Azerbaijani people facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Azerbaijanis
Azərbaycanlılar, Azərilər
آذربایجانلیلار, آذری لر
Azeri 7.jpg
Total population
approx. 25–35 million
Regions with significant populations
 Iran 15 to 30 million
 Azerbaijan 8,172,800
 Russia 621,800 to 1,500,000
 Turkey 530,000 to 2,500,000
 Georgia 284,761 to 500,000
 Kazakhstan 78,295
 Ukraine 45,176
 Uzbekistan 44,400
 Turkmenistan 33,365
 Netherlands 18,000
 Kyrgyzstan 17,823
 Germany 15,219
 United Kingdom 15,000
 Belarus 6,362
 United States 5,553
 Canada 3,465
 Latvia 1,697
 Austria 1,000
 Estonia 880
 Lithuania 788
Languages
Azerbaijani
Religion
Predominantly Shia Islam; minorities practice Sunni Islam, Christianity, Bahá'í Faith, and Zoroastrianism
Related ethnic groups
Other Turkic peoples, Iranian peoples, peoples of the Caucasus

The Azerbaijanis or Azeris are Turkic people living mainly in northwestern Iran and the Republic of Azerbaijan. They also live in Georgia, Russia (Dagestan), Turkey and formerly Armenia. The Azerbaijanis are mostly Shi'a Muslim.

Background

After the Russo-Persian War (1804–1813) and Russo-Persian War (1826–1828), the land of the Iranian Qajar dynasty in the Caucasus were given to the Russian Empire which makes up the present territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The lands which stayed as part of the Qajar dynasty in Iran, is now known as Iranian Azerbaijan. Even though they live on two sides of an international border, the Azerbaijanis are a single ethnic group. However, northerners and southerners differ due to nearly two centuries of separate social evolution of Iranian Azerbaijanis and Russian/Soviet-influenced Azerbaijan. The Azerbaijani language unifies Azerbaijanis, and is mutually intelligible with Turkmen, Qashqai, Gagauz, Turkish, and the dialects spoken by the Iraqi Turkmen, all of which belong to the Oghuz, or Western, group of Turkic languages.

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