounds.
- Best Picture – since 1928
- Best Actor – since 1928
- Best Actress –since 1928
- Best Supporting Actor – since 1936
- Best Supporting Actress – since 1936
- Best Animated Feature – since 2001
- Best Art Direction – since 1928(also called Interior or Set Decoration)
- Best Cinematography – since 1928
- Costume Design – since 1948
- Directing since 1928
- Documentary Feature since 1943
- Documentary Short Subject since 1941
- Film Editing – since 1935
- Best Foreign Language Film – since 1947
- Makeup – since 1981
- Original Music Score- since 1934
- Best Song- since 1934
- Animated Short Film – since 1931
- Live Action Short Film since 1931
- Academy Award for Sound Mixing since 1930
- Best Sound Effects Editing – since 1963
- Best Visual Effects – since 1939
- Best Writing Adapted Screenplay – since 1928
- Best Writing Original Screenplay – since 1940
- Academy Award, Scientific or Technical – since 1931presented at three levels
- Best Assistant Director – 1933 to 1937
- Best Dance Direction – 1935 to 1937
- Comedy Direction – 1928 only
- Engineering Effects – 1928 only
- Academy Award for Best Original Music or Comedy Score - 1995-1999
- Academy Award for Best Original Story – 1928 to 1956
- Academy Award for Best Score- Adaptation or Treatment – 1962 to 1962 and 1973
- Best Short Film - Color – 1936 and 1937
- Best Short Film - Live Action - 2 Reels – 1936 to 1956
- Short Film - Novelty – 1932 to 1935
- Best Title Writing – 1928 only
- Unique and Artistic Production – 1928 only
Gone with the Wind from the year 1939 was the most successful film for a long time with ten Oscars. In 1960 the movie Ben-Hur won eleven Oscars. In 1998 Titanic also won eleven Oscars. Six years later, The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King won eleven Oscars.
The five categories best picture, best director, best actor, best actress and best Original Screenplay are the most important categories and they are called the Big Five. There are only three films that won all these categories: It Happened One Night, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest and The Silence of the Lambs.
All About Eve and Titanic had 14 nominations. This is the nomination record.
The most successful filmworkers
Katharine Hepburn (1907–2003) has the most awards as a performer. She received 4 Oscars in the category best actress.
Jack Nicholson also has a nomination record (12 nominations).
The person, who has the most Academy Awards is Walt Disney (1901–1966) with 26, including 4 Honorary Oscars and he has 37 nominations. He also won 4 awards in 1954, he received the most awards in one year.
The woman, who has the most Oscars is the costume designer Edith Head (1897–1981), she has 8 Oscars and 27 nominations. The people who have the most Oscars and are still living are the composer Alan Menken (8 Oscars) and Dennis Muren with 8 Oscars and the cartoon characters Tom and Jerry who have the most awards.
Images for kids
Academy Awards Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.