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Tolworth
Alexandra Recreation Ground, Tolworth - geograph.org.uk - 255855.jpg
Alexandra Recreation Ground, with the Tolworth Tower in the distance
Population 9,833 (2011 Census. Tolworth and Hook Rise Ward)
OS grid reference TQ197659
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SURBITON
Postcode district KT5, KT6
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament
  • Kingston & Surbiton
London Assembly
  • South West
List of places
UK
England
LondonCoordinates: 51°23′02″N 0°16′51″W / 51.3839°N 0.2807°W / 51.3839; -0.2807

Tolworth is a suburban area of southwest London in the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, located 11 miles (17.7 km) south west of Charing Cross. Neighbouring places include Long Ditton, New Malden, Kingston, Surbiton, Berrylands, Hinchley Wood, Chessington, Ewell and Worcester Park. Surbiton is the nearest, about a mile north west. Tolworth is divided in two, with part of it to the east and part of it to the west of the Kingston by-pass.

History

Tolworth, in the Domesday Book, was called Taleorde. Its Domesday assets were held partly by Picot from Richard de Tonebrige and partly by Radulf (Ralph) from the Bishop of Bayeux. It rendered: 2½ hides; also 4 hides with Long Ditton; 1 mill without dues, 8 ploughs, 10½ acres and ½ rod of meadow. It rendered £6.

The Evelyn family, who had settled in Surrey, played a prominent role and established gunpowder mills at Tolworth, probably in 1561.

In 1870-72, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Tolworth like this: TALWORTH, a hamlet in Long Ditton parish, Surrey; 2½ miles SSE of Kingston upon Thames. Acres, 1,190. Pop., 434. Houses, 81. An ancient manor-house here was held by the Earl of Kent, uncle of Edward III.; and is now a farmhouse. For much of the 19th century the Earls of Egmont were Tolworth’s principal landowners

By 1908 things were changing - the population growth was accelerating due to the development of the brickfields and the construction of Tolworth Sewage Farm (opened in 1891) - both in Red Lion Lane. (Now Red Lion Road) With a proper sewerage system Tolworth was ready for development. St Matthew’s Church had been built for a congregation of 800 and trams now ran from the Red Lion.

In 1919 the Medical Officer of Health reported that Surbiton was a residential neighbourhood with no dominating factories or works. The only new feature of late, he said, is the springing up of a few "Motor Garages," each employing a few hands on the care and repair of cars. He advised that the Electric Light Works and a belated resuscitation of the Tolworth Brickfields represented the leading " Works" in Surbiton.The reference to the Brickworks probably relates to it being owned by William Alen until his bankruptcy in 1881 The Urban District Council entered into an agreement with Callenders Cables & Construction (later to become British Insulated Callender's Cables) under which the company laid electrical supply cables around Surbiton. In 1916 the council sold the Surbiton and District Electricity Co, based in Hollyfield Road, to Callenders. The opening of the Kingston by Pass (A3 road) in 1927 was a major catalyst for expansion which included six and a half miles of new residential roads, containing 2000 houses. This period also saw the construction of Tolworth Broadway, aligning with the Kingston Road, on the former Tolworth Lodge Farm.

In the 1930s and '40s the clay extraction requirements of a brickworks north of the A3 off Red Lion Road (now Red Lion Industrial Park) produced a large water-filled pit (known locally as "The Bluey") which was used as a landfill site for bomb-damage and industrial material removed from bomb-sites resulting from the "Blitz". The Civil Defence Corps used to have a training site with a full-size mock-up of a bomb-damaged housing estate. This land has been reclaimed and is now a recreation ground. The Tolworth Brickworks Company Ltd. decided in September 1946 that the company should be voluntarily wound up – a process that continued until at least 1951. Clay extraction also took place at "The Wood" near Surbiton Station, Fishponds Park as well as in Claygate

Off Worcester Park Road/Old Malden Lane was the access to Tolworth Hall and nearby, along the Hogsmill River, were watercress beds.

