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Juncos, Puerto Rico
Municipality
Flag of Juncos, Puerto Rico
Flag
Coat of arms of Juncos, Puerto Rico
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): La Ciudad del Valenciano (The Valencian's City)
Los Mulos del Valenciano (The Valencian's Mules)
Anthem: "Juncos Mi Pequeño París"
Location of Juncos in Puerto Rico
Location of Juncos in Puerto Rico
Country United States
Territory Puerto Rico
Founded August 2, 1797
Area
 • Total 26.60 sq mi (68.89 km2)
 • Land 26.59 sq mi (68.86 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 40,290
 • Density 1,514.74/sq mi (584.85/km2)
Demonym(s) Junqueño
Ethnicity(2000 Census)
 • White 97.4%
 • Black 7.3%
 • American Indian/AN 1.0%
 • Asian 0.1%
 • Native Hawaiian/PI 0.1%
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
Area code 00777
Website juncos.net

Juncos (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈhuŋkos], Rushgrasses) is one of the 78 municipalities of Puerto Rico located in the eastern central region of the island, south of Canóvanas and Carolina; southeast of Gurabo; east of San Lorenzo; and west of Las Piedras. Juncos is spread over 9 wards and Juncos Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Juncos was founded on the request of Tomás Pizarro on August 2, 1797, having previously been a village which evolved from a small ranch, the Hatillo de los Juncos. This ranch was part of the Hato del Valenciano, which gave its name to the Río Valenciano which bisects the city before joining the Río Gurabo to the north of the settlement.

History

During the 17th century, large parts of the municipality were owned by the Hato Grande de los Delgado (The Delgados' Great Ranch). Another ranch, the Hato del Valenciano (Valencian's Ranch), was established and later divided into the Hatillo de los Lirios (Small Ranch of the Lilies) and the Hatillo de los Juncos (Small Ranch of the Reeds). This second one became the village of Juncos in the 18th century and was given the status of a town on August 2, 1797. Reeds, which gave the city its name, feature in the center of its flag and the bottom of its Coat of Arms. The Hato del Valenciano is remembered in the name of the Río Valenciano, as well as the Coat of Arms of Valencia featuring in Juncos' Coat of Arms, in addition to the city's two nicknames of La Ciudad del Valenciano (The Valencian's City) and Los Mulos del Valenciano (The Valencian's Mules).

Symbols

On the flag of Juncos, on a gold field, blue waving stripes cross horizontally in the lower half. These represent the Río Valenciano which bisects the city. Green reeds with red buds appear in a central point above the stripes, representing the city's name (Juncos is Spanish for reeds).

Juncos' Coat of Arms is divided into four quarters, with the upper left and lower right containing vertical stripes gold (or yellow) and gules (red) in reference to the Spanish region of Valencia and to its denomination as "Town of Valencia". The upper right quarter is blue with twelve silver stars to represent the Virgin Mary, and also features a cross confirming the city as part of Christendom. The lower right is split vertically between an image of a tobacco plant to represent the city's agriculture and a chimney to represent industrialization and sugar cane processing. Like the flag, a waving blue line representing the Río Valenciano crosses the shield horizontally.

The shield is topped with a civic crown in the shape of a three-towered castle. Underneath the shield lie the red-budded green reeds which gave the city its name, which features alongside its year of foundation (1797) at the very bottom.

Cityscape

The municipality of Juncos is divided into ten wards:

  • Caimito
  • Ceiba Norte
  • Ceiba Sur
  • Gurabo Abajo
  • Gurabo Arriba
  • Lirios
  • Mamey
  • Valenciano Abajo
  • Valenciano Arriba
  • Juncos-Pueblo

Under the administration Of Alfredo "Papo" Alejandro, Juncos started a collective ferry-on-wheels transportation system.

Tourist sites in Juncos include:

  • Juncos Sugar Mill
  • Old Tobacco Farm
  • Juncos Plaza Shopping Center
  • Paseo Escuté
  • El Tenedor Restaurant
  • Teatro Junqueño (Juncos Theater)
  • Hacienda Toro Al' Diente Restaurant

Events in Juncos include:

  • Modesto Carrión International Marathon - November
  • Patron Festivities - November
  • La Mina Christian Music fest - July
  • Plenazo Junqueño - February

Notable Natives

Further information: List of Puerto Ricans
  • Gisselle
  • Rita Moreno
  • Alfredo Alejandro Carrión
  • Rafael Celestino Benítez
  • Juan Manuel López (boxer)
  • Felicitas Mendez
  • María de Lourdes Ramos Rivera
  • José Luis Moneró

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