Greenville, Texas facts for kids

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Greenville, Texas
City
Lee Street in downtown Greenville
Lee Street in downtown Greenville
Flag of Greenville, Texas
Flag
Motto: "Rich Heritage, Vibrant Future"
Location of Greenville, Texas
Location of Greenville, Texas
Hunt County Greenville.svg
Country United StatesUnited States
State TexasTexas
County Hunt
Area
 • Total 34.7 sq mi (89.9 km2)
 • Land 33.9 sq mi (87.8 km2)
 • Water 0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)
Elevation 541 ft (165 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 25,557
 • Estimate (2014) 26,180
 • Density 764.5/sq mi (295.18/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 75401-75404
Area code(s) 903, 430
FIPS code 48-30920
GNIS feature ID 1377755
Website ci.greenville.tx.us

Greenville is a North Texas city located in central Hunt County, approximately 45 miles from Dallas. It is the county seat and largest city of Hunt County. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 25,557.

Greenville was named for Thomas J. Green, a general in the Texas Army during the war for independence from Mexico.

Geography

Greenville is located at 33°7′34″N 96°6′35″W / 33.12611°N 96.10972°W / 33.12611; -96.10972 (33.126004, −96.109703). Greenville is situated in the heart of the Texas Blackland Prairies, 45 minutes northeast of Dallas, and about 50 minutes south of the Texas/Oklahoma border on the eastern edge of the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 34.7 square miles (90 km2), of which, 33.9 square miles (88 km2) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) of it (2.30%) is water.

Climate

Greenville is considered to be a part of the humid subtropical region. Due to its location on the north Texas prairies the climate is typically windy.

History

Old map-Greenville-1886
City in 1886
Cotton scene, public square, Greenville, Texas
Cotton scene, public square, Greenville, Texas (postcard, circa 1908)

Greenville was founded in 1846. The city was named after Thomas J. Green, a significant contributor to the establishment of Texas as a Republic. He later became a member of the Congress of the Republic of Texas. The city was almost named “Pinckneyville” in honor of James Pinckney Henderson, the first Governor of Texas.

As the Civil War loomed, Greenville was divided over the issue of secession, as were several area towns and counties. Greenville attorney and State Senator Martin D. Hart was a prominent Unionist. He formed a company of men who fought for the Union in Arkansas, even as other Greenville residents fought for the Confederacy. The divided nature of Greenville, Hunt County and the State of Texas is noted by an historical marker in "The SPOT" Park at 2800 Lee Street in downtown Greenville. In the post-Civil War era, Greenville's economy became partly dependent on cotton as the local economy entered a period of transition.

With a population of 12,384 in the 1920 census, the city, at one time, was the 20th largest in Texas.

In World War II, the Mexican Escuadrón 201 was stationed in Greenville while training at nearby Majors Field.

The town was also famous for a large sign, installed on July 7, 1921 over Lee Street, the main street in the downtown district, between the train station and the bus station in the 1920s to 1960s. The sign read: "Welcome to Greenville, The Blackest Land, The Whitest People." The original intent behind "the whitest people" was to define "the citizens of Greenville as friendly, trustworthy and helpful was sincere, and it was meant to include all citizens, regardless of race." However, the sign subsequently acquired racial overtones, and the original sign was taken down and placed into storage on April 13, 1965, possibly at the urging of Texas Governor John Connally, who had made a visit to the town weeks before. In 1968, Greenville Sybil Maddux had the sign reinstalled, with the wording modified to read "The Greatest People"; the original sign is in the collection of the Audie Murphy American Cotton Museum.

In 1957, Greenville annexed the small town of Peniel, Texas, which had been founded in 1899 as a Pentecostal Church of the Nazarene community centered around Texas Holiness University. The annexation was approved by the citizens of Peniel, which at the time had a population of about 157.

On May 12, 2011, a white buffalo was born near Greenville, Texas during a thunderstorm on the ranch of Arby Littlesoldier, who identified himself as a great-great grandson of Sitting Bull. A public naming ceremony and dedication was held on June 29, 2011 during which the male calf was officially given the title "Lightning Medicine Cloud." However, on August 21, 2012, 'Lightning Medicine Cloud' died. The Sheriff's department declared it had died from a bacterial infection, but the owners disagree, claiming that the buffalo was allegedly skinned by an unknown party.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 4,330
1900 6,860 58.4%
1910 8,850 29.0%
1920 12,384 39.9%
1930 12,407 0.2%
1940 13,995 12.8%
1950 14,727 5.2%
1960 19,087 29.6%
1970 22,043 15.5%
1980 22,161 0.5%
1990 23,071 4.1%
2000 23,960 3.9%
2010 25,557 6.7%
Est. 2015 26,515 3.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 23,960 people, 9,156 households, and 6,171 families residing in the city. The population density was 706.5 people per square mile (272.8/km²). There were 9,977 housing units at an average density of 294.2 per square mile (113.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 69.71% White, 18.86% African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 8.19% from other races, and 2.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.65% of the population.

