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Caguas, Puerto Rico
Autonomous Municipality of Caguas
Flag of Caguas, Puerto Rico
Flag
Coat of arms of Caguas, Puerto Rico
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): "La Ciudad del Turabo" (Turabo Valley), "La Ciudad Criolla" (Creole City)
Anthem: "Caguas"
Location of Caguas in Puerto Rico
Location of Caguas in Puerto Rico
Country United States
Territory Puerto Rico
Founded January 1, 1775
Area
 • Total 59.07 sq mi (153.00 km2)
 • Land 58.68 sq mi (151.97 km2)
 • Water 0.40 sq mi (1.03 km2)
Elevation 2,110 ft (643 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 142,893
 • Density 2,418.90/sq mi (933.94/km2)
Demonym(s) Cagüeños caguenses
Ethnicity(2000 Census)
 • White 84.5%
 • Black 7.8%
 • American Indian/AN 0.6%
 • Asian 0.3%
 • Native Hawaiian/PI 0.1%
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
Zip code 00725, 00726, 00727
Area code(s) +787
Website caguas.gov.pr

Caguas (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkaɣwas]), founded in 1775, is a city and municipality of Puerto Rico located in the Central Mountain Range of Puerto Rico, south of San Juan and Trujillo Alto, west of Gurabo and San Lorenzo, east of Aguas Buenas, Cidra, and Cayey.

Caguas is located 20 miles (32 km) (twenty minutes to an hour by car) from San Juan and 40 miles (64 km) (an hour and a half by car; it may take longer because of mountainous area in between the two cities) from Ponce. It is known as El Valle del Turabo (Turabo Valley) or La Ciudad Criolla (The Creole City) and its name originates from the Taíno cacique Caguax. Caguas is both a principal city of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area and the San Juan-Caguas-Fajardo Combined Statistical Area.

History

Caguas was founded on January 1, 1775 as San Sebastián del Piñal de Caguax, later shortened and modernized to its current form. Caguax was a local Taíno chief and early convert to Christianity. Caguas' construction was finished in 1779, in 1820 it was declared a valley and in 1894 it became a city.

In 2002, Caguas was the site of the 2002 USAF Hercules air disaster.

Geography

Caguas is located in the largest valley in Puerto Rico, the "Valle de Caguas" which it shares with Gurabo and part of Aguas Buenas. It is located approximately 30 minutes from the coastline both on the east (Humacao) and the north (San Juan), and is divided from the Gurabo portion of the valley by the river of the same name. It is east of Aguas Buenas and Cidra, north of Cayey, south of San Juan, and west of Gurabo and Trujillo Alto. It also shares borders with Guayama and Patillas via a five-point border, with Cayey and San Lorenzo. At this point there are two tall antennas which provide signal to Puerto Rico's principal TV stations such as WKAQ-TV and WAPA-TV. No road passes exactly at this point, and it can be approached nearby through Puerto Rico Highway 184. Being a valley, Caguas has the distinction of being relatively flat except near the borders with all the mentioned municipalities except Gurabo.

Water features

  • The Río Grande de Loíza divides this municipality from Gurabo.
  • Other Rivers: Río Turabo, Río Caguitas, Río Cañaboncito, Río Bairoa and Río Cañas.

Climate

The climate is classified as a Tropical monsoon climate, meaning the daily mean temperature from month to month is never less than 64.4 °F (18 °C), and there is a distinct wet and dry season. Rainfall is common in relative abundance throughout most of the year, although there is less rain than in the eastern coastal valleys. The land, however, is fertile and deep.

