Amherst, New York facts for kids

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Amherst, New York
Town
[[Image:
Flag of Amherst, New York
Flag of Amherst, New York
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Flag
Country United States
State New York
County Erie County
Elevation 594 ft (181.1 m)
Coordinates 42°58′42″N 78°48′00″W / 42.97833°N 78.8°W / 42.97833; -78.8
Area 53.6 sq mi (138.8 km²)
 - land 53.2 sq mi (138 km²)
 - water 0.4 sq mi (1 km²), 0.75%
Population 122,366 (2010)
Density 2,300.0 /sq mi (888 /km²)
Incorporated 1818
Town Supervisor Barry A. Weinstein (R)
Timezone EST (UTC-5)
 - summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 14051, 14068, 14221, 14226, 14228
Area code 716
Location in Erie County and the state of New York.
Location in Erie County and the state of New York.
Location of New York in the United States
Location of New York in the United States
Website: www.amherst.ny.us

Amherst (Listeni/ˈæmhərst/) is a town in Erie County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 122,366. This represents an increase of 5.0% from the 2000 census.

The largest and most populous suburb of Buffalo, New York, the town of Amherst encompasses most of the village of Williamsville as well as the hamlets of Eggertsville, Getzville, Snyder, Swormville, and East Amherst. The town is in the northern part of the county and borders a section of the Erie Canal. most of the eastern side of the town is referred to as Williamsville, New York due to sharing the zip code with the village and closeness

Amherst is home to the north campus of the University at Buffalo, the graduate campus of Medaille College, a satellite campus of Bryant & Stratton College, and Daemen College.

History

The town of Amherst was created by the State of New York on April 10, 1818; named after Lord Jeffrey Amherst. Amherst was formed from part of the town of Buffalo (later the city of Buffalo), which had previously been created from the town of Clarence. Timothy S. Hopkins was elected the first supervisor of the town of Amherst in 1819. Part of Amherst was later used to form the town of Cheektowaga in 1839.

The Town of Amherst Archives Center is housed in the Former Reformed Mennonite Church. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 53.6 square miles (138.8 km2), of which 53.2 square miles (137.8 km2) is land and 0.39 square miles (1.0 km2), or 0.73%, is water.

Much of Amherst was originally floodplain and marshland, much of which has been drained in recent years to facilitate development of new homes and businesses. The central and southern parts of the town are heavily suburbanized; however, the southernmost hamlets of Eggertsville and Snyder and the village of Williamsville have managed to retain much of their original character. The northern part of the town is still relatively undeveloped, with the prominent exception of the portions along Niagara Falls Boulevard (U.S. Route 62) bordering the towns of Tonawanda and Wheatfield. Some sections of northern and eastern Amherst have experienced problems with residential foundations as a result of unstable soil conditions. A few active farms may still be found in the northern part of the town.

Amherst is bordered on the north by Tonawanda Creek and Niagara County. Ellicott Creek flows through the town.

Neighborhoods

20090410 Amherst Municipal Building
Amherst Municipal Building

Areas within Amherst are referred to by the former post office station names and are not legally incorporated. During the 1990s, many of these regional post offices were closed and consolidated into the central Amherst 14226 post office on Bailey Avenue, leaving only a Williamsville (14221) post office on Sheridan Drive, a Getzville (14068) post office on Millersport Highway, and an East Amherst (14051) post office on Transit Road. Mailing addresses to areas within the town are Amherst, East Amherst, Eggertsville, Getzville, Snyder, and Williamsville. These postal districts are still recognized by the post office and widely referred to by citizens.

Some of these mailing addresses overlap: some areas of Clarence directly east of Transit Road have Williamsville addresses, although for the purposes of taxes, schools and community resources, these people are residents of the Town of Clarence.

The areas listed below are governed and run by the Town of Amherst except for the Village of Williamsville, an independent political entity.

  • Eggertsville is a suburban community in the southwest part of the town, bordering on Buffalo centered around Eggert Road. Daemen College is located on Main Street (Route 5). The community is named after early postmaster Christian Eggert.
  • Getzville -- A location near the center of the town by Campbell Boulevard (Route 270) and Dodge Road. The name comes from early resident Joseph Getz.
  • Audubon - A location in the center of the town situated around John James Audubon Parkway. The town police, courthouse, and main library are located here.
  • East Amherst (formerly Transit Station) -- An unincorporated community, or hamlet, in the eastern part of the town, shared with the Town of Clarence.
  • Grover Cleveland Terrace -- A neighborhood in the southwest corner of the town.
  • North Bailey -- A location by the junction of Bailey Avenue and Maple Road.
  • Snyder (originally Snyderville after postmaster Michael Snyder} -- A suburban community located between Eggertsville and the Village of Williamsville.
  • Swormville - A hamlet in the eastern part of the town, shared with the Town of Clarence. Named for Adam Schworm, prominent landowner and businessman.
  • West Amherst - A location in the northwestern part of the town bordered by Niagara Falls Boulevard (US 62) to the west, Sweet Home Road to the east and Maple Road to the south. Principally the section of the town which comprises the Sweet Home central school district.
  • Williamsville - Most of the Village of Williamsville is within Amherst, located in the south part of the town.

Climate

Amherst is among the top ten American cities (with a population greater than 50,000) in average yearly snowfall. Average high temperatures from May through October range from 60 to 81 degrees. Average high temperatures from November through March range from 31 to 47 degrees.

Arts and culture

Many festivals are celebrated in Amherst throughout the year. The town is home to the Buffalo Niagara Heritage Village.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 768
1830 2,489 224.1%
1840 2,451 −1.5%
1850 4,153 69.4%
1860 5,086 22.5%
1870 5,265 3.5%
1880 4,319 −18.0%
1890 4,014 −7.1%
1900 4,223 5.2%
1910 4,629 9.6%
1920 6,286 35.8%
1930 13,181 109.7%
1940 19,356 46.8%
1950 31,407 62.3%
1960 57,439 82.9%
1970 90,734 58.0%
1980 108,706 19.8%
1990 111,740 2.8%
2000 116,510 4.3%
2010 122,366 5.0%
Est. 2014 124,837 2.0%
Historical Population Figures

As of the census of 2010, there were 122,366 people, 48,894 households, and 29,840 families residing in the town. There were 51,179 housing units. The racial makeup of the town was 83.8% White, 5.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 7.9% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.5% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.3% of the population.

There were 48,894 households out of which 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.0% were non-families. 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 31.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.98.

The median income for a household in the town was $55,427, and the median income for a family was $68,951. Males had a median income of $51,667 versus $32,030 for females. The per capita income for the town was $27,647. About 4.2% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.6% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.

51.7% of residents (aged 25 and over) have obtained a Bachelor's degree or higher, including 26.7% with a Graduate or professional degree.

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