|approx. 25–35 million|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Iran||15 to 30 million|
|Russia||621,800 to 1,500,000|
|Turkey||530,000 to 2,500,000|
|Georgia||284,761 to 500,000|
|Predominantly Shia Islam; minorities practice Sunni Islam, Christianity, Bahá'í Faith, and Zoroastrianism|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Other Turkic peoples, Iranian peoples, peoples of the Caucasus|
The Azerbaijanis or Azeris are Turkic people living mainly in northwestern Iran and the Republic of Azerbaijan. They also live in Georgia, Russia (Dagestan), Turkey and formerly Armenia. The Azerbaijanis are mostly Shi'a Muslim.
After the Russo-Persian War (1804–1813) and Russo-Persian War (1826–1828), the land of the Iranian Qajar dynasty in the Caucasus were given to the Russian Empire which makes up the present territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The lands which stayed as part of the Qajar dynasty in Iran, is now known as Iranian Azerbaijan. Even though they live on two sides of an international border, the Azerbaijanis are a single ethnic group. However, northerners and southerners differ due to nearly two centuries of separate social evolution of Iranian Azerbaijanis and Russian/Soviet-influenced Azerbaijan. The Azerbaijani language unifies Azerbaijanis, and is mutually intelligible with Turkmen, Qashqai, Gagauz, Turkish, and the dialects spoken by the Iraqi Turkmen, all of which belong to the Oghuz, or Western, group of Turkic languages.
List of people
Images for kids
Painting of Atropates, Historical Azerbaijan is believed to be named after him, meeting with Alexander the Great.
Portrait of Muhammad Fuzûlî by Azim Azimzade (1914). Fuzûlî is considered one of the greatest Azerbaijani poets.
Azerbaijani populated regions of the Caucasus
Azerbaijani singers Ell & Nikki won the 2011 Eurovision Song Contest.
Chess player Shakhriyar Mamedyarov.
Ali Daei, the world's all-time leading goal scorer in international matches and the former captain of the Iran national soccer team.
Azerbaijani people Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.