Rye, New Hampshire facts for kids

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Rye, New Hampshire
Town
1899 monument marking supposed landing place of 1623
1899 monument marking supposed landing place of 1623
Official seal of Rye, New Hampshire
Seal
Location in Rockingham County and the state of New Hampshire.
Location in Rockingham County and the state of New Hampshire.
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Rockingham
Incorporated 1727
Area
 • Total 36.7 sq mi (95.1 km2)
 • Land 12.6 sq mi (32.7 km2)
 • Water 24.1 sq mi (62.4 km2)  65.65%
Elevation 75 ft (23 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 5,298
 • Density 144.29/sq mi (55.71/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 03870
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-66180
GNIS feature ID 0873712
Website www.town.rye.nh.us

Rye is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 5,298 at the 2010 census.

History

The first settlement in New Hampshire, originally named Pannaway Plantation, was established in 1623 at Odiorne's Point by a group of fishermen led by David Thompson. An early settler in Rye was William Berry. Prior to its incorporation in 1726 as a parish of New Castle, Rye was called Sandy Beach and included land in New Castle, Portsmouth, Greenland and Hampton.

Rye-NH-Rocks
Rock formation near Odiorne Point

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 36.7 square miles (95.1 km2), of which 12.6 square miles (32.6 km2) is land and 24.1 square miles (62.4 km2) is water, comprising 65.65% of the town. The town is located on the shore of the Atlantic Ocean and includes four of the nine islands known as the Isles of Shoals, which lie approximately 10 miles (16 km) out from the mainland. The highest point in Rye is the summit of Breakfast Hill, at 151 feet (46 m) above sea level, on the town's border with Greenland.

The unincorporated community of Rye Beach is in the southern part of the town. Rye Beach has its own U.S. post office, as well as its own zoning enforcement and planning regulations.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 865
1800 890 2.9%
1810 1,020 14.6%
1820 1,127 10.5%
1830 1,172 4.0%
1840 1,205 2.8%
1850 1,295 7.5%
1860 1,199 −7.4%
1870 993 −17.2%
1880 1,111 11.9%
1890 978 −12.0%
1900 1,142 16.8%
1910 1,014 −11.2%
1920 1,196 17.9%
1930 1,081 −9.6%
1940 1,246 15.3%
1950 1,982 59.1%
1960 3,244 63.7%
1970 4,083 25.9%
1980 4,508 10.4%
1990 4,612 2.3%
2000 5,182 12.4%
2010 5,298 2.2%
Est. 2015 5,375 1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 5,182 people, 2,176 households, and 1,462 families residing in the town. The population density was 410.7 people per square mile (158.5/km²). There were 2,645 housing units at an average density of 209.6 per square mile (80.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.71% White, 0.14% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.10% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.62% of the population.

There were 2,176 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the town, the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 3.5% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 30.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $63,152, and the median income for a family was $74,956. Males had a median income of $51,131 versus $34,327 for females. The per capita income for the town was $36,746. About 1.6% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 0.9% of those age 65 or over.

In culture

Rye was the setting (in part) of the short story "Marjorie Daw" by Thomas Bailey Aldrich (1836-1907).

Specific

General

  • Parsons, Langdon B. (1905). History of the Town of Rye New Hampshire. Concord, NH: Rumford Printing Co.

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