kids encyclopedia robot

Mount Larrabee facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Mount Larrabee
Mount Larrabee and the Border Peaks.jpeg
Mount Larrabee and the Border Peaks seen from Winchester Mountain Lookout
Highest point
Elevation 7,865 ft (2,397 m) NAVD 88
Prominence 981 ft (299 m)
Isolation 1.34 mi (2.16 km)
Parent peak American Border Peak (7,994 ft}
Geography
Location
Parent range Cascade Range
North Cascades
Skagit Range
Topo map USGS Mount Larrabee
Climbing
First ascent September 11, 1908 by James J. McArthur and party
Easiest route class 3 scramble

Mount Larrabee is a 7,865-foot (2,397-metre) Skagit Range mountain summit situated 1.4 mile south of the Canada–United States border, in the North Cascades of Washington state. It is located immediately southeast of American Border Peak within the Mount Baker Wilderness, which is part of the Mount Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest, and near North Cascades National Park. It is notable for its reddish coloring caused by oxidation of Iron in the rock. The rock consists of reddish interbedded and interfolded phyllites and greenstone. Originally known as Red Mountain, the name was changed in 1951 to honor Charles F. Larrabee (1895–1950), of the prominent Larrabee family of Bellingham, Washington. The name was officially adopted in 1951 by the U.S. Board on Geographic Names.

Mount Larrabee can seen from the Mt. Baker Highway near Heather Meadows and Artist Point, as well as from points in the Fraser Valley in Canada. On Larrabee's east ridge are a series of jagged spires called The Pleiades. Larrabee's northwest ridge connects to American Border Peak. Precipitation runoff on the west side of the mountain drains into Tomyhoi Lake and Tomyhoi Creek, whereas the east side of the mountain drains to Silesia Creek. An unnamed glacier known colloquially as Larrabee Glacier lies below the steep north face. Downslope of that glacier is the Boundary Red Mountain Mine where gold was discovered in the early 1900s. The Gargett Mine was located on the southwest slope north of High Pass, but it didn't produce quality ore and was abandoned.

The summit offers stunning panoramic views of Tomyhoi Peak, American Border Peak, Slesse Mountain, Mount Challenger, the Picket Range, Mount Shuksan, and Mount Baker. Normal access is via the Twin Lakes Road and High Pass Trail. The Winchester Mountain Lookout provides a nice vantage to photograph Larrabee, and shelter to sleep under a roof.

Climate

Mount Larrabee is located in the marine west coast climate zone of western North America.

Mt. Larrabee from Ruth
Larrabee from Ruth Mountain

Most weather fronts originate in the Pacific Ocean, and travel northeast toward the Cascade Mountains. As fronts approach the North Cascades, they are forced upward by the peaks of the Cascade Range, causing them to drop their moisture in the form of rain or snowfall onto the Cascades. As a result, the west side of the North Cascades experiences high precipitation, especially during the winter months in the form of snowfall. Because of maritime influence, snow tends to be wet and heavy, resulting in high avalanche danger. Due to its temperate climate and proximity to the Pacific Ocean, areas west of the Cascade Crest very rarely experience temperatures below 0 °F (−18 °C) or above 80 °F (27 °C). During winter months, weather is usually cloudy, but, due to high pressure systems over the Pacific Ocean that intensify during summer months, there is often little or no cloud cover during the summer. The months July through September offer the most favorable weather for viewing or climbing this peak.

Geology

Slesse, Larrabee, and the Pleiades
Larrabee centered with the Pleiades to right, and the top of Slesse Mountain showing behind the ridge to left

The North Cascades features some of the most rugged topography in the Cascade Range with craggy peaks, ridges, and deep glacial valleys. Geological events occurring many years ago created the diverse topography and drastic elevation changes over the Cascade Range leading to the various climate differences. These climate differences lead to vegetation variety defining the ecoregions in this area.

The history of the formation of the Cascade Mountains dates back millions of years ago to the late Eocene Epoch. With the North American Plate overriding the Pacific Plate, episodes of volcanic igneous activity persisted. In addition, small fragments of the oceanic and continental lithosphere called terranes created the North Cascades about 50 million years ago.

During the Pleistocene period dating back over two million years ago, glaciation advancing and retreating repeatedly scoured the landscape leaving deposits of rock debris. The "U"-shaped cross section of the river valleys are a result of recent glaciation. Uplift and faulting in combination with glaciation have been the dominant processes which have created the tall peaks and deep valleys of the North Cascades area.

kids search engine
Mount Larrabee Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.