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Tillamook, Oregon
Aerial view of Tillamook
Aerial view of Tillamook
Nickname(s): 
Land of Many Waters; Land of Cheese, Trees, and Ocean Breeze
Motto(s): 
"Gateway to the Oregon Coast"
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Country United States
State Oregon
County Tillamook
Incorporated 1891
Government
 • Body City Council
Area
 • City 1.90 sq mi (4.93 km2)
 • Land 1.90 sq mi (4.93 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
24 ft (7 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • City 5,321
 • Density 2,801/sq mi (1,079.3/km2)
 • Metro
400
Time zone UTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−7 (Pacific)
ZIP code
97141
Area code(s) 503
FIPS code 41-73700
GNIS feature ID 1151220
Website www.tillamookor.gov

The city of Tillamook is the county seat of Tillamook County, Oregon, United States. The city is located on the southeast end of Tillamook Bay on the Pacific Ocean. The population was 5,231 at the 2020 census.

History

The city is named for the Tillamook people, a Native American tribe speaking a Salishan language who lived in this area until the early 19th century.

Anthropologist Franz Boas identifies the Tillamook Indians as the southernmost branch of the Coast Salish peoples of the Pacific Northwest. This group was separated geographically from the northern branch by tribes of Chinookan peoples who occupied territory between them. The name Tillamook, he says, is of Chinook origin, and refers to the people of a locality known as Elim or Kelim. They spoke Tillamook, a combination of two dialects. Tillamook culture differed from that of the northern Coast Salish, Boas says, and might have been influenced by tribal cultures to the south, in what is now northern California.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.7 square miles (4.40 km2), all of it land. The Tillamook area is also home to five rivers, the Tillamook, Trask, Wilson, Kilchis, and the Miami just north of the city.

Climate

Tillamook has a climate that lies between the cool-summer Mediterranean climate (csb) and the oceanic climate (cfb).

Tillamook has a mild and wet climate with very little seasonal temperature variation due to its proximity to the Pacific Ocean. From November through April, daytime high temperatures range from the high 40s to the high 50s with abundant rainfall - including more than 13 inches (330 mm) per month in November, December, and January. Snowfall is very rare, but winter floods are a common occurrence. Between April and October, the precipitation in Tillamook is comparatively lighter, but still remains much wetter than the population centers in the Willamette Valley. Tillamook's annual precipitation averages about 88 inches (2,200 mm) compared to only 36 inches (910 mm) in Portland. Summers in Tillamook are brief and mild with average daytime temperatures in the upper 60s, although daytime temperatures can occasionally soar into the 80s and 90s for days at a time. Summer is by far the driest season in Tillamook with only 1.35 inches (34 mm) and 1.33 inches of rain falling in July and August, respectively.

Climate data for Tillamook, Oregon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 51.2
(10.67)
53.3
(11.83)
55.2
(12.89)
57.7
(14.28)
61.2
(16.22)
64.4
(18)
67.5
(19.72)
68.7
(20.39)
68.3
(20.17)
62.2
(16.78)
54.8
(12.67)
50.1
(10.06)
59.6
(15.33)
Daily mean °F (°C) 44.3
(6.83)
45.0
(7.22)
46.7
(8.17)
48.8
(9.33)
52.5
(11.39)
56.0
(13.33)
58.8
(14.89)
59.3
(15.17)
57.4
(14.11)
52.4
(11.33)
47.2
(8.44)
43.2
(6.22)
50.97
(10.537)
Average low °F (°C) 37.4
(3)
36.8
(2.67)
38.1
(3.39)
40.0
(4.44)
43.7
(6.5)
47.6
(8.67)
50.1
(10.06)
50.0
(10)
46.5
(8.06)
42.7
(5.94)
39.6
(4.22)
36.2
(2.33)
42.4
(5.78)
Precipitation inches (mm) 13.52
(343.4)
9.69
(246.1)
9.74
(247.4)
7.12
(180.8)
4.77
(121.2)
3.57
(90.7)
1.35
(34.3)
1.33
(33.8)
3.00
(76.2)
6.93
(176)
13.84
(351.5)
13.08
(332.2)
87.94
(2,233.7)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in.) 22.8 18.3 21.7 18.7 15.9 12.3 7.0 6.5 9.8 16.0 22.7 22.0 193.8
Source: NOAA

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 834
1910 1,352 62.1%
1920 1,964 45.3%
1930 2,549 29.8%
1940 2,751 7.9%
1950 3,685 34.0%
1960 4,244 15.2%
1970 3,968 −6.5%
1980 3,981 0.3%
1990 4,001 0.5%
2000 4,356 8.9%
2010 4,935 13.3%
2020 5,231 6.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,935 people, 2,037 households, and 1,192 families living in the city. The population density was 2,902.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,120.8/km2). There were 2,248 housing units at an average density of 1,322.4 per square mile (510.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.5% White, 0.2% African American, 1.5% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.8% Pacific Islander, 6.9% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.2% of the population.

There were 2,037 households, of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.9% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.5% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.11.

The median age in the city was 33.7 years. 27% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.2% were from 25 to 44; 23% were from 45 to 64; and 14% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.

Arts and culture

Museums and other points of interest

Tillamook Air Museum

The Tillamook Air Museum, which features over 15 aircraft, an Exhibit Hall with rare wartime and aviation-themed artifacts, is located just south of the city. It is housed in a wooden WWII blimp hangar that was once a part of Naval Air Station Tillamook. Its sister hangar (Hangar A) was destroyed by a fire in 1992. The hangars were built with old-growth trees and one can see the huge seamless beams inside the buildings.

Tillamook Cheese Factory

Tillamook
Tillamook Creamery and Museum
Tillamook Cheese Factory
Inside the Tillamook Cheese Factory
Tillamook creamery interior P2549
Tillamook plant small cheese block processing lines

The Tillamook Cheese Factory, located at 4185 U.S. 101 North in Tillamook, Oregon, is the Tillamook County Creamery Association's original cheese production facility. The Tillamook Cheese Factory also serves as a Visitor Center and hosts over 1 million tourists each year. Visitors can learn about the cheese-making process, cheese-packaging process, and the ice cream-making process from a viewing gallery over the main production floor. Tours are self-guided and self-paced, and are augmented by video presentations and interactive kiosks. Tours inside the actual cheese-processing area of the plant were discontinued in 1967 due to health and safety regulations.

Transportation

  • Tillamook Airport
  • Tillamook County Transportation District
  • Port of Tillamook Bay Railroad

Economy

Historically, the Tillamook economy has been based primarily on dairy farms. The farmland surrounding the city is used for grazing the milk cattle that supply the Tillamook County Creamery Association's production of cheese, particularly cheddar, gourmet ice cream and yogurt, and other dairy products. Approximately one million people visit the cheese factory (located north of Tillamook on Highway 101) each year.

The lumber industry also is experiencing a comeback from the replanting that followed the Tillamook Burn forest fires of the mid-20th century. The burned remains of some of the trees can still be found in the forests surrounding Tillamook.

Tillamook also serves tourists on their way to the ocean beaches and as a location for second homes.

Education

Tillamook is served by the Tillamook School District. The city is home to seven schools and one college. Tillamook High School, Tillamook Junior High School, Wilson River School (Alternate Education), Trask River High School, East Elementary School, South Prairie Elementary School, Liberty Elementary School, and it contains the Tillamook Bay Community College.

Notable people

  • Lars Larson, conservative talk radio show host
  • Bridget Marquardt, actress and model
  • Jacob Young, soap opera actor
  • Jerry Kilgore, country singer
Black History Month on Kiddle
Famous African-American Scientists:
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