Cleveland County, North Carolina facts for kids

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Cleveland County, North Carolina
Seal of Cleveland County, North Carolina
Map

Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the USA highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1841
Seat Shelby
Largest City Shelby
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

468 sq mi (1,212 km²)
464 sq mi (1,202 km²)
4.0 sq mi (10 km²), 0.9%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

98,078
211/sq mi (81/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.clevelandcounty.com
Named for: Colonel Benjamin Cleveland

Cleveland County is a county located in the western Piedmont and on the southern border of the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 98,078. Its county seat is Shelby.

Cleveland County comprises the Shelby, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area. This is included in the Charlotte-Concord, NC-SC Combined Statistical Area. In the late 19th and early 20th century, this was an area of textile mills.

History

The county was formed in 1841 from parts of Lincoln and Rutherford counties. It was named for Benjamin Cleveland, a colonel in the American Revolutionary War, who took part in the Battle of King's Mountain. From 1841 to 1887 "Cleaveland" was the spelling used; the present spelling was adopted in 1887.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 468 square miles (1,210 km2), of which 464 square miles (1,200 km2) is land and 4.0 square miles (10 km2) (0.9%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • I-85
  • US 29
  • US 74
  • NC 10
  • NC 18
  • NC 27
  • NC 150
  • NC 161
  • NC 180
  • NC 182
  • NC 198
  • NC 216
  • NC 226

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 10,396
1860 12,348 18.8%
1870 12,696 2.8%
1880 16,571 30.5%
1890 20,394 23.1%
1900 25,078 23.0%
1910 29,494 17.6%
1920 34,272 16.2%
1930 51,914 51.5%
1940 58,055 11.8%
1950 64,357 10.9%
1960 66,048 2.6%
1970 72,556 9.9%
1980 83,435 15.0%
1990 84,714 1.5%
2000 96,287 13.7%
2010 98,078 1.9%
Est. 2015 96,879 0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2014

As of the census of 2010, there were 98,078 people, 37,046 households, and 27,006 families residing in the county. The population density was 207 people per square mile (80/km²). There were 40,317 housing units at an average density of 87 per square mile (34/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 74% White, 21% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.69% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. Of any race, 3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino.

There were 37,046 households out of which 32.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.00% were married couples living together, 13.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.10% were non-families. 23.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,283, and the median income for a family was $41,733. Males had a median income of $30,882 versus $21,995 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,395. About 10.10% of families and 13.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.90% of those under age 18 and 14.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Cleveland County North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Cleveland County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Cities

Towns

Census-designated place

Unincorporated community

In popular culture

The 2000 disappearance of Asha Degree, a Shelby girl, was discussed on television shows including America’s Most Wanted, The Oprah Winfrey Show, Good Morning America, and The Montel Williams Show.

Parts of the 2012 movie The Hunger Games were filmed in Cleveland County.


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