|approx. 25–35 million|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Iran||15 to 30 million|
|Russia||621,800 to 1,500,000|
|Turkey||530,000 to 2,500,000|
|Georgia||284,761 to 500,000|
|Predominantly Shia Islam; minorities practice Sunni Islam, Christianity, Bahá'í Faith, and Zoroastrianism|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Other Turkic peoples, Iranian peoples, peoples of the Caucasus|
The Azerbaijanis or Azeris are Turkic people living mainly in northwestern Iran and the Republic of Azerbaijan. They also live in Georgia, Russia (Dagestan), Turkey and formerly Armenia. The Azerbaijanis are mostly Shi'a Muslim.
After the Russo-Persian War (1804–1813) and Russo-Persian War (1826–1828), the land of the Iranian Qajar dynasty in the Caucasus were given to the Russian Empire which makes up the present territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Lands which Iran kept are now known as Iranian Azerbaijan. Even though they live on two sides of an international border, the Azerbaijanis are a single ethnic group. However, northerners and southerners differ due to nearly two centuries of separate social evolution of Iranian Azerbaijanis and Russian/Soviet-influenced Azerbaijan. The Azerbaijani language unifies Azerbaijanis, and is mutually intelligible with Turkmen, Qashqai, Gagauz, Turkish, and the dialects spoken by the Iraqi Turkmen, all of which belong to the Oghuz, or Western, group of Turkic languages.
- Azerbaijan -Citizendium
Images for kids
Painting of Atropates, meeting with Alexander the Great. Historical Azerbaijan (also known as Iranian Azerbaijan) is believed to be named after him.
Map of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic presented by the Azerbaijani delegation Paris Peace Conference in 1919.
Soldiers and officers of the army of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic in 1918
Sattar Khan (1868–1914) was a major revolutionary figure in the late Qajar period in Iran.
Portrait of Muhammad Fuzûlî by Azim Azimzade (1914). Fuzûlî is considered one of the greatest Azerbaijani poets.
Chess player Shakhriyar Mamedyarov.
Azerbaijani people Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.