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Capture of Fort Ticonderoga facts for kids

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Capture of Fort Ticonderoga
Part of the American Revolutionary War
Ethan Allen wearing a military uniform, with his left hand raised and his right hand holding a sword, confronts a man holding a lit candle in the doorway of a stone building.
An 1775 idealized depiction of Ethan Allen demanding the fort's surrender
Date May 10, 1775
Location
Result Ticonderoga and Crown Point captured by Green Mountain Boys militia
Belligerents
Flag of Vermont Republic.svg Green Mountain Boys
Colonial-Red-Ensign.svg Connecticut Colony Militia
Colonial-Red-Ensign.svg Province of Massachusetts Bay Militia

 Great Britain

  • 26th Regiment of Foot
Commanders and leaders
Flag of Vermont Republic.svg Ethan Allen
Colonial-Red-Ensign.svg Benedict Arnold
Flag of Great Britain (1707–1800).svg William Delaplace Surrendered
Strength
83 at Ticonderoga
50 at Crown Point
35 at Saint-Jean
48 at Ticonderoga
9 at Crown Point
21 at Saint-Jean
Casualties and losses

1 captured near Fort Saint-Jean

1 wounded at Ticonderoga
All captured

The Capture of Fort Ticonderoga occurred during the American Revolutionary War on May 10, 1775, when a small force of Green Mountain Boys led by Ethan Allen and Colonel Benedict Arnold surprised and captured the fort's small British garrison. The cannons and other armaments were later transported to Boston by Colonel Henry Knox and used to fortify Dorchester Heights and break the standoff at the Siege of Boston.

Capture of the fort marked the beginning of offensive action taken by the Americans against the British. After seizing Ticonderoga, a small detachment captured the nearby Fort Crown Point on May 11. Seven days later, Arnold and 50 men raided Fort Saint-Jean on the Richelieu River in southern Quebec, seizing military supplies, cannons, and the largest military vessel on Lake Champlain.

Although the scope of this military action was relatively minor, it had significant strategic importance. It impeded communication between northern and southern units of the British Army, and gave the nascent Continental Army a staging ground for the invasion of Quebec later in 1775. It also involved two larger-than-life personalities in Allen and Arnold, each of whom sought to gain as much credit and honor as possible for these events. Most significantly, in an effort led by Henry Knox, artillery from Ticonderoga would be dragged across Massachusetts to the heights commanding Boston Harbor, forcing the British to withdraw from that city.

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