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Barry Goldwater
Barry Goldwater photo1962.jpg
Chair of the Senate Armed Services Committee
In office
January 3, 1985 – January 3, 1987
Preceded by John Tower
Succeeded by Sam Nunn
Chair of the Senate Intelligence Committee
In office
January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1985
Preceded by Birch Bayh
Succeeded by David Durenberger
United States Senator
from Arizona
In office
January 3, 1969 – January 3, 1987
Preceded by Carl Hayden
Succeeded by John McCain
In office
January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1965
Preceded by Ernest McFarland
Succeeded by Paul Fannin
Personal details
Barry Morris Goldwater

(1909-01-02)January 2, 1909
Phoenix, Territory of Arizona, U.S.
Died May 29, 1998(1998-05-29) (aged 89)
Paradise Valley, Arizona, U.S.
Political party Republican
Margaret Johnson
(m. 1934; died 1985)

Susan Schaffer Wechsler
(m. 1992)
Children 4, including Barry
Education University of Arizona
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Branch/service  United States Army (1941–1947)
Flag of the United States Air Force United States Air Force (1947–1967)
Years of service 1941–1945 (USAAF)
1945–1952 (ANG)
1952–1967 (USAFR)
Rank US-O5 insignia.svg Lieutenant Colonel (USAAF)
US-O6 insignia.svg Colonel (ANG)
US-O8 insignia.svg Major General (USAFR)
Unit U.S. Army Air Forces
Arizona Air National Guard
U.S. Air Force Reserve
Battles/wars World War II
Korean War

Barry Morris Goldwater (January 2, 1909 – May 29, 1998) was a conservative politician from the United States. He represented Arizona in the United States Senate.

He ran for President of the United States in 1964 against Lyndon B. Johnson. He did not win. Goldwater was a member of the Republican Party. He was a Freemason. He wrote The Conscience of a Conservative. He was born in Phoenix, Arizona. He was a commentator on the Cable News Network (CNN) in its early years.

Goldwater died from a stroke in Paradise Valley, Arizona, aged 89. He was suffering from Alzheimer's disease.


Goldwater was called "Mr. Conservative" during his political career. He was a Senator from Arizona, replacing Ernest McFarland. In 1960, he wrote The Conscience of a Conservative. The book was a best seller. In 1964, he was the Republican candidate for President. He ran against Lyndon Johnson. Goldwater's most famous quote (which he said in July 1964 in San Francisco) was "Extremism in the Defense of Liberty is no vice, and Moderation in the Pursuit of Justice is no virtue." He meant that people should always do what was necessary to make the world freer and more just even if it was hard or made them unpopular. Goldwater lost to Johnson by a large number of votes.

Goldwater went back to the Senate after losing the election. His run for president helped start the conservative movement of today, which agrees with many of Goldwater's ideas. He didn't agree with the social conservatives who were against gay rights. Goldwater stayed in the Senate until 1987. He helped Sandra Day O'Connor get on the Supreme Court. He passed a military reform law. Goldwater retired to Arizona after being in the Senate. He died in Arizona in 1998.


Goldwater enjoyed photography, airplanes, and radio. He collected Native American Kachina Dolls, which are made by the Native Americans of Arizona. He donated his collection to a museum. Goldwater had four children.

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