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Jeffery Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst facts for kids

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Field Marshal The Right Honourable

The Lord Amherst

KB
Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst.jpg
Amherst by Thomas Gainsborough c.1785
Commander-in-Chief, North America
In office
1758–1763
Crown Governor of Virginia
In office
1759–1768
Monarch
Preceded by John Campbell, 4th Earl of Loudoun
Succeeded by Norborne Berkeley, 4th Baron Botetourt
Governor of the Province of Quebec
In office
1760–1763
Monarch George III
Preceded by Post created—replacing the French post of Governor General of New France
Succeeded by James Murray
Personal details
Born (1717-01-29)29 January 1717
Sevenoaks, Kent, Great Britain
Died 3 August 1797(1797-08-03) (aged 80)
Sevenoaks, Kent, Great Britain
Resting place Parish Church at Sevenoaks
Awards Knight of the Order of the Bath
Signature
Military service
Allegiance Kingdom of Great Britain
Branch/service British Army
Years of service 1735–1795
Rank Field marshal
Commands
  • 15th Regiment of Foot
  • North America
  • 62nd (Royal American) Regiment
  • 3rd Regiment of Foot
  • Lieutenant-General of the Ordnance
  • Commander-in-Chief of the Forces
  • 2nd Troop Horse Grenadier Guards
  • The Queen's Troop of Horse Guards
  • 2nd Regiment of Life Guards
Battles/wars

Field Marshal Jeffery Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst, KB (29 January 1717 – 3 August 1797) was an officer and Commander-in-Chief of the Forces in the British Army. Amherst is best known as the architect of Britain's successful campaign to conquer the territory of New France during the Seven Years' War. Under his command, British forces captured the cities of Louisbourg, Quebec City and Montreal, as well as several major fortresses. He was also the first British Governor General in the territories that eventually became Canada. Numerous places and streets are named for him, in both Canada and the United States.

Amherst's legacy is controversial due to his expressed desire to exterminate the race of indigenous people during Pontiac's War, and his advocacy of biological warfare in the form of gifting blankets infected with smallpox as a weapon, notably at the Siege of Fort Pitt. This has led to a reconsideration of his legacy. In 2019, the City of Montreal removed his name from a street in the city, renaming it Rue Atateken, from the Kanien'kéha Mohawk language. The town of Amherst, Nova Scotia is controversially named for him, as is the town of Amherstburg, Ontario.

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