Washoe County, Nevada facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Location within the U.S. state of Nevada
Nevada's location within the U.S.
|Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 610: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).|
|Founded||November 25, 1861|
|Named for||Washoe people|
|• Total||6,542 sq mi (16,940 km2)|
|• Land||6,302 sq mi (16,320 km2)|
|• Water||240 sq mi (600 km2) 3.7%|
|Time zone||UTC−8 (Pacific)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−7 (PDT)|
Washoe County is a county in the U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2010 census, the population was 421,407, making it Nevada's second-most populous county. Its county seat is Reno. Washoe County is included in the Reno, NV Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Washoe County was created on November 25, 1861, as one of the original nine counties of the Nevada Territory. It is named after the Washoe people who originally inhabited the area. It was consolidated with Roop County in 1864. Washoe City was the first county seat in 1861 and was replaced by Reno in 1871.
Washoe County is the setting of the 1965 episode "The Wild West's Biggest Train Holdup" of the syndicated western television series, Death Valley Days. In the story line, deputy Jim Brand (Charles Bateman) places a locked chain on a Central Pacific Railroad engine until the company agrees to pay its tax assessment. Roy Barcroft played the aging Sheriff Jackson with Pat Priest as his daughter, N Brand.
In 1911, a small group of Bannock under a leader named "Shoshone Mike" killed four ranchers in Washoe County. A posse was formed, and on February 26, 1911, they caught up with the band, and eight of them were killed, along with one member of the posse, Ed Hogle. Three children and a woman who survived the battle were captured. The remains of some of the members of the band were repatriated from the Smithsonian Institution to the Fort Hall Idaho Shoshone-Bannock Tribe in 1994.
In 1918, Washoe County elected the first woman elected to the Nevada Legislature, Sadie Hurst, a Republican.
"For decades Paiute children growing up in northern Nevada were required by the federal government to attend a boarding school in Carson City where they learned English, not Paiute."
As of 2013, "Washoe County is the first school district in the state to offer Paiute classes," offering an elective course in the Paiute language at Spanish Springs High School and North Valleys High School.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 6,542 square miles (16,940 km2), of which 6,302 square miles (16,320 km2) is land and 240 square miles (620 km2) (3.7%) is water. The highest point in Washoe County is Mount Rose at 10,785 ft (3,287 m), while the most topographically prominent peak is Virginia Peak.
There are two incorporated cities within the county, namely Reno and Sparks. In 2010, there was a ballot question asking whether the Reno city government and the Washoe County government should become one combined governmental body. According to unofficial results the day after the election, 54% of voters approved of the ballot measure to consolidate the governments.
The Truckee Meadows of Washoe County starts at the furthest southern runway of Reno Tahoe International Airport, GPS Coordinates 39.468836,-119.770912 and runs south east. Rattle Snake Mountain at Huffaker Park, follows the span of Steamboat Creek to the southern east end of Washoe County. This is the last of the range/prairie and wild grass water shed from the eastern range of the Reno Tahoe basin.
- Interstate 11 (Future)
- Interstate 80
- Interstate 80 Business (Verdi)
- Interstate 80 Business (Reno–Sparks)
- Interstate 80 Business (Wadsworth–Fernley)
- Interstate 580
- U.S. Route 395
U.S. Route 395 Alternate
U.S. Route 395 Business (Reno)
- State Route 28
- State Route 341
- State Route 425
- State Route 426
- State Route 427
- State Route 430
- State Route 431
- State Route 439
- State Route 443
- State Route 445
- State Route 446
- State Route 447
- State Route 647
- State Route 648
- State Route 653
- State Route 655
- State Route 659
- State Route 667
- State Route 668
- State Route 671
- State Route 673
- State Route 877
- State Route 878
- State Route 880
- Humboldt County — east
- Pershing County — east
- Churchill County — east
- Lyon County — southeast
- Storey County — south
- Carson City — south
- Placer County, California — southwest
- Nevada County, California — west
- Sierra County, California — west
- Lassen County, California — west
- Modoc County, California — west
- Lake County, Oregon — north
- Harney County, Oregon — northeast
National protected areas
- Anaho Island National Wildlife Refuge
- Black Rock Desert-High Rock Canyon Emigrant Trails National Conservation Area (part)
- Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge (part)
- Toiyabe National Forest (part)
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 421,407 people, 163,445 households, and 102,768 families living in the county. The population density was 66.9 inhabitants per square mile (25.8/km2). There were 184,841 housing units at an average density of 29.3 per square mile (11.3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 76.9% white, 5.2% Asian, 2.3% black or African American, 1.7% American Indian, 0.6% Pacific islander, 9.5% from other races, and 3.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 22.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 16.9% were German, 13.1% were Irish, 11.8% were English, 7.2% were Italian, and 4.7% were American.
Of the 163,445 households, 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.1% were non-families, and 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.11. The median age was 37.0 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $55,658 and the median income for a family was $67,428. Males had a median income of $46,653 versus $35,559 for females. The per capita income for the county was $29,687. About 8.5% of families and 12.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.0% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.
The Demographics of Washoe County covers 6,540.4 square miles. There are approximately 42,154 households in the unincorporated areas with an estimated population of 419,948. The average household size in 2007 was estimated at 2.70. The Truckee Meadows Fire Protection District is charged with fire protection and emergency services.
- Antelope Valley
- Bartley Ranch
- Border Town
- Buffalo Ranch
- Caughlin Ranch
- Damonte Ranch
- Deep Hole
- Grand View Terrace
- Hidden Valley
- Hot Springs
- Mayberry-Highland Park
- McCarran (partly in Storey County)
- Mira Loma
- New Washoe City
- North Valleys
- Northeast Reno
- Northwest Reno
- Palomino Valley
- Panther Valley
- Pleasant Valley
- Raleigh Heights
- Rancho Haven
- Red Hawk
- Red Rock
- Sand Pass
- Steamboat Springs
- Upper Pyramid
- Washoe City
- Washoe Summit
- Winnemucca Ranch
Washoe County, Nevada Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.