James IV of Scotland facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsJames IV
|King of Scotland|
|Reign||11 June 1488 – 9 September 1513|
|Coronation||24 June 1488|
17 March 1473|
Stirling Castle, Stirling, Scotland
|Died||9 September 1513
Battle of Flodden, Northumberland, England
|Spouse||Margaret of England|
|Father||James III of Scots|
|Mother||Margaret of Denmark|
James IV (17 March 1473 – 9 September 1513) was the King of Scotland from 11 June 1488 to his death. He assumed the throne following the death of his father, King James III. He is generally regarded as the most successful of the Stewart monarchs of Scotland, but his reign ended in a disastrous defeat at the Battle of Flodden, where he became the last monarch not only from Scotland, but from all of Great Britain, to be killed in battle.
Some of James' relatives were:
- James III of Scotland, his father
- Margaret Tudor, his wife
- James V of Scotland, his son
- Mary, Queen of Scots, his granddaughter
War and death
When war broke out between England and France as a result of the Italian Wars, James found himself in a difficult position as an ally by treaty to both France and England. Since the accession of Henry VIII in 1509, relations with England had worsened, and when Henry invaded France, James reacted by declaring war on England.
James summoned sailors and sent the Scottish navy, including the Great Michael, to join the ships of Louis XII of France, so joining in the War of the League of Cambrai. He led an invading army southward into Northumberland, only to be killed, with many of his nobles and common soldiers, at the disastrous Battle of Flodden on 9 September 1513. This was one of Scotland's worst military defeats in history and the loss of not only a popular and capable king, but also a large portion of the political community, was a major blow to the realm.
Images for kids
James IV ordered the Kirk of Steill to be built in 1500, for the Christian Jubilee, and to commemorate his rescue from the nearby river Tweed
James IV of Scotland Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.