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Redcliffe
Queensland
Redcliffe-peninsula-queensland-suburb-map.png
Population 51,174 (2006 census)
 • Density 1,343.1/km2 (3,479/sq mi)
Established 1824
Area 38.1 km2 (14.7 sq mi)
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
Location 23 km (14 mi) NNE of Brisbane CBD
Region South East Queensland
State electorate(s) Redcliffe
Federal Division(s) Petrie
Redcliffe-city-brand.png

Redcliffe is a municipal location north-northeast of Brisbane, the state capital of Queensland, Australia. Known also as "the Redcliffe peninsula", the area covers the suburbs of Clontarf, Kippa-Ring, Margate, Newport, Redcliffe, Rothwell, Scarborough and Woody Point.

Redcliffe is home to over 55,000 residents over its total area of 38.1 km2 (14.7 sq mi). The peninsula is relatively flat with few areas rising more than 20 m (66 ft) above sea level.

Redcliffe is the first European settlement in Queensland.

History

The Redcliffe Peninsula was occupied by the indigenous Ningy Ningy people. The native name is Kau-in-Kau-in, which means Blood-Blood (red-like blood).

The area's first European visitors arrived on 17 July 1799, aboard the Norfolk, a British colonial sloop commanded by Matthew Flinders. Flinders explored the Moreton Bay area and landed at 10:30 a.m. at a location he called "Red Cliff Point", after the red-coloured cliffs visible from the bay, today called Woody Point.

In 1823, the Governor of New South Wales, Thomas Brisbane, instructed that a new northern penal settlement be developed, and an exploration party led by John Oxley further explored the Moreton Bay area. Oxley recommended Red Cliff Point for the new colony, reporting that ships could land at any tide and easily get close to the shore.

The settlement, along the banks of what is now called Humpybong Creek in Redcliffe town centre, consisted of small, temporary dwellings with gardens and vegetables planted. However the lack of a reliable water supply, attacks by Aboriginal people, large mosquito numbers, and insufficient facilities for safe anchorage meant that the settlement needed to be moved after eight months. The settlement relocated to the banks of the Brisbane River at North Quay, 28 kilometres (17.4 mi) south. Redcliffe was then abandoned, with just a small number of dwellings remaining. Local Aboriginal people called these empty buildings "oompie bongs", anglicised to mean, in reverse, 'dead house', and the name was given to the entire Redcliffe peninsula.

Orient House at Suttons Beach Estate Map
1929 real estate auction.

The area was designated as an agricultural reserve in the 1860s, and residential development began in the 1880s. The population grew significantly after 1935 when the Hornibrook Bridge was opened; the two lane, 2.8 kilometres (1.7 mi) bridge crossed Bramble Bay and linked the peninsula with a more direct route to Brisbane. A replacement three lane bridge, the Houghton Highway, opened in 1979. On 11 July 2010 the new three lane Ted Smout Memorial Bridge opened, and at 2.7 kilometres (1.7 mi) is claimed to be Australia's longest. The bridge was named to honour Queensland's longest surviving World War 1 Digger. It provides south-bound traffic flow as well as pedestrian and bicycle access, while the Houghton Highway has become a dedicated north-bound traffic bridge.

In 2007 the Queensland Government's Local Government Reform Commission announced that Redcliffe would be amalgamated into the adjoining Pine Rivers and Caboolture shires to form the Moreton Bay Region.

Population

Redcliffe's population is 51,174 with a female skew. The 2006 census showed that Redcliffe's population of indigenous origins was 1.9% (2.0% 2001 Census), 27.2% (19.9%) were born overseas, and 5.1% (4.7%) of the population speaks a language other than English at home.

Redcliffe Population as per 2006 Census
  Male Female Total
Total persons
excluding overseas visitors
24,535 26,639 51,174
  Aged 15 years and over 19,795 22,275 42,070
  Aged 65 years and over 4,109 5,694 9,803
Indigenous 510 507 1,017
  Aged 18 years and over 270 309 579
Born in Australia 18,032 19,612 37,644
Born overseas
Includes 'Inadequately described', 'At sea', and 'Not elsewhere classified'
4,912 5,340 10,252
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Climate

Redcliffe has a humid subtropical climate under the Köppen climate classification system, with hot, humid summers and dry, mild winters. Thunderstorms are regular events from late Spring to early Autumn in the late afternoon to early evening. The more severe storms are accompanied by damaging hail stones, torrential rain and destructive winds, however as most storms travel in a north-east direction from past Ipswich then over greater Brisbane, they often lose strength by the time they arrive to Redcliffe.

