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Brookline, New Hampshire facts for kids

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Brookline, New Hampshire
Main Street in Brookline
Main Street in Brookline
Official seal of Brookline, New Hampshire
Location in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Hillsborough
Incorporated 1769
Villages Brookline
North Brookline
South Brookline
 • Total 20.2 sq mi (52.3 km2)
 • Land 19.8 sq mi (51.4 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2)  1.79%
256 ft (78 m)
 • Total 5,639
 • Density 284/sq mi (109.8/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-08100
GNIS feature ID 0873554

Brookline is a town in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 5,639 at the 2020 census, up from 4,991 at the 2010 census. Brookline is home to the Talbot-Taylor Wildlife Sanctuary, Potanipo Pond, and the Brookline Covered Bridge.


Railroad Station, Brookline, NH
Boston & Maine Railroad Station in 1907

First a part of Dunstable, Massachusetts, then settled as West Hollis, New Hampshire, the town was granted in 1769 as "Raby". New Hampshire Governor John Wentworth named it after his cousin, the 4th Earl of Strafford and Baron of Raby Castle.

The town was renamed in 1798 at the suggestion of a leading citizen in town originally from Brookline, Massachusetts. By 1859, when the population was 718, there were eight sawmills and one gristmill, as well as a sash and blind shop. In the earlier days of the town, Brookline was known throughout southern New Hampshire for producing lumber, charcoal and casks. The Boston and Maine Railroad eventually branched into Brookline in 1892. The train station that served Brookline during the railroad's tenure in the town has since been renovated into a private residential home. A large fraction of the area that was once railroad track is now New Hampshire Route 13.

The town received national attention in 1997, when people participating in the traditional ringing of the Congregational Church bell at midnight on the Fourth of July were arrested. Several prominent members of the community were among those arrested, including Road Agent Clarence Farwell and his wife. The incident led to an investigation of the Brookline police department after questions of excessive force were raised following the arrests.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 20.1 square miles (52 km2), of which 19.8 sq mi (51 km2) is land and 0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2) is water, comprising 1.79% of the town. The town's highest point is the western summit of Birch Hill, at 810 feet (250 m) above sea level. Potanipo Hill is a 613-foot-high (187 m) summit southwest of the town center that once was the site of a ski area from 1935 to 1984, and now is home to Andres Institute of Art.

Brookline is drained by the Nissitissit River and Spaulding Brook. The 10-mile-long (16 km) Nissitissit is known for its abundance of trout. The Nissitissit begins at the outlet of Potanipo Pond, 12 mile (0.8 km) west of the town center. Brookline lies within the Merrimack River watershed.

Brookline is bordered by Mason to the west, Milford to the north, Hollis to the east, and Townsend and Pepperell, Massachusetts to the south. It is about 12 miles (19 km) west of Nashua and approximately 50 miles (80 km) northwest of Boston, Massachusetts.

Brookline Community Church 2015
Brookline Community Church (built 1838)

The town is crossed by New Hampshire Route 13 and New Hampshire Route 130.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 338
1800 454 34.3%
1810 538 18.5%
1820 592 10.0%
1830 627 5.9%
1840 652 4.0%
1850 718 10.1%
1860 756 5.3%
1870 741 −2.0%
1880 698 −5.8%
1890 548 −21.5%
1900 505 −7.8%
1910 501 −0.8%
1920 546 9.0%
1930 511 −6.4%
1940 561 9.8%
1950 671 19.6%
1960 795 18.5%
1970 1,167 46.8%
1980 1,766 51.3%
1990 2,410 36.5%
2000 4,181 73.5%
2010 4,991 19.4%
2020 5,639 13.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,181 people, 1,343 households, and 1,146 families residing in the town. The population density was 211.5 people per square mile (81.7/km2). There were 1,384 housing units at an average density of 70.0 per square mile (27.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.87% White, 0.14% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.91% of the population.

There were 1,343 households, out of which 51.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.7% were married couples living together, 5.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.6% were non-families. 10.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 3.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.11 and the average family size was 3.36.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 33.6% under the age of 18, 4.0% from 18 to 24, 35.7% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 5.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $77,075, and the median income for a family was $80,214. Males had a median income of $55,417 versus $32,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $29,272. About 0.9% of families and 0.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.9% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

Economic development

The Brookline selectboard chartered the town's Economic Development Committee (EDC) to "promote balanced, long-term economic development, which reflects and enhances the character of the community." The EDC publishes a newsletter three or four times a year to promote local businesses.

Community events

Two major community events take place in Brookline: the winter Chowder/Soup/Chili Cook-Off and the early-fall Bridal Show. Hundreds of New England residents have attended these two events.

Town newspaper

The Brookliner has been published biweekly since 1966.

Sites of interest

  • Sawtelle, Ithamar B., History of Brookline, New Hampshire (1885)
  • Parker, Edward E., History of Brookline, formerly Raby, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire (1914)


Brookline is home to a thriving K–6 grade school system. Richard Maghakian Memorial School, an elementary school for grades K–3, and Captain Samuel Douglass Academy, which caters to children in grades 4–6, strive to provide a traditional education for its students focusing on STEM and the Arts to provide solidly based education.

Brookline is part of a cooperative school district with the neighboring town of Hollis, sharing a middle and high school Cooperative district with the neighboring town of Hollis.

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See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Brookline (Nuevo Hampshire) para niños

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