Titusville, Florida facts for kids

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Titusville, Florida
City
City of Titusville
Historic Brevard County Courthouse in 2006
Historic Brevard County Courthouse in 2006
Official seal of Titusville, Florida
Seal
Nickname(s): "Miracle City"
Motto: "Gateway To Nature And Space"
Location in Brevard County and the U.S. state of Florida
Location in Brevard County and the U.S. state of Florida
Country  United States
State  Florida
County Flag of Brevard County, Florida.png Brevard
Founded 1867; 152 years ago (1867)
Incorporated (city) 1887; 132 years ago (1887)
Founded by Henry T. Titus
Area
 • Total 34.2 sq mi (88.7 km2)
 • Land 29.4 sq mi (76.1 km2)
 • Water 4.9 sq mi (12.7 km2)
Elevation 10 ft (3 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 43,761
 • Density 1,277.8/sq mi (493.36/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 32780, 32781, 32782, 32783, 32796
Area code(s) 321
FIPS code 12-71900
GNIS feature ID 0292319
Website titusville.com

Titusville is a city in and the county seat of Brevard County, Florida, United States. The city's population was 43,761 at the 2010 United States Census. Titusville is on the Indian River, west of Merritt Island and the Kennedy Space Center and south-southwest of the Canaveral National Seashore. It is a principal city of the Palm BayMelbourne–Titusville Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

School & Avenue, Titusville, FL
Washington Avenue c. 1910

The area was once inhabited by the Ais Indians, who gathered palmetto, cocoplum and seagrape berries. They also fished the Indian River, called the Rio de Ais by Spanish explorers. By 1760, however, the tribe had disappeared due to slave raids, disease and rum. The United States acquired Florida from Spain in 1821. The Seminole Wars delayed settlement.

The community was originally called Sand Point, and a post office was established in 1859, although it closed a few months later. Henry T. Titus arrived in 1867 with the intention to build a town on land owned by his wife, Mary Hopkins Titus, daughter of a prominent planter from Darien, Georgia. He laid out roads and in 1870 erected the Titus House, a large one-story hotel next to a saloon. He also donated land for four churches and a courthouse, the latter an effort to get the town designated as county seat.

Titusville could have been called Riceville, but Titus challenged Capt. Clark Rice to a game of dominoes to decide the name. Titus won the game, and Sand Point became Titusville in 1873. The city was incorporated in 1887, the year construction began on St. Gabriel's Episcopal Church, as listed in the 1972 National Register of Historic Places. At one point, Titusville was nicknamed "The City of Churches".

Railroad Depot, Titusville, FL
Railroad depot c. 1905

The Atlantic Coast, St. Johns & Indian River Railroad arrived in 1885 from Enterprise, which was connected by a spur line to the Jacksonville, Tampa & Key West Railroad at Enterprise Junction in present-day DeBary. Henry Flagler extended his Florida East Coast Railroad south from Daytona, with the station built in Titusville in 1892. Tourists arrived, and the Indian River area increasingly became an agricultural and shipping center for pineapple and citrus produce. A wooden bridge was built east to Playalinda Beach in 1922.

Beginning in the late 1950s, the growth of Cape Canaveral, and later the Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, made the community's economy, population and tourism grow considerably. The association with the space program led to the city's two nicknames in the 1960s: Space City USA and Miracle City.

Searstown Mall opened in 1966. Miracle City Mall opened in 1968. It was built on 32 acres (13 ha). There was 275,000 square feet (25,500 m2) of covered floor space.

The jail at the county courthouse became overcrowded by the 1980s. Jailbreaks were common. These ceased when a new jailhouse was built in Sharpes, and the prisoners moved there in 1986.

Computer Shopper was founded in Titusville in 1979 by Glenn Patch, first as a tabloid, but later growing to a magazine of over 800 pages. It was published in Titusville until September 1989, when operations were moved to New York City in a joint venture between Patch Communications of Titusville and Ziff Davis.

The A. Max Brewer Bridge, a 65 feet (20 m) fixed high-level span on SR-406 connecting Titusville to Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge and Canaveral National Seashore, opened on February 5, 2011 to replace the former swing bridge built in 1949.

In May 2012, the Brevard County School Board closed Riverview Elementary School for budgetary reasons. It closed South Lake Elementary School May 25, 2013.

In January 2013, Miracle City Mall closed, a victim of a declining local economy after the termination of the Space Shuttle in 2012, the shift of the population center of the county to the south, and changing shopping habits. Demolition of Miracle City Mall occurred February 2015 for the construction of a mixed-use outdoor shopping complex called Miracle City Towne Centre.