Climate data for Redcliffe
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.0
(84.2)
28.5
(83.3)
27.7
(81.9)
25.6
(78.1)
23.3
(73.9)
21.2
(70.2)
20.6
(69.1)
21.4
(70.5)
24.1
(75.4)
25.3
(77.5)
26.6
(79.9)
28.0
(82.4)
25.1
(77.2)
Average low °C (°F) 21.9
(71.4)
21.6
(70.9)
20.2
(68.4)
17.7
(63.9)
14.9
(58.8)
11.6
(52.9)
10.6
(51.1)
11.1
(52)
14.1
(57.4)
16.5
(61.7)
18.7
(65.7)
20.7
(69.3)
16.6
(61.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 111.6
(4.394)
160.9
(6.335)
126.8
(4.992)
124.4
(4.898)
89.0
(3.504)
59.9
(2.358)
51.3
(2.02)
39.7
(1.563)
30.2
(1.189)
70.5
(2.776)
101.6
(4)
117.8
(4.638)
1,064.1
(41.894)
Source: Bureau of Meteorology

Landmarks

Photographs of Redcliffe City
Redcliffe Jetty
Redcliffe CBD
Humpybong Creek
Settlement Cove swimming lagoon
Entrance to Margate Beach

There are a number of landmarks located in Redcliffe, such as the Redcliffe Jetty, Settlement Cove Lagoon, Suttons and Margate Beaches, Scarborough Beach Park with its Cottonwood trees, Redcliffe Museum, Woody Point Jetty, HMQS Gayundah shipwreck, and two bridges that have become iconic to Redcliffe, the Houghton Highway and Ted Smout Memorial Bridge,which links Redcliffe to the Brisbane suburb of Brighton. Redcliffe features many buildings by the heritage designer-builder Alex Smith. On 14 February 2013 the Bee Gees Way in the Redcliffe CBD was opened and features a statue of the Bee Gees in their youth as residents of Redcliffe. The Bee Gees Way was formerly a pathway that was gazetted for weekend markets.

Moreton Bay

Redcliffe City acts as a service centre for the Moreton Bay island communities, a tourist hub for the bay, and base of operations for local fishing and the seafood industry. From Redcliffe visitors can access Moreton Island via a new passenger ferry that has replaced the old Combie Trader ferry, Deception Bay waters, Bramble Bay, Hays Inlet and the Pine River leading to the North and South Pine rivers. The major marina in Redcliffe is Scarborough Marina, located in the Scarborough Boat Harbour, at the northern tip of the Peninsula; Newport Waterways Marina is nearby.

Sport, recreation and events

A seaside location with 22 kilometres (14 mi) of coastline and a mainly working class population, Redcliffe has a high emphasis on sport and recreation. More than 35 kilometres (22 mi) of dedicated bikeways surround the peninsula, and local sporting clubs include baseball, croquet, golf, hockey, lawn bowls, netball, softball, tennis, rugby, football, Australian football and touch football. Scouting and Guiding groups are also in Redcliffe.

Most weekends free-fall tandem skydivers can be seen dropping from 14,000 feet (4,300 m), landing onto Suttons Beach. The operator uses a Cessna 208 Caravan, holding up to ten people, that departs from local Redcliffe Airport.

Redcliffe Dimensions 7D Cinema, which opened its doors late 2016, is a family entertainment venue that offers a virtual ride experience suitable from ages 2+. RD7D also have a mobile 7D Cinema available for hire throughout the region, for private and public events, and have already been involved with many events organised by MBRIT such as the Sails Festival and Kitefest.

Kite flying with the Queensland Kite Flyers Society is held twice a month at Pelican Park on Hornibrook Esplanade, Clontarf. Each May, the council hosts a large kite-flying event called Kitefest.

The Redcliffe Dolphins are a rugby league team that competes in the Queensland Cup. The team's grounds is Dolphin Oval in Kippa-Ring.

Peninsula Power Football Club is a football (soccer) club in Redcliffe. Formed in 2000 from a merger between Margate and Redcliffe Soccer Clubs, the team competes in the Brisbane Premier League.

The Redcliffe Padres are located at Talobilla Park in Kippa Ring. In December 2008, the club was voted by the Australian Baseball Federation as club of the year.

Scuba divers can be seen diving from local shore sites Queens Reef in Scarborough, and the Redcliffe jetty in the town centre, as well as several boats which depart for diving in the wider Moreton Bay area.

To celebrate the start of the Brisbane to Gladstone yacht race, the Festival of Sails event is held yearly on Good Friday.

In September, Redcliffe celebrates its history and status as Queensland's first European settlement location with an annual First Settlement Festival.

Transport

Bus public transport is provided by local company Hornibrook Bus Lines. Services include local routes within the city area, to the Brisbane central business district via Pine Rivers Shire and Petrie railway station, to Sandgate railway station via Brighton with connecting QR Citytrain services to Brisbane, and a weekday direct Cityxpress service with limited stopping. Kangaroo Bus Lines provides a connection from Redcliffe to Caboolture via Deception Bay and Morayfield.

Road taxi services are provided by Redcliffe Taxi Service.

A heavy rail Citytrain passenger service to Kippa-Ring will open in October 2016.

The Redcliffe Airport is an aerodrome straddling the Kippa-Ring and Rothwell suburb boundaries, just south of the Deception Bay inlet from Moreton Bay. With an 853 m runway (07/25), it is owned and operated by the Redcliffe City Council. The Redcliffe Aero Club is based at the airport and provides pilot training, aircraft hire and charter services.

Sister cities

The City of Redcliffe, through the Redcliffe City Council, has two Sister City arrangements:

Coordinates: 27°14′S 153°16′E / 27.233°S 153.267°E / -27.233; 153.267

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