The Station Estate

"The Estate that never was" Plans for the Station Estate were approved by Surbiton Corporation and Surrey County Council in January 1940 - comprising 459 houses and 10 shops on four sites separated by the Kingston Road and the Southern Railway Chessington Branch Line (which was to be extended to Leatherhead.)

As part of the agreement the owners gave up part of the land to form the wider and re-aligned Kingston Road.

Dean Court and Drayton Court were constructed in 1959 on part of the "Station Estate" land and the Developer "Lansdowne Court Investments" is acknowledged in the naming of Lansdowne Close. Earlier plans had envisaged 6 semi detached and one detached house between the Toby Jug and Tolworth Station.

Wartime Bomb Damage

During World War II a number of V1 flying bombs came down on Surbiton and Tolworth, including the notorious "Derby Day Disaster" of June 1944 when 12 people were killed by a V1 at Tolworth Park Road. Between 7 October 1940 to 6 June 1941 25 high explosive bombs dropped on the current Tolworth and Hook Rise ward but there were as many again in the few adjacent streets around Douglas Road which is now part of Surbiton Hill ward.

The Ace of Spades

A short distance away is the Ace of Spades (junction) at Hook – this was named after the famous "Ace of Spades Roadhouse" which became a popular venue following the opening of the Kingston by Pass in 1927 by the Minister of Transport, Stanley Baldwin. This is described as a pioneer roadhouse, with meals served at any time in a restaurant with seating for 700 to 800, dancing until 3 am, swimming pool a miniature golf course, polo ground, riding school, and an air strip. The pub was burnt down in the 1950s.

Historic Bus Stop

Until 2011 the green at the junction of Ewell Road, Red Lion Road and King Charles Road opposite the former Red Lion Public house was the site of an extremely rare double fronted wooden bus stop located at the former turning point in Tolworth of the 603 trolleybus service, which ceased in May 1962. (previously served by trams between 1906 and 1931) The shelter was removed after TfL decided that it was the only bus stop they were not prepared to maintain, on the basis that it was wooden.

Musical Heritage

David Bowie launched his Ziggy Stardust stage show with the Spiders from Mars—Ronson, Bolder and Woodmansey—at the Toby Jug pub in Tolworth on 10 February 1972. Other bands to play there included Led Zeppelin, Fleetwood Mac, The Yardbirds (Eric Clapton - Guitar), John Lee Hooker, Black Sabbath, King Crimson, Blodwyn Pig, John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers, Free, Jethro Tull, Taste, Family, Chicken Shack, Genesis and Ten Years After. It is reported that there was a Maestrovox Electronic Organ attached to the piano in the pub dining room and dance hall. The presence of this pub is remembered by the naming of the adjacent Toby Way

During the 1980s gigs were occasionally held at Tolworth Recreation Centre, including on 12 March 1983 a gig by New Order.

Description

Architecturally, Tolworth consists mainly of low-density 1930s semi-detached properties, and small to medium commercial and retail developments. There is a concentration of industrial activity in an area bounded on the north by A3 London-to-Portsmouth trunk route, which runs through the area. The access junction for the A3, linking it on the north with the Broadway and on the south with the A240 Kingston Road toward Epsom, is known as the Toby Jug Roundabout, named after the public house which stood beside it until it was closed and demolished in 2002 under the ownership of Tesco and its partners. The area is also served by a branch railway line running from London Waterloo to Chessington South two stops to the south, with services run by South West Trains.

