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Burnet County, Texas facts for kids

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Burnet County
The Burnet County Courthouse in Burnet
Map of Texas highlighting Burnet County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1854
Named for David Gouverneur Burnet
Seat Burnet
Largest city Marble Falls
 • Total 1,021 sq mi (2,640 km2)
 • Land 994 sq mi (2,570 km2)
 • Water 27 sq mi (70 km2)  2.6%
 • Total 49,130
 • Density 48.119/sq mi (18.579/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 25th
Veterans Monument, Burnet, TX IMG 1982
Veterans Memorial at Burnet County courthouse
Rolling highway west of Burnet County, TX IMG 2010
Rolling highway in Burnet County in Texas Hill Country toward Longhorn Cavern State Park

Burnet County ( BUR-nit) is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, the population was 49,130. Its county seat is Burnet. The county was founded in 1852 and later organized in 1854. It is named for David Gouverneur Burnet, the first (provisional) president of the Republic of Texas. The name of the county is pronounced with the emphasis or accent on the first syllable, just as is the case with its namesake.


Indigenous peoples inhabit the area as early as 4500 B.C. Later known tribes in the area include Tonkawa, Lipan Apache and Comanche.

During the 1820s-1830s Stephen F. Austin and Green DeWitt surveying and Indian fighting explorations. In 1849 the United States established Fort Croghan and in 1848 First settlers arrived in the county, Samuel Eli Holland, Logan Vandeveer, Peter Kerr, William Harrison Magill, Noah Smithwick, Captain Jesse B. Burnham, R. H. Hall, Adam Rankin "Stovepipe" Johnson and Captain Christian Dorbandt. In 1851 Twenty Mormon families under the leadership of Lyman Wight establish a colony at Hamilton Creek, later to be known as Morman Mill.

In 1852 the Fourth Texas Legislature created Burnet County from Bell, Travis and Williamson. The first post office was established at Hamilton in 1853.

In 1860 there were 235 slaves in Burnet County

After the war some former slaves left the county, but many stayed. A group of them settled on land in the eastern part of Oatmeal. In 1870 the black population of the county had increased to 358, keeping pace with the growth of the total number of residents; the number of blacks had fallen to 248 by 1880, however, and the number of new white residents was such that after 1890, blacks represented less than 3 percent of the total population. Some found work on farms and ranches, but by the turn of the century many had moved into the Marble Falls area to work in town.

During 1882-1903 railroad tracks connected Burnet, Granite Mountain, Marble Falls and Lampasas. Lake Victor and Bertram became shipping point communities. Other communities lost population as the railroad offered employment. During the Great Depression county farmers suffered financially but found work with government sponsored public-works projects. The Lower Colorado River Authority employed hundreds of people for the construction of the Hamilton (Buchanan) Dam and Roy B. Inks Dam.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,021 square miles (2,640 km2), of which 994 square miles (2,570 km2) is land and 27 square miles (70 km2) (2.6%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 183.svg U.S. Highway 183
  • US 281.svg U.S. Highway 281
  • Texas 29.svg State Highway 29

Adjacent counties

National protected area


Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 2,487
1870 3,688 48.3%
1880 6,855 85.9%
1890 10,747 56.8%
1900 10,528 −2.0%
1910 10,755 2.2%
1920 9,499 −11.7%
1930 10,355 9.0%
1940 10,771 4.0%
1950 10,356 −3.9%
1960 9,265 −10.5%
1970 11,420 23.3%
1980 17,803 55.9%
1990 22,677 27.4%
2000 34,147 50.6%
2010 42,750 25.2%
2020 49,130 14.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010 2020

2020 census

Burnet County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 32,530 34,810 76.09% 70.85%
Black or African American alone (NH) 700 579 1.64% 1.18%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 169 183 0.40% 0.37%
Asian alone (NH) 198 424 0.46% 0.86%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 13 14 0.03% 0.03%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 44 147 0.10% 0.30%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 444 1,774 1.04% 3.61%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 8,652 11,199 20.24% 22.79%
Total 42,750 49,130 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

As of the census of 2020, there were 49,130 people and 16,743 households residing in the county. (The remaining data that follows in this section is outdated. The Census 2020 data for the following demographics have not yet been released.) The population density was 34 people/sq mi (13/km2). The 15,933 housing units averaged 16/sq mi (6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 89.64% White, 1.52% African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 6.30% from other races, and 1.58% from two or more races. About 14.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 16,743 households, 30.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.50% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.40% were not families. About 22.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53, and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the age distribution was 24.50% under 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,921, and for a family was $43,871. Males had a median income of $30,255 versus $20,908 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,850. About 7.90% of families and 10.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.50% of those under age 18 and 7.90% of those age 65 or over.



Unincorporated communities

Notable people

  • Adam R. "Stovepipe" Johnson, Confederate general and the 1887 founder of Marble Falls, despite being blinded during the war.
  • Gerald Lyda (1923–2005), general contractor and cattle rancher, born and raised in Burnet County.
  • Stephen McGee (born September 27, 1985), former American football quarterback. Played college football for Texas A&M. Drafted and played NFL football for the Dallas Cowboys.
  • James Oakley, former County Commissioner (1998–2005) and County Judge (2015–Present)
  • Logan Vandeveer, early Texas soldier, ranger, cattleman and civic leader. Vandeveer was a leader in presenting the petition to the legislature in 1852 to establish Burnet County and was instrumental in having the town of Burnet named the county seat.
  • Al Witcher (born 1936), American football player
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