List of cities in Alberta facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Alberta's Cities
Distribution of Alberta's 18 cities, 2 urban service areas and 9 towns that are eligible for city status.

A city is the highest form of all incorporated urban municipality statuses used in the Canadian Province of Alberta. Alberta cities are created when communities with populations of at least 10,000 people, where a majority of their buildings are on parcels of land smaller than 1,850 m², apply to Alberta Municipal Affairs for city status under the authority of the Municipal Government Act. Applications for city status are approved via orders in council made by the Lieutenant Governor in Council under recommendation from the Minister of Municipal Affairs.

Alberta has 18 cities that had a cumulative population of 2,474,510 (not including the population in the Saskatchewan portion of Lloydminster) and an average population of 137,472 in the 2011 Census. Alberta's largest and smallest cities are Calgary and Lacombe with populations of 1,096,833 and 11,707 respectively.

Chestermere became Alberta's 18th city on January 1, 2015.

150 elected city officials (18 mayors and 132 councillors) provide city governance throughout the province.

The highest density of cities in Alberta is found in the Edmonton Capital Region (Edmonton, Fort Saskatchewan, Leduc, Spruce Grove and St. Albert). The Calgary Region has three cities (Airdrie, Calgary and Chestermere).

List

Name Region Incorporation
date (city)
Council
size
Municipal
census

population
(year)
Population
(2011)
Population
(2006)
Change
(%)
Land
area
(km²)
Population
density
(per km²)
Airdrie Calgary Region 01985-01-01January 1, 1985 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&07.&&&&&07 &&&&&&&&&&061842.&&&&&061,842
(2016)
&&&&&&&&&&042564.&&&&&042,564 &&&&&&&&&&028927.&&&&&028,927 &&&&&&&&&&&&&047.10000047.1 &&&&&&&&&&&&&033.10000033.10 &&&&&&&&&&&01286.&&&&&01,286.0
Brooks Southern Alberta 02005-09-01September 1, 2005 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&07.&&&&&07 &&&&&&&&&&014185.&&&&&014,185
(2015)
&&&&&&&&&&013676.&&&&&013,676 &&&&&&&&&&012508.&&&&&012,508 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&09.3000009.3 &&&&&&&&&&&&&018.19000018.19 &&&&&&&&&&&&0751.900000751.9
Calgary Calgary Region 01894-01-01January 1, 1894 &&&&&&&&&&&&&015.&&&&&015 &&&&&&&&01235171.&&&&&01,235,171
(2016)
&&&&&&&&01096833.&&&&&01,096,833 &&&&&&&&&0988812.&&&&&0988,812 &&&&&&&&&&&&&010.90000010.9 &&&&&&&&&&&&0825.290000825.29 &&&&&&&&&&&01329.&&&&&01,329.0
Camrose Central Alberta 01955-01-01January 1, 1955 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&09.&&&&&09 &&&&&&&&&&018044.&&&&&018,044
(2016)
&&&&&&&&&&017286.&&&&&017,286 &&&&&&&&&&015630.&&&&&015,630 &&&&&&&&&&&&&010.60000010.6 &&&&&&&&&&&&&042.50000042.50 &&&&&&&&&&&&0406.700000406.7
Chestermere Calgary Region 02015-01-01January 1, 2015 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&07.&&&&&07 &&&&&&&&&&019715.&&&&&019,715
(2016)
&&&&&&&&&&014824.&&&&&014,824 &&&&&&&&&&&09923.&&&&&09,923 &&&&&&&&&&&&&049.40000049.4 &&&&&&&&&&&&&032.64000032.64 &&&&&&&&&&&&0454.100000454.1
Cold Lake Central Alberta 02000-10-01October 1, 2000 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&07.&&&&&07 &&&&&&&&&&015736.&&&&&015,736
(2014)
&&&&&&&&&&013839.&&&&&013,839 &&&&&&&&&&011991.&&&&&011,991 &&&&&&&&&&&&&015.40000015.4 &&&&&&&&&&&&&059.30000059.30 &&&&&&&&&&&&0233.400000233.4
Edmonton Edmonton Capital Region 01904-10-08October 8, 1904 &&&&&&&&&&&&&013.&&&&&013 &&&&&&&&&0899447.&&&&&0899,447
(2016)
&&&&&&&&&0812201.&&&&&0812,201 &&&&&&&&&0730372.&&&&&0730,372 &&&&&&&&&&&&&011.20000011.2 &&&&&&&&&&&&0684.370000684.37 &&&&&&&&&&&01186.8000001,186.8
