220 BC facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Europe map 220BC
Europe in 220 BC.
Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries: 4th century BC3rd century BC2nd century BC
Decades: 250s BC  240s BC  230s BC  – 220s BC –  210s BC  200s BC  190s BC
Years: 223 BC 222 BC 221 BC220 BC – 219 BC 218 BC 217 BC
220 BC by topic
Politics
State leaders – Sovereign states
Birth and death categories
Births – Deaths
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Establishments – Disestablishments
220 BC in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 220 BC
Ab urbe condita 534
Armenian calendar N/A
Assyrian calendar 4531
Bahá'í calendar -2063–-2062
Bengali calendar -812
Berber calendar 731
English Regnal year N/A
Buddhist calendar 325
Burmese calendar -857
Byzantine calendar 5289–5290
Chinese calendar 庚辰
(2417/2477)
— to —
辛巳
(2418/2478)
Coptic calendar -503–-502
Ethiopian calendar -227–-226
Hebrew calendar 3541–3542
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat -163–-162
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2882–2883
Holocene calendar 9781
Iranian calendar 841 BP – 840 BP
Islamic calendar 867 BH – 866 BH
Japanese calendar
Korean calendar 2114
Minguo calendar 2131 before ROC
民前2131年
Thai solar calendar 324


Year 220 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar.

Events

By place

Greece

  • Together with fellow Illyrian, Scerdilaidas, Demetrius of Pharos attacks Illyrian cities under Roman protection and leads a piratical squadron into Greek waters. They unsuccessfully attack Pylos, an Achaean town on the Messenian coast, in the Peloponnesus of Greece.
  • Scerdilaidas and the Aetolians invade Achaea. With the help of Cynaethan traitors, they attack, take and burn Cynaetha, a town in the north of Arcadia.
  • Rome strikes again against the Illyrian pirates starting the Second Illyrian War.
  • Demetrius seeks refuge with Philip V of Macedon, who is very resentful of the Roman interference. Rome occupies Demetrius' chief fortresses, Pharos and Dimillos.
  • Aratus of Sicyon goes against Aetolian aggression by getting help from the Hellenic League now under the leadership of Philip V of Macedon. In the Social War, the Hellenic League of Greek states is made in Corinth.
  • The Gortynians occupy Matala, on the island of Crete.

Seleucid Empire

  • With Molon in most of the Seleucid kingdom and taking the title of king, Antiochus III stops a fight to conquer southern Syria from Egypt. Antiochus III instead marches against Molon, defeating and killing him and his brother Alexander on the far bank of the Tigris. Antiochus goes on conquer Atropatene, the north-western part of Media.
  • Meanwhile, the birth of a son to Antiochus III and Laodice leads Hermeias to think about getting rid of the king. This is to rule under the name of the infant son. Antiochus finds the plan and has Hermeias killed.

Anatolia

  • Antiochus III's commander in Anatolia, Achaeus, got back all the districts from Attalus of Pergamum. Hermeias said Antiochus III wanted to revolt. Achaeus takes the title of king and rules over the Anatolian parts of the Seleucid kingdom.

Egypt

  • Arsinoe III marries her brother, King Ptolemy IV of Egypt.

Roman Republic

  • During his censorship, the Roman political leader, Gaius Flaminius, builds the Circus Flaminius on the Campus Martius. He also builds the Via Flaminia from Rome to Ariminum (Rimini).

China

  • Qin Shi Huang begins a system of tree-lined roads to connect all parts of China. He begins to join regional walls to form the beginnings of the Great Wall (Wan li chang cheng).

By topic

Art

  • A bronze statue called Gallic Chieftain killing his wife and himself is made (approximate date). A Roman copy after the original statue is today kept at Museo Nazionale Romano in Rome.
  • A bronze statue called Dying Gallic trumpeter is made (possibly by Epigonos) (230-220 BC). A marble Roman copy after the original statue is today kept at Museo Capitolino in Rome.


Deaths

  • Conon of Samos, Greek mathematician and astronomer whose work on conic sections (curves of the intersections of a right circular cone with a plane) serves as the basis for the fourth book of the Conics of Apollonius of Perga (b. c. 280 BC)
  • Molon, general of the Seleucid king Antiochus III who has rebelled against his rule
  • Hermeias, the favourite and chief minister of the Seleucid king Seleucus III and, for a short time, chief minister to Antiochus III

220 BC Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.