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Fauna of Illinois facts for kids

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The fauna of Illinois include a wide variety of mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, fish and insects (not listed).

List of native species

Mammals

Birds

For a complete list, see list of birds of Illinois.

  • Fulvous whistling duck
  • Black-bellied whistling-duck
  • Greater white-fronted goose
  • Snow goose
  • Ross's goose
  • Cackling goose
  • Canada goose
  • Mute swan
  • Trumpeter swan
  • Tundra swan
  • Wood duck
  • Gadwall
  • Eurasian wigeon
  • American wigeon
  • American black duck
  • Mallard
  • Mottled duck
  • Blue-winged teal
  • Cinnamon teal
  • Northern shoveler
  • White-cheeked pintail
  • Northern pintail
  • Garganey
  • Green-winged teal
  • Canvasback
  • Redhead
  • Ring-necked duck
  • Tufted duck
  • Greater scaup
  • Lesser scaup
  • King eider
  • Common eider
  • Harlequin duck
  • Surf scoter
  • White-winged scoter
  • Black scoter
  • Long-tailed duck
  • Bufflehead
  • Common goldeneye
  • Barrow's goldeneye
  • Hooded merganser
  • Common merganser
  • Red-breasted merganser
  • Ruddy duck
  • Gray partridge
  • Ring-necked pheasant
  • Greater prairie chicken
  • Northern bobwhite
  • Red-throated loon
  • Black-throated loon
  • Pacific loon
  • Common loon
  • Yellow-billed loon
  • Pied-billed grebe
  • Horned grebe
  • Red-necked grebe
  • Black-necked grebe
  • Western grebe
  • Clark's grebe
  • Northern gannet
  • American white pelican
  • Brown pelican
  • Double-crested cormorant
  • Neotropic cormorant
  • Anhinga
  • Magnificent frigatebird
  • American bittern
  • Least bittern
  • Great blue heron
  • Great egret
  • Snowy egret
  • Little blue heron
  • Tricolored heron
  • Reddish egret
  • Cattle egret
  • Green heron
  • Black-crowned night heron
  • Yellow-crowned night heron
  • American white ibis
  • Glossy ibis
  • White-faced ibis
  • Wood stork
  • Black vulture
  • Turkey vulture
  • Osprey
  • Swallow-tailed kite
  • White-tailed kite
  • Mississippi kite
  • Bald eagle
  • Hen harrier
  • Sharp-shinned hawk
  • Cooper's hawk
  • Northern goshawk
  • Red-shouldered hawk
  • Broad-winged hawk
  • Swainson's hawk
  • Red-tailed hawk
  • Ferruginous hawk
  • Rough-legged buzzard
  • Golden eagle
  • American kestrel
  • Merlin
  • Gyrfalcon
  • Prairie falcon
  • Yellow rail
  • Black rail
  • King rail
  • Virginia rail
  • American purple gallinule
  • Common moorhen
  • American coot
  • Sandhill crane
  • Whooping crane
  • Black-bellied plover
  • American golden plover
  • Snowy plover
  • Killdeer
  • Black-necked stilt
  • American avocet
  • Greater yellowlegs
  • Lesser yellowlegs
  • Solitary sandpiper
  • Willet
  • Spotted sandpiper
  • Upland sandpiper
  • Eskimo curlew
  • Whimbrel
  • Long-billed curlew
  • Hudsonian godwit
  • Marbled godwit
  • Ruddy turnstone
  • Red knot
  • Sanderling
  • Semipalmated sandpiper
  • Western sandpiper
  • Least sandpiper
  • White-rumped sandpiper
  • Baird's sandpiper
  • Pectoral sandpiper
  • Sharp-tailed sandpiper
  • Purple sandpiper
  • Dunlin
  • Curlew sandpiper
  • Stilt sandpiper
  • Buff-breasted sandpiper
  • Ruff
  • Short-billed dowitcher
  • Long-billed dowitcher
  • Wilson's snipe
  • American woodcock
  • Wilson's phalarope
  • Red phalarope
  • Red-necked phalarope
  • Long-tailed jaeger
  • Parasitic jaeger
  • Pomarine jaeger
  • Laughing gull
  • Franklin's gull
  • Little gull
  • Black-headed gull
  • Bonaparte's gull
  • Common gull
  • Ring-billed gull
  • California gull
  • American herring gull
  • Thayer's gull
  • Iceland gull
  • Lesser black-backed gull
  • Slaty-backed gull
  • Western gull
  • Glaucous-winged gull
  • Glaucous gull
  • Great black-backed gull
  • Sabine's gull
  • Black-legged kittiwake
  • Ross's gull
  • Ivory gull
  • Gull-billed tern
  • Caspian tern
  • Royal tern
  • Sandwich tern
  • Common tern
  • Arctic tern
  • Forster's tern
  • Least tern
  • Sooty tern
  • Large-billed tern
  • Black tern
  • Black skimmer
  • Rock pigeon
  • Band-tailed pigeon
  • Eurasian collared dove
  • White-winged dove
  • Mourning dove
  • Inca dove
  • Common ground dove
  • Monk parakeet
  • Black-billed cuckoo
  • Groove-billed ani
  • Barn owl
  • Eastern screech owl
  • Great horned owl
  • Snowy owl
  • Northern hawk owl
  • Burrowing owl
  • Barred owl
  • Long-eared owl
  • Short-eared owl
  • Boreal owl
  • Northern saw-whet owl
  • Common nighthawk
  • Chuck-will's-widow
  • Whip-poor-will
  • Chimney swift
  • Ruby-throated hummingbird
  • Broad-tailed hummingbird
  • Rufous hummingbird
  • Allen's hummingbird
  • Belted kingfisher
  • Red-headed woodpecker
  • Red-bellied woodpecker
  • Williamson's sapsucker
  • Yellow-bellied sapsucker
  • Downy woodpecker
  • Hairy woodpecker
  • Red-cockaded woodpecker
  • Black-backed woodpecker
  • Northern flicker
  • Pileated woodpecker
  • Olive-sided flycatcher