Facilities

Tolworth Tower

Tolworth Tower
Tolworth Tower - geograph.org.uk - 28827.jpg
The Tolworth Tower
General information
Location Tolworth, London, England, UK
Coordinates TQ197659
Completed 1964
Height 265 ft (81 m)
Technical details
Floor count 22

The principal shopping centre is situated west of the A3 in Tolworth Broadway, with the landmark Tolworth Tower, at its junction with the A3. Tolworth Tower, built on the site of the former Tolworth Odeon Cinema is an office block designed by George Marsh of R. Seifert and Partners and opened in 1963. The tower is 265 feet high with 22 floors. The ground floor of the building is occupied largely by a single retail unit, originally a Fine Fare supermarket which traded until the early 1980s, and is currently a Marks and Spencer supermarket - and smaller retail units along the Broadway, the remainder taken up with access to the other floors. The remaining floors of the building were originally occupied by commercial and government offices, but the north wing has recently re-opened as a Travelodge hotel. The building is a local landmark and is the tallest building for miles around.

View from the top of Tolworth Tower over the local area
View from the top of Tolworth Tower over the local area
Tolworth Tower from S crop
View of Tolworth Tower from Epsom Downs

The offices and studios of Radio Jackie, a commercial radio station broadcasting to south-west London and north Surrey, can be found on the Broadway in what had been the Crown Post Office. The broadcast mast is sited, with many other antennae, atop Tolworth Tower.

The Tolworth Greenway

The Tolworth Greenway was a public space planning scheme, the Mayor's "Great Outdoors" initiative. The barrier on the central reservation was removed, which itself has been widened. The stripey green "sureset" resin surface allows users to walk the length of Tolworth Broadway on the Greenway and to cross the Kingston ByPass (A3) at street level. The scheme aimed to revitalise Tolworth Broadway, improve safety and reduce traffic speeds. Critics believed that the area would be more dangerous, as pedestrians would cross the road wherever they chose.

Tolworth Court Farm

This historic farm site dates back to Norman times. Tolworth Court Farm Fields is now a Local Nature Reserve, and consists of a system of fields and hedgerows. Previously owned by the London Borough of Lambeth, it was purchased by the Royal Borough of Kingston in the 1980s. There is access from Kingston Road (A240) near Jubilee Way.

Community Centre

Tolworth is the home of the arts centre: The CornerHOUSE (Previously known as the Douglas Centre).

Police Stations

Surbiton Police station was opened in 1888 on the site of the previous Toll House on the corner of Ditton Road/Ellerton Road and Ewell Road. The red brick building was demolished many years ago but the site continued with police related use as a car compound and with staff operating from temporary cabins. The site is due to be developed by CNM Estates. The Police station moved to the former St Matthew's School building on the other side of the Ewell Road in 1977 where there was vehicle parking. It was also near the Metropolitan Police Garage in Hollyfield Road acquired in 1968 – formerly used by the Cooper Car Company. All have now been vacated by the Police. The building has been sympathetically restored to its previous educational use and is currently a venue for London Tutorial College, offering GCSE and A level programmes as well as language courses for domestic and international students. The Neighbourhood Office in Millbank House which opened in 2011 has also now closed.

Tolworth Hospital

Tolworth Hospital originally built as an isolation Hospital provides services for South West London and St George's Mental Health NHS Trust. The Trust provides mental health and social care service to the residents of Kingston, Richmond, Merton, Sutton and Wandsworth boroughs, as well as a number of specialist regional and national services.

Churches

Our Lady Immaculate Catholic Church, Tolworth - geograph.org.uk - 28821
Church of Our Lady Immaculate

Tolworth has two parish churches; an Anglican one in Hamilton Avenue, dedicated to Saint George, which was built in 1934 and not given its own parish until 2015; and a Roman Catholic one in Ewell Road, dedicated to Our Lady Immaculate, which was completed in 1958 and consecrated in 1963, replacing an earlier 1930s chapel. There is also a United Reformed Church in Elgar Avenue.

