Sandra Day O'Connor facts for kids

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Sandra Day O'Connor
Sandra Day O'Connor.jpg
91st Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
In office
September 21, 1981 – January 31, 2006
Nominated by Ronald Reagan
Preceded by Potter Stewart
Succeeded by Samuel Alito
23rd Chancellor of The College of William & Mary
In office
April 7, 2006 – February 3, 2012
Preceded by Henry Kissinger
Succeeded by Robert Gates
Personal details
Born
Sandra Day

March 26, 1930 (1930-03-26) (age 89)
El Paso, Texas, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) John O'Connor (1952–2009)
Children 3
Alma mater Stanford University
Signature

Sandra Day O'Connor (born March 26, 1930) is a retired justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. She was the first woman to serve as justice on the Supreme Court, as well as the first from Arizona.

One of her ideas on the Supreme Court was the endorsement test. It was a way to check if the government was supporting religion.

O'Connor was appointed to the Supreme Court in 1981 by President Ronald Reagan. Reagan said while running for president that he wanted a woman to be on the supreme court and promised to nominate a woman for the job the first chance he got. One of her biggest supporters was Arizona Senator Barry Goldwater, who helped make sure that all 100 Senators voted to confirm her. While on the Supreme Court, she was involved in several major supreme court decisions including: Bush v. Gore, which had to do with a disputed election; Planned Parenthood v. Casey which involved a woman's right to privacy, and Lawrence v. Texas, a case about whether burning a US flag was free speech. She retired from the court in 2006. Sam Alito was chosen to replace her. On August 12, 2009, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honor of the United States, by President Barack Obama.

She has a school named after her in North Phoenix, Arizona.

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