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Churchill County, Nevada facts for kids

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Churchill County
Churchill County
Churchill County Courthouse in Fallon
Flag of Churchill County
Flag
Official seal of Churchill County
Seal
Map of Nevada highlighting Churchill County
Location within the U.S. state of Nevada
Map of the United States highlighting Nevada
Nevada's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Nevada
Founded 1861; 160 years ago (1861) (created)
1864; 157 years ago (1864) (organized)
Named for Sylvester Churchill
Seat Fallon
Largest city Fallon
Area
 • Total 5,024 sq mi (13,010 km2)
 • Land 4,930 sq mi (12,800 km2)
 • Water 94 sq mi (240 km2)  1.9%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 24,877
 • Estimate 
(2019)
24,909
 • Density 4.9516/sq mi (1.91184/km2)
Time zone UTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−7 (PDT)
Congressional district 2nd

Churchill County is a county in the western U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,877. Its county seat is Fallon. Named for Mexican–American War hero brevet Brigadier General Sylvester Churchill, the county was formed in 1861. Churchill County comprises the Fallon, NV Micropolitan Statistical Area. It is in northwestern Nevada. Churchill County is noteworthy in that it owns and operates the local telephone carrier, Churchill County Communications.

History

Churchill County was established in 1861 and named after Fort Churchill (which is now in Lyon County), which was named after General Sylvester Churchill, a Mexican-American War hero who was Inspector General of the U.S. Army in 1861. Churchill County was not organized until 1864, and its county seats were Bucklands (1861–64) which is now in Lyon County, La Plata (1864–68), Stillwater (1868–1904) and Fallon (1904–present). In the 19th century there were several attempts to eliminate Churchill County because of its small population, but Assemblyman Lemuel Allen was able to stop it on all occasions including convincing the Governor to veto the bill after it had been passed by both houses in 1875.

Railroads

The Eagle Salt Works Railroad ran for 13.5 miles (21.7 km), primarily on the original Central Pacific grade from Luva (2 miles (3.2 km) east of Fernley) to Eagle Salt Works.

The Central Pacific (the first transcontinental railroad) also ran through the county, although a portion of the original route has been shifted for a new route south of Wadsworth in favor of Fernley. The Central Pacific later became the Southern Pacific Railroad which was merged into Union Pacific in 1996.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 5,024 square miles (13,010 km2), of which 4,930 square miles (12,800 km2) is land and 94 square miles (240 km2) (1.9%) is water. The highest point is Desatoya Peak at 9,977 ft (3,041 m), while the most topograhically prominent peak is Mount Augusta.

Major highways

  • I-11 (Future).svg Interstate 11 (Future)
  • I-80 (NV).svg Interstate 80
  • US 50.svg U.S. Route 50
  • Alt plate.svg
    US 50.svg U.S. Route 50 Alternate
  • US 95.svg U.S. Route 95
  • Alt plate.svg
    US 95.svg U.S. Route 95 Alternate
  • Nevada 115.svg State Route 115
  • Nevada 116.svg State Route 116
  • Nevada 117.svg State Route 117
  • Nevada 118.svg State Route 118
  • Nevada 119.svg State Route 119
  • Nevada 120.svg State Route 120
  • Nevada 121.svg State Route 121
  • Nevada 361.svg State Route 361
  • Nevada 715.svg State Route 715
  • Nevada 718.svg State Route 718
  • Nevada 720.svg State Route 720
  • Nevada 722.svg State Route 722
  • Nevada 723.svg State Route 723
  • Nevada 726.svg State Route 726
  • Nevada 839.svg State Route 839

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 196
1880 479 144.4%
1890 703 46.8%
1900 830 18.1%
1910 2,811 238.7%
1920 4,649 65.4%
1930 5,075 9.2%
1940 5,317 4.8%
1950 6,161 15.9%
1960 8,452 37.2%
1970 10,513 24.4%
1980 13,917 32.4%
1990 17,938 28.9%
2000 23,982 33.7%
2010 24,877 3.7%
2020 25,516 2.6%
US Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2018

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, the county had 24,877 people, 9,671 households, and 6,631 families. The population density was 5.0 inhabitants per square mile (1.9/km2). There were 10,826 housing units at an average density of 2.2 per square mile (0.85/km2).

The county's racial makeup was 82.0% white, 4.5% American Indian, 2.7% Asian, 1.6% black or African American, 0.2% Pacific islander, 4.8% from other races, and 4.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 12.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 19.2% were English, 18.8% were German, 13.6% were Irish, 6.5% were Italian, and 5.9% were American.

Of the 9,671 households, 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.4% were non-families, and 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age was 39.0 years.

The county's median household income was $51,597 and the median family income was $63,599. Males had a median income of $45,057 versus $32,550 for females. The county's per capita income was $22,997. About 6.8% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

City

Census-designated place

  • Fallon Station

Other unincorporated places

Notable people

  • Luella Kirkbride Drumm, the only woman to serve in the Nevada State Legislature in 1939.
  • Mary Daisy White, one of the first women elected to the Nevada Assembly.
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