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Anselm of Canterbury facts for kids

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Saint Anselm of Canterbury
Archbishop of Canterbury
Anselm depicted in his personal seal
Church Catholic Church
Archdiocese Canterbury
See Canterbury
Appointed 1093
Reign ended 21 April 1109
Predecessor Lanfranc
Successor Ralph d'Escures
Other posts Abbot of Bec
Consecration 4 December 1093
Personal details
Birth name Anselmo d'Aosta
Born c. 1033
Aosta, Arles, Holy Roman Empire
Died 21 April 1109
Canterbury, England
Buried Canterbury Cathedral
Parents Gundulph
Occupation Monk, prior, abbot, archbishop
Feast day 21 April
Venerated in Catholic Church
Anglican Communion
Title as Saint Bishop, Confessor, Doctor of the Church
(Doctor Magnificus)
Canonized 1163
by Pope Alexander III
Attributes His mitre, pallium, and crozier
His books
A ship, representing the spiritual independence of the Church. Beginning at Bec, Anselm composed dialogues and treatises with a rational and philosophical approach, sometimes causing him to be credited as the founder of Scholasticism. Despite his lack of recognition in this field in his own time, Anselm is now famed as the originator of the ontological argument for the existence of God and of the satisfaction theory of atonement. He was proclaimed a Doctor of the Church by a bull of Pope Clement XI in 1720.

Anselm of Canterbury ( 1033/4–1109), also called Anselm of Aosta (Italian: Anselmo d'Aosta) after his birthplace and Anselm of Bec (French: Anselme du Bec) after his monastery, was an Italian Benedictine monk, abbot, philosopher and theologian of the Catholic Church, who held the office of Archbishop of Canterbury from 1093 to 1109. After his death, he was canonized as a saint; his feast day is 21 April.

As archbishop, he defended the church's interests in England amid the Investiture Controversy. For his resistance to the English kings William II and Henry I, he was exiled twice: once from 1097 to 1100 and then from 1105 to 1107. While in exile, he helped guide the Greek bishops of southern Italy to adopt Roman rites at the Council of Bari. He worked for the primacy of Canterbury over the bishops of York and Wales but, though at his death he appeared to have been successful, Pope Paschal II later reversed himself and restored York's independence.

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