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George Stephenson
Born (1781-06-09)9 June 1781
Died 12 August 1848(1848-08-12) (age 67)
Tapton House, Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England
Cause of death Pleurisy
George Stephenson - Project Gutenberg etext 13103
George Stephenson

George Stephenson (9 June 1781 – 12 August 1848) was an English civil engineer and mechanical engineer. He built the first public railway line in the world to use steam locomotives. He is known as the "Father of Railways". George was born in Wylam, which is in Northumberland.

Stephenson's rail gauge of 4 feet 8½ inches (1,435 mm), sometimes called the "Stephenson gauge", is the standard gauge for most of the world's railways. He also invented a miner's safety lamp, which was widely used in the north of England.

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