Development

CNM Estates have obtained planning permission for a 142-bed hotel, conferencing facility and associated parking close to Tolworth Station

Tesco Owned Former Green Fields, Tolworth

An 11-acre site bounded by the railway line serving Tolworth to the east, the A240 to the north and Hook Rise South & the A3 to the West. Plans were drawn up in the 1930s for the site to be used for circa 130 family homes in a similar style to much of Tolworth - this was part of a larger development to be known as the "Station Estate" (see above)

As part of the war effort, the land was taken over by the Ministry of Works and developed from green fields in the 1940s. It became an extensive but discreet development of low single story brick building covering the majority of the site. It remained in Government hands for a variety of uses from the MAFF and Ministry of Defence to the Directorate of Overseas Surveys, in its heyday it was reported to have employed over 1,000 people. It was finally vacated by the last 370 MAFF staff in October 1998 in preparation for sale.

Tesco purchased the site by private treaty in 2002 meaning it was never offered for sale on the open market. In 2000 the vacant possession value of the site was stated in Hansard as being £9.6 million. A number of surrounding buildings were purchased by Chinacorp a developer working with Tesco.

The site is zoned by the local authority, Kingston Council for residential and community use. The site has been subject to a number of planning applications for the construction of a retail store of up to 89,000 Sq Ft and up to 660 dwellings in buildings up to 12 storeys high.

Transport

National Rail

Tolworth is served by South West Trains with its own train station located just a short was from the main shopping area called Tolworth Broadway. Tolworth railway station has train services direct to London Waterloo (Northbound) and Chessington South (Southbound). Trains come to the station every half-hour from a little after 06:30 until 21:00 after which it is hourly until the last train a little after 23:00. Trains also stop at Raynes Park, Wimbledon, Clapham Junction and Vauxhall.

London Buses

London Buses connect Tolworth with long distance buses and local buses with destinations shown below:

  • Hook
  • Surbiton
  • Kingston
  • Epsom
  • West Ewell
  • New Malden
  • Putney
  • Kingston Vale
  • Roehampton
  • Norbiton Kingston Hospital
  • Berrylands
  • Kingston University
  • Twickenham Twickenham Stadium and Twickenham Stoop
  • Hounslow
  • Teddington
  • Fulwell
  • Hampton Wick

Road

Standing on the A3 from London to Guildford, Tolworth has good connections to London and to the M25 motorway. Kingston town centre (which includes Marks & Spencer, John Lewis and the Bentall Centre) is just 2 miles distant. Surbiton town centre is just under 1 mile away.

Nearby attractions

Also nearby are Rose Theatre, Kingston, Chessington World of Adventures, Richmond Park, Sandown Park, Hampton Court, Mercedes-Benz World, Brooklands Museum, Kempton Park Racecourse, Kingstonian F.C., AFC Wimbledon, Harlequin F.C., Ham House, Horton Country Park, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Bushy Park, and Morden Hall Park.

In the area

Tolworth Broadway has various shops, banks, cafes, an M&S supermarket, Tolworth Tower, a Travelodge hotel and 'Charrington Bowl'. Also near Tolworth railway station there is a Goals Soccer Centre and a Carting track. Alexandra Park. Fishponds Park (Fishponds was a Georgian house built between 1740-1742, part of the estate of Sir Frederick Butler of the tobacco family, bought by Surbiton Urban District Council in 1935).

Local geography

Sport and recreation

Tolworth has King George's Field, a memorial to King George V, where Corinthian-Casuals F.C. (two semi-pro football teams that have since merged) plays its home games.

Alexandra Park on King Charles Road has a basketball court.

Tolworth is the home of amateur football teams, Tolworth Athletic (who play in the Surrey South Eastern Combination League) and West London Blues.

Kingston University has a sports ground at Tolworth Court, Old Kingston Road

Tolworth has a Scouting movement, and is today represented by 1st Tolworth Scouts

A 32 lane Bowling Alley is situated near the Toby Jug roundabout - this was a joint venture between Excel Bowling and Bass Charrington. The original name "Excel Bowl" was changed in 1974 when Charrington & Co. took over Excel Bowling.

The 2012 & 2016 Irish Olympian Kieran Behan is a member of Tolworth Gymnastics Club, which is based in Fullers Way North.

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