Fort Saskatchewan Edmonton Capital Region 01985-07-01July 1, 1985 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&07.&&&&&07 &&&&&&&&&&024569.&&&&&024,569
(2016)
&&&&&&&&&&019051.&&&&&019,051 &&&&&&&&&&014957.&&&&&014,957 &&&&&&&&&&&&&027.40000027.4 &&&&&&&&&&&&&048.12000048.12 &&&&&&&&&&&&0395.900000395.9
Grande Prairie Northern Alberta 01958-01-01January 1, 1958 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&09.&&&&&09 &&&&&&&&&&068556.&&&&&068,556
(2015)
&&&&&&&&&&055032.&&&&&055,032 &&&&&&&&&&047107.&&&&&047,107 &&&&&&&&&&&&&016.80000016.8 &&&&&&&&&&&&&072.80000072.80 &&&&&&&&&&&&0755.900000755.9
Lacombe Central Alberta 02010-09-05September 5, 2010 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&07.&&&&&07 &&&&&&&&&&012728.&&&&&012,728
(2014)
&&&&&&&&&&011707.&&&&&011,707 &&&&&&&&&&010752.&&&&&010,752 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&08.9000008.9 &&&&&&&&&&&&&020.89000020.89 &&&&&&&&&&&&0560.300000560.3
Leduc Edmonton Capital Region 01983-09-01September 1, 1983 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&07.&&&&&07 &&&&&&&&&&030498.&&&&&030,498
(2016)
&&&&&&&&&&024279.&&&&&024,279 &&&&&&&&&&016967.&&&&&016,967 &&&&&&&&&&&&&043.10000043.1 &&&&&&&&&&&&&036.97000036.97 &&&&&&&&&&&&0656.700000656.7
Lethbridge Southern Alberta 01906-05-09May 9, 1906 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&09.&&&&&09 &&&&&&&&&&096828.&&&&&096,828
(2016)
&&&&&&&&&&083517.&&&&&083,517 &&&&&&&&&&074685.&&&&&074,685 &&&&&&&&&&&&&011.80000011.8 &&&&&&&&&&&&0122.360000122.36 &&&&&&&&&&&&0682.600000682.6
Lloydminster (part) Central Alberta 01958-01-01January 1, 1958 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&07.&&&&&07 &&&&&&&&&&019740.&&&&&019,740
(2015)
&&&&&&&&&&018032.&&&&&018,032 &&&&&&&&&&015910.&&&&&015,910 &&&&&&&&&&&&&013.30000013.3 &&&&&&&&&&&&&024.19000024.19 &&&&&&&&&&&&0745.600000745.6
Medicine Hat Southern Alberta 01906-05-09May 9, 1906 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&09.&&&&&09 &&&&&&&&&&063018.&&&&&063,018
(2015)
&&&&&&&&&&060005.&&&&&060,005 &&&&&&&&&&056997.&&&&&056,997 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&05.3000005.3 &&&&&&&&&&&&0112.&10000112.01 &&&&&&&&&&&&0535.700000535.7
Red Deer Central Alberta 01913-03-25March 25, 1913 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&09.&&&&&09 &&&&&&&&&&099832.&&&&&099,832
(2016)
&&&&&&&&&&090564.&&&&&090,564 &&&&&&&&&&083154.&&&&&083,154 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&08.9000008.9 &&&&&&&&&&&&0104.290000104.29 &&&&&&&&&&&&0868.400000868.4
Spruce Grove Edmonton Capital Region 01986-03-01March 1, 1986 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&07.&&&&&07 &&&&&&&&&&033640.&&&&&033,640
(2016)
&&&&&&&&&&026171.&&&&&026,171 &&&&&&&&&&019541.&&&&&019,541 &&&&&&&&&&&&&033.90000033.9 &&&&&&&&&&&&&032.37000032.37 &&&&&&&&&&&&0808.600000808.6
St. Albert Edmonton Capital Region 01977-01-01January 1, 1977 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&07.&&&&&07 &&&&&&&&&&064645.&&&&&064,645
(2016)
&&&&&&&&&&061466.&&&&&061,466 &&&&&&&&&&057764.&&&&&057,764 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&06.4000006.4 &&&&&&&&&&&&&048.27000048.27 &&&&&&&&&&&01273.4000001,273.4
Wetaskiwin Central Alberta 01906-05-09May 9, 1906 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&07.&&&&&07 &&&&&&&&&&012621.&&&&&012,621
(2014)
&&&&&&&&&&012525.&&&&&012,525 &&&&&&&&&&011689.&&&&&011,689 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&07.2000007.2 &&&&&&&&&&&&&018.20000018.20 &&&&&&&&&&&&0688.200000688.2
Total cities 150 &&&&&&&&02474510.&&&&&02,474,510 &&&&&&&&02207686.&&&&&02,207,686 &&&&&&&&&&&&&012.10000012.1 &&&&&&&&&&&02335.8600002,335.86 &&&&&&&&&&&01059.4000001,059.4

