Medellín facts for kids

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Medellín
City
Municipio de Medellín
Panoramica de Medellin-Colombia.jpg
Flag of Medellín
Flag
Official seal of Medellín
Seal
Location of the city (in dark gray) and municipality (red) of Medellín in Antioquia Department
Location of the city (in dark gray) and municipality (red) of Medellín in Antioquia Department
Location of the city (in dark gray) and municipality (red) of Medellín in Antioquia Department
Country ColombiaColombia
Department Antioquia
Founded 1616
Area
 • City 380 km2 (150 sq mi)
 • Metro 1,152 km2 (445 sq mi)
Elevation 1,495 m (4,905 ft)
Population (2005)
 • City 2.343.101 hab (ranked 2nd)
 • Density 6.925/km2 (17.94/sq mi)
 • Metro 3.333.970 hab
HDI (2006) 0.808 – high
Website Government of Medellín official website

Medellín (pronounced IPA: [mɛdəˈjiːn] or [mɛdəˈliːn], Spanish: [með̞eˈʝin] or [með̞eˈʎin]) is the capital city in the Metropolitan Area of Medellín of the Antioquia Department, Colombia. It was founded in 1616 by Francisco Herrera y Campuzano. As of 2006, the municipality of Medellín had a population of 2.4 million inhabitants. This makes it the second most populated city in Colombia after Bogotá. Medellín also is the core of the Valle de Aburrá (Aburrá Valley) metropolitan area. This is the second largest metropolitan area in Colombia, with more than 3.8 million inhabitants, and a leading and productive industrial and urban center.

The city's major problem is unemployment. Many other Colombian cities also have this problem. People from Antioquia and especially from Medellín are called Paisas although the Paisas are people from the departments of Antioquia, Risaralda, Caldas and Quindío.

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