There were 9,156 households out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city, the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,606, and the median income for a family was $41,808. Males had a median income of $31,556 versus $22,373 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,231. About 11.3% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.8% of those under age 18 and 14.4% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads

Interstate 30

Commercial and residential developments line the interstate from Monty Stratton Parkway through Lamar Street. The frontage roads have recently been converted to one-way for safety due to increased traffic.

U.S. Highways

  • US 67.svg U.S. Highway 67 (Martin Luther King, Jr. Freeway) -- runs concurrent with Interstate 30 through Greenville.
  • US 69.svg U.S. 69 (Joe Ramsey Boulevard) -- Serves as a partial loop through Greenville. It connects with Celeste, Leonard, and Denison to the north and with Lone Oak, Mineola, and Tyler to the south. U.S. 69 is a four-lane divided highway from U.S. 380 / Texas Highway 302 to just past Business U.S. 69 (Moulton Street).
  • US 380.svg U.S. 380 (Joe Ramsey Boulevard/Lee Street) -- Heads west out of Greenville through Farmersville, McKinney, and Denton. U.S. 380 is a four-lane divided highway. Within Greenville city limits it runs mostly concurrent with U.S. 69 along Joe Ramsey Boulevard.

Business plate.svg
US 69.svg Business U.S. 69 -- Follows several local streets which serve the northern, downtown, and southern areas of the city. Starts and ends at U.S. 69. The local street names are Rees Street (through Peniel), Sockwell Street (north of downtown), Stonewall Street / Johnson Street (couplet through downtown, where Stonewall is southbound and Johnson is northbound), Park Street (east of downtown), and Moulton Street (south of downtown and over Interstate 30).

State Highways

  • Texas 34.svg Texas Highway 34 (Wesley Street, Wolfe City Drive) -- Serves as a primary north-south route through Greenville and main commercial corridor. Connects with Wolfe City to the north and Quinlan to the south.
  • Texas 66.svg Texas Highway 66 (Old Dallas Highway) -- Heads southwest out of the city towards Caddo Mills and Royse City.
  • Texas 224.svg Texas Highway 224 (Commerce Drive) -- Heads northeast out of city towards Commerce and Cooper.
  • Texas Spur 302.svg Texas Highway Spur 302 (Lee Street / Washington Street) -- Serves as an east-west route through Greenville. Starts at U.S. 69 / U.S. 380 at the west end and ends at Interstate 30 at the east end. The route, mostly known as "Lee Street", goes through downtown as a couplet, where Lee Street goes eastbound and Washington Street goes westbound.

Farm-to-Market Roads

  • Texas FM 118.svg Farm Road 118 (Fannin Street) -- heads north out of Greenville from FM 499 towards Jacobia.
  • Texas FM 499.svg Farm Road 499 (Forester Street) -- Heads east out of Greenville from Spur 302 going through Campbell and Cumby.
  • Texas FM 1569.svg Farm Road 1569 -- Heads west out of Greenville from a junction with highway 69 towards Merit.
  • Texas FM 1570.svg Farm Road 1570 (Jack Finney Boulevard) -- Serves the southern parts of the city, particularly the L-3 facility / Airport Sign.svg Majors Field Airport.
  • Texas FM 2101.svg Farm Road 2101 -- Heads south out of Greenville from Airport Sign.svg Majors Airport towards Boles Home in Quinlan.

Airports

The nearest airports with passenger air service are Airport Sign.svg Dallas Love Field (55.4 miles) and Airport Sign.svg Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport (70.0 miles).

The Airport Sign.svg Majors Field Airport is a municipal airport located in Greenville.

Public Transportation

Connection Bus
A Connection Bus in Greenville.

A public transit called The Connection serves Greenville and all of Hunt County. The transit operates Monday through Friday from 7am-7pm. Reservations have to be made one day in advance and the transit charges $2 ($4 round trip) if the passenger is traveling to a place within the same community or city, and $3 ($6 round trip) if the passenger is traveling from one city or community to another within Hunt County. Also, the transit will take Hunt County residents to Dallas, this is offered round trip only, passengers are charged $34, and a minimum of three passengers is also required.

Images for kids


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