Tustin, California facts for kids
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Clockwise from top: Tustin High School Student Quad, Old MCAS Base Tustin Blimp Hangar, Sherman Stevens House
City of Trees
Location of Tustin within Orange County, California
|Incorporated||September 21, 1927|
|Named for||Columbus Tustin|
|• Total||11.12 sq mi (28.81 km2)|
|• Land||11.12 sq mi (28.81 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||138 ft (42 m)|
|• Density||7,219.06/sq mi (18,697.28/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−8 (Pacific)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−7 (PDT)|
|Area code(s)||657/714, 949|
|GNIS feature IDs||1661590, 2412117|
Tustin is a city located in Orange County, California, in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. In 2020, Tustin had a population of 80,276. The city is located next to the county seat, Santa Ana, and does not include the unincorporated community of North Tustin.
Members of the Tongva and Juaneño/Luiseño nations long inhabited this area. After the 1769 expedition of Gaspar de Portolà, a Spanish expedition led by Father Junipero Serra named the area Vallejo de Santa Ana (Valley of Saint Anne). On November 1, 1776, Mission San Juan Capistrano became the area's first permanent European settlement in Alta California, New Spain.
In 1801, the Spanish Empire granted 62,500 acres (253 km2) to Jose Antonio Yorba, which he named Rancho San Antonio. Yorba's great rancho included the lands where the cities of Olive, Orange, Villa Park, Santa Ana, Tustin, Costa Mesa and Newport Beach stand today. Smaller ranchos evolved from this large rancho including the Rancho Santiago de Santa Ana.
After the Mexican-American war, Alta California became part of the United States and American settlers arrived in this area. Columbus Tustin, a carriage maker from Northern California, founded the city in the 1870s on 1,300 acres (5 km²) of land from the former Rancho Santiago de Santa Ana. The city was incorporated in 1927 with a population of about 900. The townsite was bordered by Camino Real on the south, Newport Avenue on the east, 1st Street on the north, & the Costa Mesa Freeway on the west. During World War II, a Navy anti-submarine airship base (later to become a Marine Corps helicopter station) was established in unincorporated land south of the city; the two dirigible hangars are among the largest wooden structures ever built and are listed on the National Register of Historic Places and ASCE List of Historic Civil Engineering Landmarks. Suburban growth after the war resulted in increased population, annexation of nearby unincorporated land including the base, and development of orchards and farmland into housing tracts and shopping malls.
Tustin is located at United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.1 square miles (28.7 km²). According to the
|Climate data for Tustin|
|Average high °F (°C)||70
|Average low °F (°C)||47
|Precipitation inches (mm)||2.96
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The 2010 United States Census reported that Tustin had a population of 75,540. The population density was 6,816.7 per square mile (2,631.9/km2). The racial makeup was 39,729 (52.6%) White (34.8% Non-Hispanic White), 1,722 (2.3%) African American, 442 (0.6%) Native American, 15,299 (20.3%) Asian, 268 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 14,499 (19.2%) from other races, and 3,581 (4.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 30,024 persons (39.7%).
The census reported that 75,020 people (99.3% of the population) lived in households, 340 (0.5%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters and 180 (0.2%) were institutionalized.
There were 25,203 households, of which 10,465 (41.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 12,969 (51.5%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 3,494 (13.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,472 (5.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,568 (6.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships and 193 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 5,178 households (20.5%) were one person and 1,403 (5.6%) had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.98. There were 17,935 families (71.2% of households) and the average family size was 3.46.
The age distribution was 20,212 people (26.8%) under the age of 18, 6,856 (9.1%) aged 18 to 24, 25,033 (33.1%) aged 25 to 44, 17,006 (22.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 6,433 (8.5%) who were 65 or older. The median age was 33.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males.
There were 26,476 housing units at an average density of 2,389.2 per square mile (922.5/km2). Of the occupied units, 12,813 (50.8%) were owner-occupied and 12,390 (49.2%) were rented. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.8%. 36,783 people (48.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 38,237 people (50.6%) lived in rental housing units.
According to the 2010 census, Tustin had a median household income of $74,011, with 12.2% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
At the 2000 census, there were 67,504 people in 23,831 households, including 16,062 families, in the city. The population density was 5,921.4 per square mile (2,286.3/km2). There were 25,501 housing units at an average density of 2,236.9 per square mile (863.7/km2). The racial make-up of the city was 58.72% White, 2.92% African American, 0.66% Native American, 14.90% Asian, 0.30% Pacific Islander, 17.94% from other races and 4.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 34.24% of the population.
Of the 23,831 households, 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.2% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-families. 24.1% of households were one person, and 5.2% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.37.
The age distribution was 26.8% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 38.1% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, and 7.1% 65 or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.9 males.
The median household income was $55,985 and the median family income was $60,092. Males had a median income of $42,456 and females $33,688. The per capita income was $25,932. About 5.8% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.8% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.
Points of interest
- The Market Place, formerly known as Tustin Market Place (official website)
- Jamestown Village Center (official website)
- The District at Tustin Legacy (official website)
- Enderle Center (official website)
- Marconi Automotive Museum (official website)
- Old Town Tustin (official website)
According to the city's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of employees|
|1||Tustin Unified School District||2,850|
|2||SchoolsFirst Federal Credit Union||983|
|3||Youngs Market Company LLC||681|
|5||New American Funding||645|
|6||City of Tustin||409|
|7||Avid Bioservices, Inc.||230|
|8||Vita Best Nutrition||215|
|9||Kaiser Permanente/Kaiser Foundation Hospitals||200|
Primary and secondary education in Tustin and surrounding unincorporated areas is overseen by the Tustin Unified School District. Tustin High School is a California Distinguished School, as is Foothill High School. Arnold O. Beckman High School is in the Best High Schools according to U.S. News & World Report. Tustin High School is also well-known regionally for its strong Model United Nations program. Springfield College, a non-profit, private, higher education institute, is located in the city of Tustin.
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