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Clement Attlee facts for kids

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The Earl Attlee
Person attlee2.jpg
Clement Attlee, around 1945
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
In office
26 July 1945 – 26 October 1951
Monarch George VI
Deputy Herbert Morrison
Preceded by Winston Churchill
Succeeded by Winston Churchill
Leader of the Opposition
In office
26 October 1951 – 25 November 1955
Prime Minister
Preceded by Winston Churchill
Succeeded by Herbert Morrison
In office
23 May 1945 – 26 July 1945
Monarch George VI
Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Preceded by Arthur Greenwood
Succeeded by Winston Churchill
In office
25 October 1935 – 11 May 1940
Prime Minister
Preceded by George Lansbury
Succeeded by Hastings Lees-Smith
Leader of the Labour Party
In office
25 October 1935 – 7 December 1955
Preceded by George Lansbury
Succeeded by Hugh Gaitskell
Deputy Leader of the Labour Party
In office
25 October 1932 – 25 October 1935
Leader George Lansbury
Preceded by J. R. Clynes
Succeeded by Arthur Greenwood
Personal details
Clement Richard Attlee

(1883-01-03)3 January 1883
Putney, Surrey, England
Died 8 October 1967(1967-10-08) (aged 84)
Westminster, London, England
Resting place Westminster Abbey
Political party Labour
Violet Millar
(m. 1922; died 1964)
Children 4, including Martin, 2nd Earl Attlee
Alma mater
  • Lawyer
  • politician
  • soldier
Military service
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Branch/service  British Army
Years of service 1914–1919
Rank Major

Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee KG OM CH PC FRS (3 January 1883 – 8 October 1967) was a British politician. Prime Minister from 1945 to 1951, he was the first Labour prime minister with a majority in government, and was very important in the setting up of the welfare state. He was made a member of the House of Lords after he retired, and became the first Earl Attlee.

Attlee died of pneumonia in 1967. He is buried in Westminster Abbey.

Early life and education

Attlee was born in Putney. Attlee was educated at Haileybury College. He graduated from University College, Oxford with a Second Class Honours BA in Modern History in 1904.


Attlee began a career as a barrister after graduating from Oxford. This lasted for two years. He then worked as manager of Haileybury House in East London. Attlee's work at the House inspired him to become a socialist. In 1907 he joined the Fabian Society. In 1908 he joined the Independent Labour Party. In 1911, he was employed by the UK Government. In 1919 Attlee became Mayor of Stepney. He was elected to Parliament in 1922 as the MP for Limehouse., In 1935 he was elected leader of the Labour Party. From 1942 to 1945 he was deputy prime minister. Attlee resigned as party leader after Labour lost the 1955 election. He was made a member of the Order of Merit in 1951 and a Knight of the Garter in 1956. In 1958 he started the Homosexual Reform Society with Bertrand Russell.

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