Notes:

Former cities

Alberta has recognized three other cities in its history. The Town of Strathcona incorporated as a city on March 15, 1907, and subsequently amalgamated with Edmonton on February 1, 1912. Fort McMurray was incorporated as a city on September 1, 1980, but reverted to its current urban service area form as a result of its amalgamation with Improvement District (I.D.) No. 143 on April 1, 1995. The Town of Drumheller was incorporated as a city on April 3, 1930 (well before the current requirement to have a population in excess of 10,000 people), and reverted to town status on January 1, 1998, when it amalgamated with the surrounding Municipal District of Badlands No. 7.

Former city Incorporation
date (city)
Previous
status
Date of
status change
Subsequent
status
Drumheller 01930-04-03April 3, 1930 Town 01998-01-01January 1, 1998 Town
Fort McMurray 01980-09-01September 1, 1980 New town 01995-04-01April 1, 1995 Urban service area
Strathcona 01907-03-15March 15, 1907 Town 01912-02-01February 1, 1912 City amalgamation

City status eligibility

There are currently nine towns – Beaumont, Canmore, Cochrane, High River, Okotoks, Stony Plain, Strathmore, Sylvan Lake and Whitecourt – that are eligible for city status having populations in excess of 10,000. Of these, Okotoks is undertaking a community visioning exercise in which city status is expected to be addressed, while Beaumont is currently investigating city status with community engagement in 2016. In 2009, the Town of Hinton expressed interest in incorporating as a city once it surpasses 10,000 people. Its population in 2011 was 9,640. In 2016, the Town of Morinville is conducting a municipal census in which it is anticipated the town will surpass 10,000; thus the town is investigating city status as well as a specialized municipality model with Sturgeon County.

Alberta's two urban service areas – Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park – are also eligible for city status. As noted above, Fort McMurray was previously incorporated as a city until it amalgamated with I.D. No. 143 on April 1, 1995. Meanwhile, Sherwood Park has remained a hamlet since its first residents arrived in 1955 and, in 1987, 89% of Strathcona County residents voted in favour of maintaining a single municipal government for Sherwood Park and the rural portion of the county. If they were to incorporate as cities, Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park would rank fifth and sixth respectively among Alberta's largest cities by population.

Images for kids


List of cities in Alberta Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.