Climate data for Caguas (Average and Records: 1948-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.3
(92)
33.9
(93)
35
(95)
35
(95)
36.1
(97)
37.2
(99)
37.2
(99)
36.7
(98)
38.3
(101)
37.2
(99)
35
(95)
35
(95)
38.3
(101)
Average high °C (°F) 26.28
(79.3)
27.17
(80.9)
30.22
(86.4)
31.17
(88.1)
31.89
(89.4)
32.5
(90.5)
32.61
(90.7)
32.83
(91.1)
32.78
(91.0)
32.22
(90.0)
30.78
(87.4)
29.39
(84.9)
30.83
(87.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.61
(70.9)
21.72
(71.1)
23.5
(74.3)
25.06
(77.1)
26.44
(79.6)
27.44
(81.4)
28.17
(82.7)
28.06
(82.5)
28.22
(82.8)
27.56
(81.6)
25.61
(78.1)
24.11
(75.4)
25.61
(78.1)
Average low °C (°F) 16.94
(62.5)
16.17
(61.1)
16.83
(62.3)
18.89
(66.0)
21
(69.8)
22.44
(72.4)
23.72
(74.7)
23.33
(74.0)
23.72
(74.7)
22.89
(73.2)
20.39
(68.7)
18.78
(65.8)
20.44
(68.8)
Record low °C (°F) 10
(50)
10
(50)
9.4
(49)
13.3
(56)
16.7
(62)
18.3
(65)
18.9
(66)
19.4
(67)
18.9
(66)
17.8
(64)
15
(59)
13.9
(57)
9.4
(49)
Rainfall mm (inches) 77.5
(3.05)
68.1
(2.68)
35.3
(1.39)
109.7
(4.32)
265.7
(10.46)
107.2
(4.22)
87.9
(3.46)
127.8
(5.03)
247.4
(9.74)
180.8
(7.12)
199.9
(7.87)
106.7
(4.20)
1,511.8
(59.52)
Snowfall cm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.10) 9 7 6 12 18 11 8 10 14 10 18 9 100
Avg. snowy days (≥ 1.00) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Source: Southeast Regional Climate Center 

Cityscape

Barrios

  • Caguas Pueblo
  • Bairoa
  • Beatriz
  • Borinquen
  • Cañabón
  • Cañaboncito
  • Rio Cañas
  • San Antonio
  • San Salvador
  • Tomás de Castro
  • Turabo
  • Villa del Rey

Tourism

Caguas trolley
Caguas Municipal Trolley in the Town Square
Jardines botanicos entrada
Entrance to the Botanic and Cultural Gardens

Landmarks and places of interest

Jardín Botánico Caguasf
Lotus Flower in the Jardín Botánico y Cultural William Miranda Marín
  • Caguas Historical Museum
  • Caguas Cathedral
  • Coquí Villa
  • Hacienda Catalina Ruins
  • Hacienda Cofresí
  • Hacienda Country Club
  • Jardín Botánico y Cultural William Miranda Marín
  • La Casa de Ajedrez (The House of Chess)
  • Tobacco Museum
  • Catedral Dulce Nombre De Jesus (In town plaza founded in 1729 and constructed in 1774).

Culture

Festivals and events

  • Rosario Cantado a los Reyes – 4 January
  • Criolla Beatriz – February
  • Criolla Borinquen Fair – March
  • Criolla Cañabón Fair – April
  • Felipe "La Voz Rodríguez' Birthday – 8 May
  • Al Fresco – Every last Friday of each month

Sports

The Criollos de Caguas baseball team is considered one of the greatest of all-time in all of Latin America, having won 16 national Puerto Rico titles and 3 Caribbean World Series titles The team is a member of the Liga de Béisbol Profesional de Puerto Rico (LBPPR). Three of the first five Puerto Ricans that played Major League Baseball in the U.S., at one point in their careers played for the Criollos de Caguas (Luis Rodríguez Olmo, Victor Pellot Power, Roberto Clemente).

The Criollos de Caguas basketball team, founded in 1968 by Dr. Héctor "Tato" Dávila and Lcdo. Libertario Pérez Rodríguez, hasn't enjoyed as much success as their baseball counterparts. However in the early 2000s, they showed a lot of progress by reaching the national playoffs various times. The team is a member of the BSN. In 2006, the team won its first BSN national basketball championship, defeating Flor Melendez and his Santurce Crabbers in five games.

Caguas is home to the Bairoa Gym, one of the most important boxing gyms in all Puerto Rico and a place where many visiting champions have trained at; such as boxing Welterweight Champion Miguel Cotto, his brother Jose Miguel, Alberto Mercado, Juan Carazo, Alfredo Escalera and others.

