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Brooks
City
City of Brooks
Brooks from the air
Brooks from the air
Official logo of Brooks
Nickname(s): 
Alberta's Centennial City
Motto(s): 
Beautiful and Bountiful
Country Canada
Province Alberta
Region Southern Alberta
Census division 2
Incorporated  
 • Village July 14, 1910
 • Town September 8, 1911
 • City September 1, 2005
Area
 (2016)
 • Land 18.59 km2 (7.18 sq mi)
Elevation
760 m (2,490 ft)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total 14,451
 • Density 777.3/km2 (2,013/sq mi)
 • Municipal census (2015)
14,185
 • Agglomeration
23,430
Time zone UTC−7 (MST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
Postal code span
T1R
Area code(s) +1-403, +1-587
Highways Trans-Canada Highway
Highway 36
Railways Canadian Pacific Railway

Brooks is a city in southeast Alberta, Canada, surrounded by the County of Newell. It is located on Highway 1 (Trans-Canada Highway) and the Canadian Pacific Railway, approximately 186 km (116 mi) southeast of Calgary, and 110 km (68 mi) northwest of Medicine Hat. The city has an elevation of 760 m (2,490 ft).

History

The area that is now Brooks was originally used as a bison hunting ground for the Blackfoot and Crow. After Treaty 7 was signed in 1877, homesteaders moved into the area to begin farming. Before 1904, the area still did not have a name. Through a Postmaster General-sponsored contest, the area was named after Noel Edgell Brooks, a Canadian Pacific Railway Divisional Engineer from Calgary.

Brooks incorporated as a village on July 14, 1910, and then as a town on September 8, 1911. Its population in the 1911 Census of Canada was 486.

In the 1996 Census, the population of Brooks reached 10,093 making it eligible for city status. Brooks incorporated as a city on September 1, 2005 when its official population was 11,604.

In 2010, Brooks celebrated its centennial as a municipality since originally incorporating as a village in 1910.

Demographics

In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the City of Brooks recorded a population of 14,451 living in 5,046 of its 5,412 total private dwellings, a change of 5.7% from its 2011 population of 13,676. With a land area of 18.59 km2 (7.18 sq mi), it had a population density of 777.4/km2 (2,013/sq mi) in 2016.

The population of the City of Brooks according to its 2015 municipal census is 14,185, a change of 4.4% from its 2007 municipal census population of 13,581.

In the 2011 Census, the City of Brooks had a population of 13,676 living in 5,037 of its 5,509 total dwellings, a change of 9.3% from its 2006 adjusted population of 12,508. With a land area of 18.19 km2 (7.02 sq mi), it had a population density of 751.8/km2 (1,947/sq mi) in 2011.

A multicultural community, Brooks has been referred to as "The City of 100 Hellos" as a result of a documentary by Brandy Yanchyk profiling the community's significant immigrant, refugee and temporary foreign worker populations. The documentary was called Brooks – The City of 100 Hellos and was created in 2010 for Omni Television. The community's multicultural character was also the subject of a 2007 National Film Board of Canada documentary, 24 Days in Brooks, directed by Dana Inkster.

Federal census
population history
Year Pop. ±%
1911 486 —    
1916 290 −40.3%
1921 499 +72.1%
1926 511 +2.4%
1931 708 +38.6%
1936 697 −1.6%
1941 888 +27.4%
1946 1,091 +22.9%
1951 1,648 +51.1%
1956 2,320 +40.8%
1961 2,827 +21.9%
1966 3,354 +18.6%
1971 3,986 +18.8%
1976 6,339 +59.0%
1981 9,421 +48.6%
1986 9,464 +0.5%
1991 9,433 −0.3%
1996 10,093 +7.0%
2001 11,604 +15.0%
2006 12,498 +7.7%
2011 13,676 +9.4%
2016 14,451 +5.7%
Source: Statistics Canada

Visible minorities and Aboriginal population
Canada 2006 Census Population  % of Total Population
Visible minority group
Source:
South Asian 175 1.4%
Chinese 195 1.6%
Black 1,110 8.9%
Filipino 75 0.6%
Latin American 55 0.4%
Arab 80 0.6%
Southeast Asian 265 2.1%
West Asian 55 0.4%
Korean 40 0.3%
Japanese 70 0.6%
Other visible minority 0 0%
Mixed visible minority 20 0.2%
Total visible minority population 2,135 17.1%
Aboriginal group
Source:
First Nations 155 1.2%
Métis 135 1.1%
Inuit 10 0.1%
Total Aboriginal population 310 2.5%
White 10,050 80.4%
Total population 12,495 100%

Geography

Prairie near Brooks
Prairie southwest of Brooks

Brooks is located in the Grassland Natural Region of Alberta. The area surrounding Brooks is dry mixed grass/shortgrass prairie.

