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Barton County, Missouri facts for kids

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Barton County
Barton County Courthouse in Lamar
Barton County Courthouse in Lamar
Map of Missouri highlighting Barton County
Location within the U.S. state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Missouri
Founded December 12, 1855
Named for David Barton
Seat Lamar
Largest city Lamar
Area
 • Total 597 sq mi (1,550 km2)
 • Land 592 sq mi (1,530 km2)
 • Water 4.8 sq mi (12 km2)  0.8%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 11,637
 • Density 19.492/sq mi (7.526/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 4th

Barton County is a county located in the southwestern part of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2020 census, the population was 11,637. Its county seat is Lamar. The county was organized in 1855 and named after U.S. Senator David Barton from Missouri.

President Harry S. Truman was born in Barton County in 1884. The female bandit, Little Britches, was born in Barton County in 1879.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 597 square miles (1,550 km2), of which 592 square miles (1,530 km2) is land and 4.8 square miles (12 km2) (0.8%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Airport

Lamar Municipal Airport (LLU) serves the county and surrounding communities.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,817
1870 4,285 135.8%
1880 10,332 141.1%
1890 18,504 79.1%
1900 18,253 −1.4%
1910 16,747 −8.3%
1920 16,879 0.8%
1930 14,560 −13.7%
1940 14,148 −2.8%
1950 12,678 −10.4%
1960 11,113 −12.3%
1970 10,431 −6.1%
1980 11,292 8.3%
1990 11,312 0.2%
2000 12,541 10.9%
2010 12,402 −1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015

As of the census of 2000, there were 12,541 people, 4,895 households, and 3,441 families residing in the county. The population density was 21 people per square mile (8/km2). There were 5,409 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.93% White, 0.29% Black or African American, 0.83% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. 0.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,895 households, out of which 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.10% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.70% were non-families. 26.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.50% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 26.10% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 16.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,275, and the median income for a family was $35,638. Males had a median income of $25,254 versus $19,663 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,987. About 11.00% of families and 13.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.90% of those under age 18 and 16.80% of those age 65 or over.

Religion

According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report (2010), Barton County is regarded as a part of the Bible Belt, with evangelical Protestantism being the most predominant religion. The most predominant denominations among residents in Barton County who adhere to a religion are Southern Baptists (29.18%), United Methodists (26.59%), and Christian Churches and Churches of Christ (12.96%).

Communities

Cities

Villages

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated places

Townships

Barton County is divided into fifteen townships:

  • Barton City
  • Central
  • City
  • Doylesport
  • Golden City
  • Lamar
  • Leroy
  • Milford
  • Nashville
  • Newport
  • Northfork
  • Ozark
  • Richland
  • South West
  • Union

Education

Public schools

    • Liberal Elementary School (PK-05)
    • Liberal Middle School (06-08)
    • Liberal High School (09-12)
    • Lamar East Primary School (K-02)
    • Lamar Elementary School (03-05)
    • Lamar Middle School (06-08)
    • Lamar High School (09-12)
  • Golden City R-III School District - Golden City
    • Golden City Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Golden City High School (07-12)

Public libraries

  • Barton County Library
  • Sheldon City Library

Notable people

Harry S Truman Birthplace SHS 20150715-8218
Birthplace of Harry S. Truman in Lamar
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