Cape Canaveral, Florida facts for kids

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Cape Canaveral, Florida
City
City of Cape Canaveral
Cape Canaveral City Hall
Cape Canaveral City Hall
Official seal of Cape Canaveral, Florida
Seal
Location in Brevard County and the state of Florida
Location in Brevard County and the state of Florida
Country  United States of America
State  Florida
County Flag of Brevard County, Florida.png Brevard
Incorporated 1963
Area
 • City 2.3 sq mi (6 km2)
 • Land 2.3 sq mi (6 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 10 ft (3 m)
Population (2010)
 • City 9,912
 • Density 4,310/sq mi (1,650/km2)
 • Metro 543,376
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 32920
Area code(s) 321
FIPS code 12-10250
GNIS feature ID 0279995
Website www.CityOfCapeCanaveral.org

Cape Canaveral is a city in Brevard County, Florida. The population was 9,912 at the 2010 United States Census. It is part of the Palm BayMelbourneTitusville Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

After the establishment of a lighthouse in 1848, a few families moved into the area and a small but stable settlement was born. As the threat of Seminole Indian attacks became increasingly unlikely, other settlers began to move into the area around the Indian River. Post offices and small community stores with postal facilities were established at Canaveral, Canaveral Harbor and Artesia. It is thought the Artesia post office was so named for the ground water of artesian springs that are prevalent in the area.

In 1890 a group of Harvard Alumni students established a hunters gun club called the Canaveral Harvard Club with a holding of over 18,000 acres (7,300 ha). Their game hunts helped clear the wilderness for other settlers to move in.

In the early 1920s, a group of Orlando journalists invested more than $150,000 in the beach acreage that now encompasses the area of presidentially-named streets in Cape Canaveral. They called their development Journalista (now Avon-by-the-Sea) in honor of their trade. A wooden bridge linking Merritt Island with the area had just been constructed. The developers anticipated a growing number of seasonal visitors.

At that time, fishermen, retirees, and descendants of Captain Mills Burnham —the original official keeper of the Cape Canaveral Light—resided in the northern part of the present city.

Due to the hardships caused by the Great Depression, many investors defaulted on their holdings. Much of this land was recovered by newspaper owner R.B. Brossier and his son, Dickson, after they sold their Orlando home and used the remaining $4,500 to purchase much of the Avon area. It was their dream that a port would be developed and a direct route to Orlando would be constructed.

In the 1930s, archaeologists from Yale University surveyed various Native American sites in the area.

In 1951, anthropologist Irvine Rouse of Yale University visited the area and performed research.

By 1958 the workforce and the economy had grown with the space program. At that time, state statute allowed an adjacent city to annex an unincorporated area without a vote of the residents. Local property owners were concerned that Cocoa Beach might annex them. Landowners felt that Cocoa Beach had more city debt and higher land taxes than they wished to support.

The City of Cape Canaveral started in 1961 when a committee was formed to incorporate. Due to paperwork delays the city charter was made into bill 167 and approved by the Florida State Legislature in Tallahassee on May 16, 1963.

In 1967, the annual Sun and Space Festival was started. It had flyovers and a parade that included a stop at the newly opened Museum of Sunken Treasure. This contained artifacts from the 1715 Treasure Fleet.

An annual celebration was started on October 9, 1990, The Patriot's Day Parade in honor of the last naval battle of the American Revolution that was fought off the Cape Canaveral coast in 1783.

In 2012, the city started celebrating its 50th year since incorporation. At a Heritage Day even in March 2013 part of the festivities included author Jay Barbreewho delivered an oral history of the early days. On the official 50th anniversary date of May 16, 2013 a 50-year time capsule was sealed and a pictorial postmark of the city's anniversary was stamped.

Geography

The city of Cape Canaveral is located on a barrier island on the Atlantic coast of Florida. It is due south of the geographical feature Cape Canaveral. It is separated from the mainland by the Banana River, Merritt Island and the Indian River from east to west.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2). 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.85%) is water.

Climate

Cape Canaveral has a humid subtropical climate, with hot and wet summers, and mild and dry winters. In winter drought can become severe while in late summer and fall tropical cyclones can brush the area. On August 20, 2008, Tropical Storm Fay dropped 20.03 inches (50.9 cm) of rain.

Climate data for Cape Canaveral, Florida
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 89
(31.7)
92
(33.3)
93
(33.9)
97
(36.1)
97
(36.1)
101
(38.3)
102
(38.9)
101
(38.3)
98
(36.7)
96
(35.6)
91
(32.8)
90
(32.2)
102
(38.9)
Average high °F (°C) 71
(21.7)
74
(23.3)
77
(25)
81
(27.2)
86
(30)
89
(31.7)
91
(32.8)
91
(32.8)
88
(31.1)
84
(28.9)
79
(26.1)
73
(22.8)
82
(27.8)
Average low °F (°C) 49
(9.4)
52
(11.1)
55
(12.8)
60
(15.6)
67
(19.4)
72
(22.2)
73
(22.8)
73
(22.8)
73
(22.8)
68
(20)
60
(15.6)
53
(11.7)
62.9
(17.17)
Record low °F (°C) 17
(-8.3)
27
(-2.8)
25
(-3.9)
35
(1.7)
47
(8.3)
55
(12.8)
60
(15.6)
60
(15.6)
57
(13.9)
41
(5)
30
(-1.1)
21
(-6.1)
17
(-8.3)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.27
(57.7)
2.68
(68.1)
3.28
(83.3)
2.13
(54.1)
3.29
(83.6)
6.71
(170.4)
5.96
(151.4)
7.68
(195.1)
7.64
(194.1)
5.06
(128.5)
2.88
(73.2)
2.57
(65.3)
52.15
(1,324.6)
Source: TWC

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1970 4,258
1980 5,733 34.6%
1990 8,014 39.8%
2000 8,829 10.2%
2010 9,912 12.3%
Est. 2015 10,206 3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 8,829 people, 5,066 households, and 2,097 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,788.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,463.0/km²). There were 6,641 housing units at an average density of 2,849.3 per square mile (1,100.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.68% White, 1.43% African American, 0.32% Native American, 1.70% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.42% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. Out of all of which Hispanics or Latinos of constituted 3.48% of the population, regardless of race.

There were 5,066 households out of which 11.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.7% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 58.6% were non-families. 47.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.74 and the average family size was 2.41.

In the city, the population was spread out with 11.3% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 28.8% from 45 to 64, and 23.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 109.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,858, and the median income for a family was $43,109. Males had a median income of $33,571 versus $22,423 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,537. About 9.2% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.7% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.

Sister cities

Beach in Cape Canaveral, Florida
Beach in Cape Canaveral, Florida

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