Cumberland County, North Carolina facts for kids

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Cumberland County, North Carolina
Seal of Cumberland County, North Carolina
Map

Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the USA highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1754
Seat Fayetteville
Largest City Fayetteville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

658 sq mi (1,704 km²)
652 sq mi (1,689 km²)
6.1 sq mi (16 km²), 0.9%
PopulationEst.
 - (2014)
 - Density

326,328
500.5/sq mi (193/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.co.cumberland.nc.us
Named for: Prince William, Duke of Cumberland

Cumberland County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 319,431, making it the fifth-most populous county in North Carolina. Its county seat is Fayetteville.

Cumberland County is part of the Fayetteville, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

The county was formed in 1754 from Bladen County. It was named for Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-1765), captain-general of the British army and victorious commander at the Battle of Culloden.

In 1771 parts of Cumberland County, Johnston County, and Orange County were combined to form Wake County. In July 1784 the western part of Cumberland County became Moore County; the eastern part became Fayette County in honor of the Marquis de la Fayette, but the name Cumberland County was restored three months later. In 1855 the northern part of Cumberland County became Harnett County. Finally, in 1911 parts of Cumberland County and Robeson County were combined to form Hoke County.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 658 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 652 square miles (1,690 km2) is land and 6.1 square miles (16 km2) (0.9%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • I-95
  • [[Template:Infobox road/NC/link BL|Template:Infobox road/NC/abbrev BL]]
  • I-295 / NC 295
  • US 13
  • US 301
  • US 401
  • NC 24
  • NC 53
  • NC 59
  • NC 87
  • NC 162
  • NC 210
  • NC 217
  • NC 242
  • NC 690

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 8,730
1800 9,264 6.1%
1810 9,382 1.3%
1820 14,446 54.0%
1830 14,834 2.7%
1840 15,284 3.0%
1850 20,610 34.8%
1860 16,369 −20.6%
1870 17,035 4.1%
1880 23,836 39.9%
1890 27,321 14.6%
1900 29,249 7.1%
1910 35,284 20.6%
1920 35,064 −0.6%
1930 45,219 29.0%
1940 59,320 31.2%
1950 96,006 61.8%
1960 148,418 54.6%
1970 212,042 42.9%
1980 247,160 16.6%
1990 274,566 11.1%
2000 302,963 10.3%
2010 319,431 5.4%
Est. 2015 323,838 1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the census of 2000, there were 302,963 people, 107,358 households, and 77,619 families residing in the county. The population density was 464 people per square mile (179/km²). There were 118,425 housing units at an average density of 181 per square mile (70/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 55.15% White, 34.90% Black or African American, 1.55% Native American, 1.88% Asian, 0.30% Pacific Islander, 3.13% from other races, and 3.09% from two or more races. 6.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

By 2005 Cumberland County's population was 51.5% non-Hispanic whites. It was 36.7% African-American. 6.4% of the population was Latino. 3.1% of the population reported more than one race. 2.1% of the population was Asian. 1.7% of the population was Native American.

There were 107,358 households out of which 39.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.90% were married couples living together, 15.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.70% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.90% under the age of 18, 13.70% from 18 to 24, 32.90% from 25 to 44, 17.80% from 45 to 64, and 7.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 102.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,466, and the median income for a family was $41,459. Males had a median income of $28,308 versus $22,379 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,376. About 10.40% of families and 12.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.80% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

City

Map of Cumberland County North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Cumberland County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Towns

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

Townships

  • Beaver Dam
  • Black River
  • Carvers Creek
  • Cedar Creek
  • Cross Creek
  • Eastover
  • Gray's Creek
  • Manchester
  • Pearces Mill
  • Rockfish
  • Seventy-First

Cumberland County, North Carolina Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.