The Criollas de Caguas women's volleyball team has won 9 national Puerto Rico titles and has made it to the finals more than 15 times. The team is a member of the Liga de Voleibol Superior Femenino (LVSF).

Demographics

Caguas cathedral
Caguas cathedral "Dulce Nombre de Jesús" (Sweet Name of Jesus), founded in 1729. The current church was built in 1830, and restored in 1930 due to a major hurricane the previous year. It was raised to the status of cathedral in 1964. On the facade hangs an image of native son Blessed Carlos Manuel Rodríguez, whose body rests in the cathedral.

Caguas is one of the largest municipalities with a population of 142,893 (increase of 1.7 percent).*

Male Population in Caguas Barrio-pueblo, Puerto Rico: 10,351

Female Population in Caguas Barrio-pueblo, Puerto Rico: 12,629

(updated 2013)**

Median Male Resident Age in Caguas, Puerto Rico: 35.9

Median Female Resident Age in Caguas, Puerto Rico: 41.9

(updated 2013)**

'Races in Caguas, Puerto Rico'

• White: 18,584 • African American: 2,245 • American Indian: 65 • Asian: 26 • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander: 0 • Some Other Race: 1,585 • Two or More Races: 475

(updated 2013)**

Household Income (Caguas Zona Urbana, Puerto Rico)

Less than $10,000 : 8,786

$10,000 to $14,999 : 3,297

$15,000 to $19,999 : 2,684

$20,000 to $24,999 : 2,685

$25,000 to $29,999 : 2,142

$30,000 to $34,999 : 2,144

$35,000 to $39,999 : 1,302

$40,000 to $44,999 : 1,389

$45,000 to $49,999 : 1,080

$50,000 to $59,999 : 1,521

$60,000 to $74,999 : 1,532

$75,000 to $99,999 : 1,194

$100,000 to $124,999 : 690

$125,000 to $149,999 : 111

$150,000 to $199,999 : 284

$200,000 or more : 65

(updated 2013)**

Land Area: 58.6 sq mi Density: 2438.4 per sq mi Median Age: 37.3 ***

 * 
** 

Symbols

Flag and Coat of arms

The colors blue and gold were chosen for the shield, distinctive of the city of Caguas. The figures symbolize both the indigenous and Christian origins of this city.

The coat of arms consists of a shield with a blue field. Upon the field are two sets of three golden arrows, forming a cross of St. Andrew. Above the cross is a crown which represents Caguax, cacique of the Turabo Valley at the time of the arrival of the Spanish conquerors.

Arrows were used as a remembrance of the first Christian place of worship established in the region which was dedicated under the patronage of St. Sebastian. There are pineapples interspersed to reflect the native agriculture. A castellated wall surmounts the shield to show the city's having been granted status as a municipality by the Spanish Crown.

On the flag, the shield sits atop another blue field on which the cross of arrows is repeated.

Transportation

Public transportation in Caguas, as in most of Puerto Rico, is limited to small "guaguas públicas" (Mini Bus). There is service to and from San Juan and Rio Piedras, inexpensive but slow. Within Caguas, several buses and taxis serve the town.

A "light interurban rail" system connecting Caguas to San Juan is in the planning stages, and will act as a feeder for the Tren Urbano.

Caguas is served by one freeway, one tolled expressway and one main divided highway. Puerto Rico Highway 30 connects Caguas to the east. There is no freeway/expressway to the west, due mainly to the fact that there is no sufficient population west of Caguas to develop a new freeway or expressway; good access to the municipalities of Cidra(southwest) and Aguas Buenas(northwest) are possible via PR-172 and PR-156, respectively. Puerto Rico Highway 52 connects Caguas to the north (San Juan) and south (Cayey, Ponce). Puerto Rico Highway 1 is an alternate route to San Juan and Guaynabo with two lanes per direction; in south Caguas it becomes rural near Borinquen, therefore the only good access to Cayey is the expressway (PR-52) and a $1.00 toll has to be paid (only in the south direction). The only municipality bordering Caguas with a poor-access road is San Lorenzo, via PR-183; but good access to San Lorenzo is possible by entering Gurabo via PR-30, and then taking PR-203 south.

Luis Munoz Marin International Airport is about 35 minutes away by car.

Sister cities


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