James IV of Scotland facts for kids

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James IV
James IV of Scotland.jpg
King of Scotland
Reign 11 June 1488 – 9 September 1513
Coronation 24 June 1488
Predecessor James III
Successor James V
Born (1473-03-17)17 March 1473
Stirling Castle, Stirling, Scotland
Died 9 September 1513(1513-09-09) (aged 40)
Battle of Flodden, Northumberland, England
Spouse Margaret of England
House Stewart
Father James III of Scots
Mother Margaret of Denmark
Religion Roman Catholic

James IV (17 March 1473 – 9 September 1513) was the King of Scotland from 11 June 1488 to his death. He assumed the throne following the death of his father, King James III. He is generally regarded as the most successful of the Stewart monarchs of Scotland, but his reign ended in a disastrous defeat at the Battle of Flodden, where he became the last monarch not only from Scotland, but from all of Great Britain, to be killed in battle.

Family

Some of James' relatives were:

War and death

When war broke out between England and France as a result of the Italian Wars, James found himself in a difficult position as an ally by treaty to both France and England. Since the accession of Henry VIII in 1509, relations with England had worsened, and when Henry invaded France, James reacted by declaring war on England.

James summoned sailors and sent the Scottish navy, including the Great Michael, to join the ships of Louis XII of France, so joining in the War of the League of Cambrai. He led an invading army southward into Northumberland, only to be killed, with many of his nobles and common soldiers, at the disastrous Battle of Flodden on 9 September 1513. This was one of Scotland's worst military defeats in history and the loss of not only a popular and capable king, but also a large portion of the political community, was a major blow to the realm.

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