kids encyclopedia robot

Gurabo, Puerto Rico facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids

Municipio de Gurabo
Gurabo River and valley from Jaguas.
Gurabo River and valley from Jaguas.
Flag of Gurabo
Coat of arms of Gurabo
Coat of arms
El Pueblo de las Escaleras", "Puerta del Turismo del Sureste
Anthem: "En un valle rodeado por montañas nace un"
Map of Puerto Rico highlighting Gurabo Municipality
Map of Puerto Rico highlighting Gurabo Municipality
Commonwealth  Puerto Rico
Founded 1815
 • Total 28.28 sq mi (73.24 km2)
 • Land 27.84 sq mi (72.11 km2)
 • Water 0.44 sq mi (1.13 km2)
 • Total 40,622
 • Density 1,436.52/sq mi (554.64/km2)
Demonym(s) Gurabeños
Time zone UTC-4 (AST)
ZIP Code
Area code(s) 787/939
Major routes PR primary 30.svg PR urban primary 189.svg PR secondary 181.svg PR secondary 203.svg

Gurabo is a town and municipality in eastern Puerto Rico. It is located in the central eastern region, north of San Lorenzo; south of Trujillo Alto; east of Caguas; and west of Carolina and Juncos. Gurabo is spread over 9 barrios and Gurabo Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.


Gurabo's history dates as far back as the 17th century, when Gurabo was actually part of Caguas. Then, the area was known as Burabo. By 1700, transportation, medical and economic trouble were crippling the population of the Burabo area; traveling to Caguas' center for business and medical help was not easy and took hours. This led to many of Burabos citizens to seek for the area to gain autonomy.

It would be long, however, before Gurabo was separated from Caguas. The separation movement was brought forward by an 1812 meeting of all 168 family leaders in Gurabo, who decided to have Luis del Carmen Echevarría lead them in their quest for autonomic independence, based on the large number of residents in Burabo.

In 1815, Gurabo became a municipality. In 1822, the first Catholic church in town was erected. In 1903, the first Baptist church opened its doors in Gurabo town.

Gurabo is also known as "La Ciudad de las Escaleras", or "city of the stairs". Located in the town center, the stairs are about twenty two floors high, and they are painted in bright colors. They cross an important business area of Gurabo. Gurabo's mayor is Victor M. Ortiz Diaz.


Rio Gurabo

Mountains of Gurabo, Puerto Rico
Mountains of Gurabo.



  • Celada
  • Gurabo Pueblo
  • Hato Nuevo
  • Jaguar
  • Jaguas
  • Mamey
  • Masas
  • Navarro
  • Quebrada Infierno
  • Rincón


Landmarks and places of interest

  • Centro de Exposición
  • Cofresí Park
  • Del Turabo University Museum
  • Hacienda Mirador
  • Loíza Lagoon


Festivals and events

  • San José Patron Festivities - March
  • Mapeyé Festival - October


Gurabo has a baseball academy named Puerto Rico Baseball Academy and High School (PRBAHS).

Colegio Bautista de Gurabo (Sports: Volleyball, Soccer, Basketball, Softball, Track and Field.)


Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 8,700
1910 11,139 28.0%
1920 12,882 15.6%
1930 15,095 17.2%
1940 15,870 5.1%
1950 16,395 3.3%
1960 16,603 1.3%
1970 18,289 10.2%
1980 23,574 28.9%
1990 28,737 21.9%
2000 36,743 27.9%
2010 45,369 23.5%
2020 40,622 −10.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1899 (shown as 1900) 1910-1930
1930-1950 1960-2000 2010 2020

In 2000, Gurabo had a population of 36,743 and in 2010 it had a population of 45,369. In 2020, the population dropped to 40,622.



With eleven stripes, six green and five yellow, alternated, the yellow with the superior (top) edge indented forming a stairway.

Coat of Arms

In a green field resides a widened gold patriarcal cross. Below the bottom arm are two shields in silver. The one on the left has a fleur de lis and the one on the right three lilies with stems in a natural way. Three towers in gold crown the shield.



  • Dairy farms


Manufacturing (metal, paper, plastics, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, textiles, electrical and electronic equipment, and electrical machinery).


  • Ana G. Mendez University, Gurabo campus in Navarro
  • Puerto Rico Criminal Justice College - Gurabo campus (Puerto Rico Police Academy)


There are 20 bridges in Gurabo.

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Gurabo (Puerto Rico) para niños

National Hispanic Heritage Month on Kiddle
Famous Hispanic aviators
Manuel J. Fernandez
Robert Cardenas
Richard G. Candelaria
Oscar F. Perdomo
kids search engine
Gurabo, Puerto Rico Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.