Glencoe, Illinois facts for kids
|Village of Glencoe|
Location in Cook County and the state of Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
|• Total||3.78 sq mi (9.8 km2)|
|• Land||3.72 sq mi (9.6 km2)|
|• Water||0.06 sq mi (0.2 km2) 1.59%|
|• Density||2,344.9/sq mi (905.4/km2)|
|Down 0.45% from 2000|
|Standard of living (2007-11)|
|• Per capita income||$101,649|
|• Median home value||$971,100|
|ZIP code(s)||60022 and 60093 at southeast corner|
Glencoe (//) is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States. As of the census, the total population was 8,723. Glencoe is located on suburban Chicago's North Shore and is located within the New Trier High School District.
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According to the 2010 census, Glencoe has a total area of 3.781 square miles (9.79 km2), of which 3.72 square miles (9.63 km2) (or 98.39%) is land and 0.061 square miles (0.16 km2) (or 1.61%) is water.
Glencoe is located on the west side of Lake Michigan. It is separated from suburbs on the north and west by over 1,200 acres (490 ha) of the Cook County Forest Preserve natural forest area. Three golf clubs also buffer it, with the private Lake Shore Country Club on the north, the public Glencoe Golf Club (operated by the village of Glencoe) on the northwest, and the private Skokie Country Club on the west. The village is surrounded on three sides by upper income communities, with Highland Park on the north, Northbrook on the west, and Winnetka to the south. The Skokie Lagoons are located in the forest preserve to the immediate west of the village. The same forest preserve has a bicycle trail that connects to other forest preserves to the south. In the village, the Greenbay Trail allows bicyclists to travel as far south as Wilmette and north past Lake Forest. The highest point of elevation in Glencoe is 690 feet (210 m) above sea level along Green Bay Road in the northern part of the village.
As of the census of 2010, there were 8,723 people, 3,013 households, and 2,499 families residing in the village. There were 3,209 housing units. The racial makeup of the village was 94% White, 1.2% African American, 2.7% Asian, 0.1% American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.5% some other race, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.7% of the population.
There were 2,499 family households, out of which 44.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.4% were headed by married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.1% were non-families. Approximately 15.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.9% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89, and the average family size was 3.23.
In the village, the population was spread out with 31.6% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 15.6% from 25 to 44, 34% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.0 years. There were 4,428 females and 4,295 males.
For the period 2007–11, the estimated median annual income for a household in the village was $174,931, and the median income for a family was $211,111. Male full-time workers had a median income of $156,739 versus $69,037 for females. The per capita income for the village was $101,649, placing Glencoe among the 20 wealthiest communities in the United States. Approximately 4.5% of the population and 4.7% of families were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under the age of 18 and 10.5% age 65 or older.
Opinion about the origins of the village's name is divided; some attribute it to an early resident, Matthew Coe; others say it is named for the area of Scotland of the same name: the village's first seal was based on the seal of Glencoe, Scotland.
The late 19th century and early 20th century saw many elegant homes built in Glencoe. In addition to several structures by Frank Lloyd Wright, there are houses designed by Howard Van Doren Shaw, David Adler, Robert E. Seyfarth and George Washington Maher, among others.
Glencoe has a Village Manager form of government. It had one of the first public safety departments (combined police/fire/paramedic). It adopted the first zoning code in Illinois in 1921. Its land-use plan adopted in 1940 has been adhered to with minor changes since then. Most all nonconforming uses have been eliminated through attrition and developed to allowed uses outlined on the 1940 zoning map. It is predominantly a single-family residential area, with no industrial uses. It has a small cohesive central business district that provides most basic services, including post office, library, Village Hall, performing arts theatre, train station (to Chicago), and other shopping needs.
In the last 20 years the village has experienced increasing tear-downs of smaller homes that have been replaced with larger homes, spurring debate on historic preservation, the impact of an increasingly wealthy demographic and rising property taxes. During this time major reconstruction has been completed of its street and sidewalk network. The business district has had brick sidewalks and period street lights installed. Many public buildings have been or are being remodelled or expanded, including the public schools, Village Hall, library, Park District Community Center, and refrigerated outdoor ice rink. The building housing the Glencoe Woman's Club (formerly Woman's Library Club) is currently being torn down and will be replaced by a new Jeanne Gang–designed building that will house Writers Theatre, beginning in 2016. The private golf clubs (Lake Shore Country Club and Skokie Country Club) have seen major remodeling, additions, and reconstruction.
Glencoe was the setting for the 1983 film Risky Business, starring Tom Cruise. However, the picture was actually filmed in neighboring Highland Park. Scenes from the 1986 John Hughes film Ferris Bueller's Day Off were filmed in Glencoe, as were scenes from Sixteen Candles. The Glencoe train station is featured in scenes from Clint Eastwood's Flags of Our Fathers, as well as John Hughes' She's Having a Baby. Glencoe in the 1970s and 1980s is recalled as the backdrop of the coming of age memoir Lake Effect, by author Rich Cohen, introducing his readers to his famous "Jamie Drew" character, based on the real-life exploits of fellow native and Renaissance man Mark Varouxakis. The basis of the plot for the film Mean Girls is primarily focused on the North Shore, with the well-known reference to Glencoe in the quote "You Go Glen-Coco". In the action-based drama series Covert Affairs on USA Network, August "Auggie" Anderson revealed in his polygraph that he is from Glencoe. The 2011 film Contagion (featuring Gwyneth Paltrow, Kate Winslet, Jude Law and Matt Damon) has scenes that were filmed in Glencoe.
Points of interest
- Chicago Botanic Garden
- Cook County Forest Preserves
- Frank Lloyd Wright-designed Sylvan Road Bridge (concrete)(1915 design)
- Frank Lloyd Wright-designed Ravine Bluffs Subdivision entry light/planter monuments at Sylvan/Franklin and at Franklin/Meadow (circa 1915)
- North Shore Congregation Israel synagogue designed by Minoru Yamasaki
- Glencoe Train Station (circa 1891)
- Friends Park
- Glencoe Golf Club
- Glencoe Park District, featuring disc golf
- Glencoe Public Library
- Glencoe Sailing Beach
- Phil Thomas Park
- Kalk Park
- Men's Library Club (MLC)
- Schools: South (grades K-2), West (grades 3-4), Central (grades 5-8)
- Skokie Lagoons
- Central School
- West School
- Am Shalom Synagogue
- Skokie Country Club
- Watts Ice Arena
- Writers Theatre
- Glencoe Historical Society including the Eklund History Center Museum and Garden
- Grand Food Center
- Secret Park
- Glencoe Beach
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