Drôme facts for kids
Valence, capital of Drôme.
Location of Drôme in France
|Département||4 March 1790|
|• Total||6,530.0 km2 (2,521.2 sq mi)|
|• Density||76.4409/km2 (197.9810/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-26|
Drôme is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790; it was made with part of the old French province of Dauphiné. It was divided in 6 districts: Romans, Valence, Die, Buis, Montélimar,and Crest. The capital was Chabeuil but in the same year the capital was moved to Valence.
With the creation of the arrondissements, the 6 districts became four arrondissements: Valence, Die, Montélimar and Nyons. In 1926, the arrondissement of Montélimar was eliminated.
The department borders with 5 other departments in 2 regions:
- Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
There are 5 natural regions in Drôme; they are, from north to south:
- A region with hills.
- The plain of Valence to the west.
- The Vercors Massif to the east.
- The central part of the department formed by the valley of the Drôme river and the highest mountains in the department.
- The Drôme provençale to the south.
The highest point in the department is Rocher Rond, (Hautes-Alpes department.). It is 2,453 m (8,048 ft) high it is on the border with the
The main rivers of Drôme are:
- Rhône, in the western part of the department; in the department, it is only 108 km (67 mi) long.
- Drôme river, a tributary of the Rhône.
- Isère river, another tributary of the Rhône.
The average temperature for the year in Valence, at an altitude of 167 m (548 ft), is 12.8 °C (55.0 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 22.2 °C (72.0 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 3.9 °C (39.0 °F).
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Valence is 845.8 mm (33.3 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is September with 129.5 mm (5.1 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 43.2 mm (1.7 in).
- Bourg-de-Péage (2601)
- Crest (2602)
- Dieulefit (2603)
- Le Diois (2604)
- Drôme des collines (2605)
- Grignan (2606)
- Loriol-sur-Drôme (2607)
- Montélimar-1 (2608)
- Montélimar-2 (2609)
- Nyons et Baronnies (2610)
- Romans-sur-Isère (2611)
- Saint-Vallier (2612)
- Tain-l'Hermitage (2613)
- Le Tricastin (2614)
- Valence-1 (2615)
- Valence-2 (2616)
- Valence-3 (2617)
- Valence-4 (2618)
- Vercors-Monts du Matin (2619)
The inhabitants of Drôme are known, in French, as Drômois (women: Drômoises).
Drôme has a population, in 2014, of 499,159, for a population density of 76.4 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Valence, with 314,233 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Nyons and Die, have respectively 141,971 and 42,955 inhabitants.
Evolution of the population in Drôme
The 10 most important cities in the department are:
Images for kids
Nougat from Montélimar
Drôme Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.