The USPS had closed two post offices by 2013, for lack of sufficient business, and was looking to close a third one.

Geography

Titusville is located at (28.591210, -80.819911) in the northern half of Brevard County. According to the US Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 34.2 square miles (88.7 km2). 29.4 square miles (76.1 km2) of it is land, and 4.9 square miles (12.7 km2) of it (14.26 percent) is water. Titusville is located on the Indian River Lagoon, part of the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway.

Climate

Titusville has as the rest of central Florida a very warm humid subtropical climate with significant influence from the tropics, although the cooler winter lows than farther south separates it from the classification.

Climate data for Titusville, Florida
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 88
(31.1)
92
(33.3)
94
(34.4)
97
(36.1)
102
(38.9)
103
(39.4)
103
(39.4)
102
(38.9)
99
(37.2)
98
(36.7)
93
(33.9)
88
(31.1)
103
(-17.8)
Average high °F (°C) 70
(21.1)
72
(22.2)
77
(25)
81
(27.2)
86
(30)
90
(32.2)
92
(33.3)
91
(32.8)
89
(31.7)
84
(28.9)
78
(25.6)
72
(22.2)
81.8
(27.69)
Average low °F (°C) 50
(10)
53
(11.7)
57
(13.9)
62
(16.7)
68
(20)
73
(22.8)
74
(23.3)
75
(23.9)
74
(23.3)
68
(20)
61
(16.1)
54
(12.2)
64.1
(17.82)
Record low °F (°C) 19
(-7.2)
23
(-5)
26
(-3.3)
35
(1.7)
45
(7.2)
56
(13.3)
61
(16.1)
60
(15.6)
51
(10.6)
40
(4.4)
27
(-2.8)
19
(-7.2)
19
(-17.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.48
(63)
2.79
(70.9)
3.60
(91.4)
2.79
(70.9)
3.66
(93)
6.09
(154.7)
7.03
(178.6)
7.27
(184.7)
6.82
(173.2)
4.29
(109)
3.45
(87.6)
2.52
(64)
52.79
(1,340.9)
Source: "Titusville, FL Monthly Weather". July 2015. https://weather.com/weather/monthly/l/USFL0490:1:US. Retrieved July 24, 2015.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 746
1900 756 1.3%
1910 868 14.8%
1920 1,361 56.8%
1930 2,089 53.5%
1940 2,220 6.3%
1950 2,604 17.3%
1960 6,410 146.2%
1970 30,515 376.1%
1980 31,910 4.6%
1990 39,394 23.5%
2000 40,670 3.2%
2010 43,761 7.6%
Est. 2015 45,393 3.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 40,670 people, 17,200 households, and 11,094 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,913.4 inhabitants per square mile (738.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.80 percent White, 12.64 percent African American, 0.39 percent Native American, 0.94 percent Asian, 0.04 percent Pacific Islander, 0.73 percent from other races, and 1.46 percent from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.52 percent of the population.

There were 17,200 households out of which 26.7 percent had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9 percent were married couples living together, 12.6 percent had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5 percent were non-families. 29.9 percent of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9 percent had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.9 percent under the age of 18, 6.9 percent from 18 to 24, 26.2 percent from 25 to 44, 23.2 percent from 45 to 64, and 20.8 percent who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. In 2010, this had risen to 43.4. For every 100 females there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.

In 2010, for residents 25 and older, 89.3% had completed high school, 22.6% had at least a bachelor's degree.

Transportation

Titusville is served by SCAT's #1, #2, and #5 routes.

Historic sites and museums

STS126indianriver
Titusville was a popular vantage point for Space Shuttle launches (STS-126, 2008).
  • Judge George Robbins House
  • North Brevard Historical Museum
  • Pritchard House
  • St. Gabriel's Episcopal Church
  • Spell House
  • Titusville Commercial District
  • American Police Hall of Fame & Museum
  • United States Astronaut Hall of Fame
  • US Space Walk of Fame and Museum
  • Valiant Air Command Warbird Museum
  • Wager House

Criticism

In 2010, a New York Times reporter, in Titusville to cover a space shuttle launch, commented that Titusville was

...a small, sleepy and, some might say, seedy town with a handful of not too luxurious motels and hotels that jack up their prices whenever there is a scheduled shuttle lift-off.

A Titusville spokesman replied that it was common everywhere to increase room rates for major events.


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