Island County, Washington facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Location within the U.S. state of Washington
Washington's location within the U.S.
|Largest city||Oak Harbor|
|• Total||517 sq mi (1,340 km2)|
|• Land||208 sq mi (540 km2)|
|• Water||309 sq mi (800 km2) 60%|
| • Estimate
|• Density||381/sq mi (147/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−8 (Pacific)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−7 (PDT)|
The county's name reflects the fact that it is composed entirely of islands. It contains two large islands, Whidbey and Camano, and seven smaller islands (Baby, Ben Ure, Deception, Kalamut, Minor, Smith, and Strawberry). Island County was created out of Thurston County on December 22, 1852, by the legislature of Oregon Territory, and is the eighth-oldest county in Washington. It originally encompassed what are now Snohomish, Skagit, Whatcom, and San Juan Counties.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 517 square miles (1,340 km2), of which 208 square miles (540 km2) is land and 309 square miles (800 km2) (60%) is water. It is the second-smallest county in Washington by area.
- Snohomish County – east
- Kitsap County – southwest
- Jefferson County – west
- San Juan County – northwest
- Skagit County – north
National protected areas
- Pacific Northwest National Scenic Trail (part)
- Ebey's Landing National Historical Reserve
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the 2010 census, there were 78,506 people, 32,746 households, and 22,156 families living in the county. The population density was 376.6 inhabitants per square mile (145.4/km2). There were 40,234 housing units at an average density of 193.0 per square mile (74.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 86.1% white, 4.4% Asian, 2.2% black or African American, 0.8% American Indian, 0.5% Pacific islander, 1.5% from other races, and 4.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.5% of the population. The largest ancestry groups were:
- 21.4% German
- 14.3% Irish
- 14.0% English
- 6.1% Norwegian
- 4.5% Scottish
- 4.3% French
- 4.1% Dutch
- 4.0% Swedish
- 4.0% American
- 3.6% Mexican
- 3.5% Italian
- 2.9% Filipino
- 2.5% Scotch-Irish
- 2.1% Polish
- 1.6% Welsh
- 1.5% Danish
Of the 32,746 households, 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.3% were non-families, and 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.81. The median age was 43.2 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $57,190 and the median income for a family was $68,106. Males had a median income of $46,801 versus $35,189 for females. The per capita income for the county was $29,079. About 5.7% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over.
The primary islands of Island County, Whidbey Island and Camano Island are served by a total of 3 Washington State Routes, those being SR 20 and SR 525, on Whidbey Island, and SR 532 on Camano Island. SR 20 enters Island County via the Port Townsend-Coupeville (Keystone) ferry route from the West, and departs via the Deception Pass Bridge in the North. SR 525 enters Island County from the East/South via the Mukilteo-Clinton ferry and terminates at an intersection with SR 20, South of Coupeville. SR 532 begins on Camano Island, just a few hundred yards inside Island County at an intersection with Sunrise Boulevard and departs Island County to the East via the Camano Gateway Bridge. These islands are also served by a fare-free/pre-paid bus service called Island Transit.
Other unincorporated communities
Island County, Washington Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.