Amphibians

Frogs and toads

  • American toad
  • Fowler's toad
  • Northern cricket frog
  • Bird-voiced treefrog
  • Green treefrog
  • Cope's grey treefrog
  • Eastern grey treefrog
  • Spring peeper
  • Southeastern chorus frog
  • Strecker's chorus frog
  • Western chorus frog
  • Eastern narrow-mouthed toad
  • Eastern spadefoot
  • Crawfish frog
  • Plains leopard frog
  • Bullfrog
  • Green frog
  • Pickerel frog
  • Northern leopard frog
  • Southern leopard frog
  • Wood frog

Salamanders

  • Jefferson salamander
  • Blue-spotted salamander
  • Spotted salamander
  • Marbled salamander
  • Silvery salamander
  • Mole salamander
  • Small-mouthed salamander
  • Tiger salamander
  • Hellbender
  • Spotted dusky salamander
  • Southern two-lined salamander
  • Long-tailed salamander
  • Cave salamander
  • Four-toed salamander
  • Eastern red-backed salamander
  • Northern zigzag salamander
  • Northern slimy salamander
  • Mudpuppy
  • Eastern newt
  • Lesser siren

Reptiles

Turtles

  • Snapping turtle
  • Alligator snapping turtle
  • Painted turtle
  • Spotted turtle
  • Blanding's turtle
  • Map turtle
  • Ouachita map turtle
  • False map turtle
  • River cooter
  • Eastern box turtle
  • Ornate box turtle
  • Pond slider
  • Yellow mud turtle
  • Eastern mud turtle
  • Stinkpot (musk turtle)
  • Smooth softshell
  • Spiny softshell

Lizards

  • Slender glass lizard
  • Collared lizard (possibly introduced)
  • Eastern fence lizard
  • Common five-lined skink
  • Broad-headed skink
  • Ground skink
  • Six-lined racerunner

Snakes

  • Eastern wormsnake
  • Scarletsnake
  • Kirtland's snake
  • Eastern racer
  • Ring-necked snake
  • Great Plains ratsnake
  • Gray ratsnake
  • Western foxsnake
  • Mud snake
  • Western hog-nosed snake
  • Eastern hog-nosed snake
  • Prairie kingsnake
  • Common kingsnake
  • Milk snake
  • Coachwhip
  • Mississippi green watersnake
  • Plain-bellied watersnake
  • Southern watersnake
  • Diamondback watersnake
  • Northern watersnake
  • Rough greensnake
  • Smooth greensnake
  • Gophersnake
  • Graham's crayfish snake
  • Queen snake
  • Dekay's brownsnake
  • Red-bellied snake
  • Flat-headed snake
  • Western ribbonsnake
  • Plains gartersnake
  • Eastern ribbonsnake
  • Common garter snake
  • Lined snake
  • Eastern smooth earthsnake
  • Copperhead (venomous)
  • Cottonmouth (venomous)
  • Timber rattlesnake (venomous)
  • Massasauga rattlesnake (venomous)

Fish

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