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Allegan County, Michigan facts for kids

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Allegan County
Map of Michigan highlighting Allegan County
Location within the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Michigan
Founded established 1831
organized 1835
Seat Allegan
Largest city Holland
 • Total 1,833 sq mi (4,750 km2)
 • Land 825 sq mi (2,140 km2)
 • Water 1,008 sq mi (2,610 km2)  55%%
 • Total 111,408
 • Density 135/sq mi (52/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts 2nd, 6th

Allegan County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of 2010 census, the population was 111,408. The county seat is Allegan. The name was coined by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft to sound like a Native American word.

Allegan County comprises the Holland, MI Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Grand Rapids-Wyoming-Muskegon, MI Combined Statistical Area. It is primarily an agricultural area that is rapidly becoming urbanized as the population centers of Grand Rapids on the northeast and Kalamazoo to the southeast expand into Allegan County.

The county has long been a regional tourist draw, particularly the Tulip Time Festival in Holland and the area along Lake Michigan. The Lake Michigan shoreline has long been a popular place for vacation homes, and that such development continues, especially around Saugatuck and Douglas. Another draw is Allegan State Game Area, a 45,000 acres (180 km2) forest attracting campers, snowmobilers, cross-country skiers and hunters. Allegan County also hosts Saugatuck Dunes State Park with trails through scenic dunes and a swimming beach on Lake Michigan. Lake Allegan is another popular destination.


As with other areas of Michigan, this territory was long occupied by bands of the Potowatomi and Ojibwe of the Lake Superior Band of Chippewa Indians. The United States government persuaded the tribes to cede their extensive territories to the federal government, in exchange for annuities and small reservations. The federally recognized Match-E-Be-Nash-She-Wish Band of Pottowatomi has a reservation here.

The boundaries of Allegan County were laid out by the legislature in 1831. The county was organized in 1835. At that time there were only about four European-American families permanently settled in the area. Among the first settlers of Allegan County were Giles Scott and Turner Aldrich.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,833 square miles (4,750 km2), of which 825 square miles (2,140 km2) is land and 1,008 square miles (2,610 km2) (55%) is water.

Adjacent counties


  • I-196
  • BL I-196
  • US 31
  • US 131
  • M-40
  • M-89
  • M-179
  • M-222
  • A-2
  • A-37
  • A-42
  • A-45


Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,783
1850 5,125 187.4%
1860 16,087 213.9%
1870 32,105 99.6%
1880 37,815 17.8%
1890 38,961 3.0%
1900 38,812 −0.4%
1910 39,819 2.6%
1920 37,540 −5.7%
1930 38,974 3.8%
1940 41,839 7.4%
1950 47,493 13.5%
1960 57,729 21.6%
1970 66,575 15.3%
1980 81,555 22.5%
1990 90,509 11.0%
2000 105,665 16.7%
2010 111,408 5.4%
Est. 2015 114,625 2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 111,408 people residing in the county. 92.9% were White, 1.2% Black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.6% Native American, 2.8% of some other race and 1.9% of two or more races. 6.7% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 23.0% were of Dutch, 17.5% German, 8.3% English, 7.1% Irish and 7.1% American ancestry.

As of the 2000 census, there were 105,665 people, 38,165 households, and 28,394 families residing in the county. The population density was 128 people per square mile (49/km²). There were 43,292 housing units at an average density of 52 per square mile (20/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.47% White, 1.31% Black or African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.55% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.77% from other races, and 1.32% from two or more races. 5.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.6% were of Dutch, 17.8% German, 9.6% American, 8.4% English and 7.2% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 93.6% spoke only English; 5.2% spoke Spanish at home.

There were 38,165 households out of which 37.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.40% were married couples living together, 9.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.60% were non-families. 20.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.90% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 30.00% from 25 to 44, 22.00% from 45 to 64, and 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 99.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,813, and the median income for a family was $51,908. Males had a median income of $38,681 versus $26,887 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,918. About 5.00% of families and 7.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.50% of those under age 18 and 7.90% of those age 65 or over.


The Reformed Church in America was the largest Protestant denomination with 4,500 members in 11 churches, followed by the United Methodist Church with 3,600 congregants in 20 churches. The third largest Protestant denomination is the Christian Reformed Church with 10 churches and 2,600 members. The Catholic Church has 10,000 members as of 2010.




Unincorporated communities


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