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Hefei

合肥市
Prefecture-level city
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Montage of Hefei. Clockwise from top: Swan Lake Eastbank CBD, Dashushan, City God Temple of Luzhou-Fu and Downtown Hefei.
Location of Hefei City jurisdiction in Anhui
Location of Hefei City jurisdiction in Anhui
Country People's Republic of China
Province Anhui
County-level divisions 7
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 11,434.25 km2 (4,414.79 sq mi)
 • Urban
725 km2 (280 sq mi)
 • Metro
438.2 km2 (169.2 sq mi)
Elevation
37 m (123 ft)
Population
 (2016 Sampling)
 • Prefecture-level city 7,869,000
 • Density 688.20/km2 (1,782.42/sq mi)
 • Urban
 (2018)
3,865,000
 • Urban density 5,331/km2 (13,807/sq mi)
 • Metro
3,718,000
 • Metro density 8,484.7/km2 (21,975/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (CST)
Postal code
230000
Area code(s) 551
ISO 3166 code CN-AH-01
Licence plate prefixes 皖A
GDP (2016) CNY 721.3 billion
 - per capita CNY 92000
City trees
Southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora L.)
City flowers
Sweet Osmanthus (Osmanthus fragrans Lour.)
Blossom of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.)
Hefei
Hefei (Chinese characters).svg
"Hefei" in Chinese characters
Chinese 合肥
Postal Map Hofei
Literal meaning "Junction of the Fei [Rivers]"

Hefei (Chinese: 合肥) is a city and municipality (地级市) in eastern China. Hefei is the capital the Anhui province. It is the political, economic, and cultural center of Anhui. It is located in the central portion of the province, and it borders Huainan to the north, Chuzhou to the northeast, Wuhu to the southeast, Tongling to the south, Anqing to the southwest and Lu'an to the west. Hefei has 7.06 million people, 2.18 million of whom lives in the urban area.

History

HefeiWallMap
Old Hefei Map with wall

From the 8th to the 6th centuries BC, there were many small states in Hefei. The area later became a part of the Chu kingdom. Many archaeological finds dating from this period have been made. In the 2nd century BC, the name 'Hefei' was first given to the county set up in the area under the Han dynasty.

In the 3rd century AD, the Battle of Xiaoyao Ford was fought at Xiaoyao Ford (逍遙津) in Hefei. Zhang Liao, a general of the Wei state, led 800 picked cavalry and defeated the 200,000-strong army from Wu. After this battle, Wu and Wei fought for several decades in Hefei.

Political divisions

Hefei Municipality is divided into 4 districts, 4 counties and 1 city.


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