Climate

Located in the steppe region known as the Palliser's Triangle, Brooks has a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk). Winters are dry and cold, with little snowfall compared to the rest of Canada. Chinook winds, though less common than in areas west and especially southwest of Brooks, are not uncommon, and ameliorate the cold winter temperatures temporarily when they pass over. Wide diurnal temperature ranges are regular, due to the aridity and moderately high elevation. Low humidity is prevalent throughout the year. Most of the relatively scant annual precipitation occurs in late spring and summer, often in the form of thunderstorms. On average, the coldest month is January, with a mean temperature of −10.1 °C (13.8 °F), while the warmest is July, with a mean temperature of 19.6 °C (67.3 °F). The driest month is February, with an average monthly precipitation of 9.1 mm (0.36 in), while the wettest month is June, with an average of 74.2 mm (2.92 in). Annual precipitation is low, with an average of 301.3 mm (11.86 in).

Climate data for Brooks, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1912–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.8
(64)
18.3
(64.9)
26.6
(79.9)
31.1
(88)
35.6
(96.1)
37.2
(99)
40.0
(104)
38.9
(102)
36.1
(97)
33.3
(91.9)
24.4
(75.9)
20.0
(68)
40.0
(104)
Average high °C (°F) -4.0
(24.8)
0.0
(32)
4.4
(39.9)
13.2
(55.8)
18.5
(65.3)
22.4
(72.3)
27.5
(81.5)
26.2
(79.2)
20.5
(68.9)
13.2
(55.8)
4.0
(39.2)
-1.2
(29.8)
12.1
(53.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) -10.1
(13.8)
-6.6
(20.1)
-1.9
(28.6)
5.9
(42.6)
11.3
(52.3)
15.7
(60.3)
19.6
(67.3)
18.3
(64.9)
12.8
(55)
5.8
(42.4)
-2.1
(28.2)
-7.3
(18.9)
5.1
(41.2)
Average low °C (°F) -16.2
(2.8)
-13.1
(8.4)
-8.3
(17.1)
-1.4
(29.5)
3.9
(39)
8.9
(48)
11.7
(53.1)
10.3
(50.5)
5.0
(41)
-1.6
(29.1)
-8.2
(17.2)
-13.4
(7.9)
-1.9
(28.6)
Record low °C (°F) -46.7
(-52.1)
-43.9
(-47)
-40.6
(-41.1)
-25.0
(-13)
-11.1
(12)
-2.2
(28)
1.7
(35.1)
-1.1
(30)
-11.1
(12)
-24.4
(-11.9)
-36.1
(-33)
-47.2
(-53)
-47.2
(-53)
Precipitation mm (inches) 12.8
(0.504)
9.1
(0.358)
19.0
(0.748)
22.3
(0.878)
34.9
(1.374)
74.2
(2.921)
26.2
(1.031)
37.7
(1.484)
29.2
(1.15)
11.4
(0.449)
12.8
(0.504)
11.7
(0.461)
301.3
(11.862)
Rainfall mm (inches) 0.2
(0.008)
0.2
(0.008)
2.8
(0.11)
17.8
(0.701)
32.2
(1.268)
74.2
(2.921)
26.2
(1.031)
37.7
(1.484)
29.0
(1.142)
7.5
(0.295)
2.2
(0.087)
1.0
(0.039)
231.0
(9.094)
Snowfall cm (inches) 12.9
(5.08)
9.4
(3.7)
16.9
(6.65)
4.6
(1.81)
2.7
(1.06)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.3
(0.12)
3.8
(1.5)
10.6
(4.17)
10.6
(4.17)
71.7
(28.23)
Humidity 70.4 64.9 54.0 40.3 39.8 46.5 39.6 39.7 42.5 47.6 58.9 68.9 51.2
Sunshine hours 91.6 114.9 158.3 215.1 266.3 290.2 338.8 302.1 200.9 169.7 105.8 75.1 2,328.9
Source: Environment Canada, (Sunshine 1961–1990)

Arts and culture

Brooks has won the Communities in Bloom competition four times in a row. Brooks has won Tidiness and Community Involvement Awards at a national level.

The Brooks Public Library, with a collection of over 50,000 items, serves both the City of Brooks and the County of Newell.

Attractions

The Lakeside Leisure Centre is the area's main recreation centre. It includes one arena, a curling rink, an aquatic centre with a waterslide and wave pool, a gymnasium, a fitness centre, and multipurpose rooms. The complex was renovated in 2005.

In 2010, the Duke of Sutherland Park was redeveloped. It features baseball diamonds, a soccer field, a playground and a 3,200 ft (980 m)² waterpark with spray features for toddlers and a play structure for older children.

Also in 2010, the Centennial Regional Arena was completed after nearly a decade of planning and 18 months of construction. The multi-purpose facility seats 1,704 people. It includes corporate boxes, a running track, concessions, and a 200 ft × 85 ft (61 m × 26 m) surface. The arena is home to several user groups, including the Brooks Bandits.

There are three provincial parks in the area: Dinosaur Provincial Park, a World Heritage Site, to the northeast, Tillebrook Provincial Park to the east and Kinbrook Island Provincial Park to the south. In addition, there are several other recreational sites in the area including the Rolling Hills Reservoir, Crawling Valley Reservoir, and Emerson Bridge.

The Brooks Aqueduct southeast of Brooks was built to transport irrigation water across the Eastern Irrigation District. It spans across a 3.2 km (2.0 mi) valley, about 20 m (66 ft) above the ground.

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