James III of Scotland facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
James III
King of Scots
Reign 3 August 1460 – 11 June 1488
Coronation 10 August 1460
Predecessor James II
Successor James IV
Spouse Margaret of Denmark
House Stewart
Father James II of Scotland
Mother Mary of Guelders
Born 10 July 1451 or May 1452
Stirling or St Andrews Castles
Died 11 June 1488 (aged 36)
Sauchie Burn, Scotland
Burial Cambuskenneth Abbey, Stirling
Religion Roman Catholic

James III of Scotland (1451/ 1452June 11, 1488), son of James II and Mary of Gueldres, made Duke of Rothesay at birth then king of Scots from 1460 to 1488. James was an unpopular and ineffective monarch owing to an unwillingness to administer justice fairly, a policy of pursuing alliance with the Kingdom of England, and a disastrous relationship with nearly all his extended family.

Life

Margaret-of-denmark-queen-to-james-iii-of-scotland
Margaret of Denmark, queen of Scotland

His exact date and place of birth have been a matter of debate . Claims were made that he was born in May 1452. The place of birth was either Stirling Castle or the Castle of St Andrews. He succeeded his father, James II on August 3, 1460, and was crowned at Kelso Abbey, Roxburghshire a week later.

He married Margaret of Denmark, daughter of King Christian I of Denmark in 1469 at Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh. The marriage produced three sons:

Death in battle

In 1488 he faced an army raised by the nobles, and many former councillors at the Battle of Sauchieburn, and was defeated and killed. A monument can be found marking his burial place at Cambuskenneth Abbey.


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